Acadians of New Bandon (Grande Anse/St.Leolin) |
Dianna Inkster left a message after she noticed a Theriault headstone that referred to a French Catholic marriage in the New Bandon area and she was wondering how Acadians came to be in the area (see also new comment that follows this post)
My grandmother, Rebecca May known as Mamie Jeffers & her many siblings were born in New Bandon, (Gloucester Co.) New Brunswick as was here father Edward Jeffers. New Bandon was a village founded by Protestant Irish about 1812 and all the people in the 1852 Census say they were born in Ireland except my Great-Great Grandfather who says he was born in Nova Scotia.
I wonder how in a predominantly English-speaking village 2 Acadians came to be married. Is there even a Roman Catholic Church in the village? My Grandmother born in 1882 would have left in 1910s after she married my Grandfather Freeman Goneau of Middle River. My Grandmother spoke no French and my Grandfather’s mother says she’s an anglophone, but her children all bearing very English Christian names are Francophone.
Dianna is correct in stating that the New Bandon area started out as an English-speaking settlement. It was settled by Irish and Scottish immigrants who were attracted by the rocky shoreline – unlike the Acadians who preferred the lower lands of Caraquet and area. Nevertheless, although the Acadians didn’t initially settle in that area, they were aware that there was a lot of good stone along the waterfront that they use use to create mill grindstones. This eventually developed into an industry (esp. Read of Stonehaven) which employed many workers. and led to the development of English-speaking (Irish/Scottish) and French-speaking (Acadian) areas – especially Grande Anse. The varying settlement patterns show up in the 1861 census and are still evident in the census of 1901.
(Source: Les Meules de New Bandon, Mgr. Donat Robichaud)
English-speaking area – Cowhig, Holmes, Kerr, Murphy, Mckernin, Slater, Scott, White, Murph, Seaman, Caie, Boultenhouse, Crawfert
Grande-Anse, St-Leolin – Bertin, Blanchard, Clement, Landry, Salter, Theriault, Hache
1901 Census New Bandon
E-1 Baker, Bateman, Brackenrigg, Buttimore, Caie, Chamberlain, Collins, Commeau, Cormier, Daily, Daley, Dempsey, Duset, Eady, Elis, Ellis,Foley, Forbes, Glendenning, Good, Hanley,Hickson, Hillock, Hodnett, Hornibrook, Jagoe, Jeffers, Jennings, Kerr, Knowles, Lambert, Landery, Landry, Landry ,McCarthy, McCarty, McDonal, McKenzie, Merserau, Mersereau, Milne, Morison, Murphey, Murphy, Norton, Parrott, Payne, Peters, Plant, Poirier, Powers, Rache, Read, Renouf, Richey, Rodgers Sargent, Scott, Sealy, Smith, Sullivan, Taylor, Walsh, Ward, Williams, Wiseman.
E-3 Combs, Coughlan, Cowhig, Crimmen, Crowley, Cushing, Dempsey, Driscol, Ducey, Duncastor, Fitzpatrick, Foley, Hatton, Hodnett, Hurley, Jago, Kearew, Lubon, Madden, Maden, McKernin, Moirarity, Murphy, Ohearn, Ohern, Reardon, Robichaud, Salter, Sisk, Therault, Theriault, Thomson