A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

French Canadian Pioneers: The Leclercs / Leclairs of Quebec

Index: Early French Canadian Pioneers of Quebec

Index: Filles du Roi

Marguerite  Leclerc was also a  Fille du Roi. She was baptized on July 20th, 1629 in St-Symphorien Parish in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France.

Florent Leclerc | Marie Gendre

February 4th, 1658  Trois-Rivieres

[Occ. Engage] [Baptismal record]

Guillaume Leclerc |  Marie -Therese Huneault

November 14th, 1676, Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. settler]

Jacques Leclerc  |  Marie-Anne de Couagne

February 19th, 1703, La Rochelle

[Occ. merchant]

Jacques Leclerc  |  Marie-Anne Douaire

November 19th, 1736, merchant

[Occ. merchant]  [Baptismal record]

Jean Leclerc / Clerc / Lafrensay  |  Genevieve Circe

Jan 23rd, 1706, St-Ours

[Occ. mil., troupes de la Marine, St-Ours]

[Baptismal record]

Jean Leclerc / Le Bouteleux  |  Marie Le Coy dit Couet

November 11th, 1669, Ste-Famille (Ile-d”Orleans)

[Occ. settler]  [Baptismal record]

Jean-Baptiste Leclerc  |  Marie-Amable Gareau

June 12th, 1752, Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. mil., troupes de la Marine]

Julien Leclerc  |  Elisabeth Sevigny dit Lafleur

September 4th, 1736, Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. master,  hotel (Hospital)  of Mgr. de Pontbriand]

[Baptismal record]

Nicolas  Leclerc / Leclair  |  Marie-Charlotte Gingras

August 16th, 1740, St-Augustin-de-Desmaures

[Occ. millworker]

[Baptismal record]

Pierre Leclerc  |  Isabelle Rondeau

February 7th, 1690, St-Pierre (Ile-d’Orleans)

[Occ. settler, arrived with his parents]  [Baptismal record]

Robert Leclerc  |  Marie Jalais dit Jallay

July 9th, 1680, Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. servant]

See external link below for biography of their son.

Sauveur-Germain Leclerc  |  Genevieve Hervieux

January 9th, 1717, Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. merchant]

Vincent Chretien  |  Anne Leclerc

about 1668, Ste-Famille (Ile-d”Orleans)

Anne Leclerc was a Fille du Roi (see 2nd note below)

Nicolas Leblond  |  Marguerite  Leclerc

October 13th, 1661, Chateau-Richer

[Occ. labourer]

Julien Bloys dit Brasdargent (Blois) |  Marguerite  Leclerc

November 26th, 1665, Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. Engage, to clear land]

Marguerite  Leclerc was a Fille du Roi (see 2nd note below)

Variations and associated surnames

Auclair – Bilmer – Blondin – Cap-Breton – Clair

Clerc – Clere – Clerimbert – Couture – Fleurant – Florent

Francoeur – Houde – Houle – Jolicoeur

Laderoute –  Lafrenaie – Lafrenaye – Lafresnaye

Lavigne – Le Bouteleau – Lebouleteau – Lebouteleau

Lebouteleux – Leclaire(e) – Lecuyer – Lescuier

L’Escuyer – Maufay – Montfort – Pauperet

Petitclerc – St-Laurent – Sureau

This series of Early French Canadian Pioneers  microposts is dedicated to the earliest settlers of Quebec. If you are new to the genealogy of French-speaking Canadians, please be aware that the earliest French settlers can also descend from the Acadian pioneers who originally settled in what are now Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. In addition, please note that any Native related links refer back to other posts citing census, marriage or other documents with indigenous or Metis individuals of that surname, however those individuals do not necessarily descend from these particular French Canadian settlers. All these posts are intended as Finding Aides – a place to find possible clues and start your own research!

Filles du Roi is the name that’s been given to about 700/800 women who emigrated from France to Quebec in the middle of the 17th century. They were called the King’s Daughters because Louis XIV (King of France) had sponsored their trips to the New World. Each Fille received her passage, a hope chest and room and board until her marriage (read further at The Canadian Encyclopedia).

Anne Leclerc was a Fille du Roi. Her parents were Jean Leclerc and Perrette Brunet (later known as Brunel) of Dieppe (Seine-Maritime), France. She was baptized on February 21st, 1637 in St-Remy Parish. [Baptismal Record]  [for Quebec information see above]

Marguerite  Leclerc was also a  Fille du Roi. She was baptized on July 20th, 1629 in St-Symphorien Parish in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France. Her parents were Pierre Leclerc and Nicole Petit. [Baptismal Record]  [for Quebec information see above]

Related Posts

List of Metis Surnames of Ontario

Iroquois Confederacy Surnames

Index: Filles du Roi

Index: Cimetiere Sainte-Philomene

Hermine Paquin | Evelyn in Montreal

Michaud m. Lagace (Van Buren, 1851)

Reader Query: The Viaus of Kahnawake (2/2)

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 81 – 100

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 101 – 120

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 181 – 200

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 201 – 220

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 241 – 260

Iroquois Confederacy Surnames

History Of Kahnawake | Links To Biographical Info | Pt 4 (L)

First Nations Census Records – Leclerc & Leclair Surname


Provencher  |  Ritchot  (1911)  Leclaire

Dauphin  | Manitowapak  (1911)  Leclair

Selkirk  | St. Laurent  (1901)  Leclaire

Unorg. Territory  |  Marquette S-6 (1901)  Leclair 


Nipissing  |  Mattawan Town 0(1)-1 (1901)   June 2021

Nipissing  |  Nairn, Lorne, Hyman & Unorg. Territory (1901)  June 2021


Laprairie  |  Sault-St-Louis  (1881)  Leclaire

Terrebonne  |  Ste. Lucie  (1911)  Leclaire

Laprairie-Napierville  | Caughnawaga I.R. (1921)   Leclair

Chicoutimi & Saguenay  | Pointe Blene (1911)   Leclerc

Pontiac  | Timiskaming | (1901)   Laclair 


Assiniboia East  | East Pelly Agency (1901)   Leclare

First Nations Marriages – Leclerc Surname

BLAN    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

J …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

LAUG    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

P …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip] 

First Nations Marriages – Leclair Surname

ANAH   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

ASAI    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

BENA    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

BLAN     [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

BRAS    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [QC]

D …      [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

J ..   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [QC]

K …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

KANA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

KASA    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

LAHO    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [QC]

LAUG  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]

O …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

OKAN    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [QC]

OKED    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

PIGE  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] 

SIMO    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [QC]

SNOW    [CDN Marriage Extracts]    [QC]

T …     [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

THAN    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [QC]

External Links

Troupes de la Marine | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Siege of Quebec | Colonial Troops | Troupes de la Marine

LECLERC, JEAN-BAPTISTE | Dictionary of Canadian Biography 

The Engages and Servants in Nouvelle France | Canadian Museum of History 


June 1, 2009 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


  1. I was sure I would find my Leclercs in this group but no luck.


    Comment by Lori E | June 1, 2009 | Reply

  2. Guillaume LeClerc and Marie Therese Hunault were both killed by Iroquois. there was a daughter, Marie-Anne Leclerc (1685-1730) on November 21, 1712 in St-Francois. She married Jacques Lebelle (1688-1748) on November 21, 1712. This couple had at least 6 children.
    Jacques married Marie Suzanne Daze in 1730, after Marie-Anne’s death.


    Comment by Michele Martin | August 27, 2011 | Reply

    • Michele, I knew that Marie Therese was killed by the Iroquois but I have no record of Guillaume was killed the same way. Certainly wasn’t killed the same time as his wife.


      Comment by Mary Jane Poole | December 24, 2015 | Reply

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