A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

French Canadian Pioneers: The Viaus of Quebec

Index: French Canadian Pioneers of Quebec

Index: Filles du Roi

QUEBEC SURNAMES: Viau + Boucher, Filles du Roi, Plouard, Provost, Viau Kahnawake, Viau Native Metis LOCATIONS: Montreal, St. Nicolas, Quebec | Vintage postcard, Montreal_Interior_Notre_Dame_Church_1907


Jacques Viau / Lesperance | Marie-Madeleine Plouard

January 21st, 1670, Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. mil., Carginan-Salieres, Dugue]

Marie-Madeleine Plouard was a Fille du Roi (see 2nd note below).

Jean Viau / Viaud | Francoise Provost

November 23rd, 1711, Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. settler]  [Baptismal record]

Joseph Viau / Laliberte | Marie Therese Boucher

February 2nd, 1761, St-Nicolas

[Occ. mil., troupes de Montcalm, La Reine, Montreuil]



Variations and associated surnames

Beausejour – Jeanbau – Jeanveau – Kauvreau

Laliberte – L’Esperance – Lesperance – Petronille – Saint-Mars



This series of French Canadian Pioneers of Quebec microposts is dedicated to the earliest settlers of Quebec. If you are new to the genealogy of French-speaking Canadians, please be aware that the earliest French settlers can also descend from the Acadian pioneers who originally settled in what are now Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. In addition, please note that any Native related links refer back to other posts citing census, marriage or other documents with indigenous or Metis individuals of that surname, however those individuals do not necessarily descend from these particular French Canadian settlers. All these posts are intended as Finding Aides – a place to find possible clues and start your own research!


Filles du Roi  is the name that’s been given to about 700/800 women who emigrated from France to Quebec in the middle of the 17th century. They were called the King’s Daughters because Louis XIV (King of France) had sponsored their trips to the New World. Each Fille received her passage, a hope chest and room and board until her marriage (read further at The Canadian Encyclopedia).

Marie-Madeleine Plouard was a Fille du Roi. Her parents were Michel Plouard and Jeanne Fouquet. Marie-Madeleine was baptized on May 1st, 1653 in Dieppe, France. She died between May 14th, 1683 and April 10th, 1684.




Related Posts

Index: French Canadian Pioneers of Quebec

Index: Filles du Roi

V – W – X – Y – Z | Non-Natives Among First Nations People Of Canada

Caughnawaga (Kahnawake) Surnames: Iroquois, Native American & European

They Passed Through Kahnawake: P.  Rufiange (m. Delima Viau)

They Passed Through Kahnawake: A. Filion &  R.-A. Faubert

Reader Query: The Viaus of Kahnawake (2/2)

Reader Query: Duquettes in Caughnawaga | Part 2/3

Viau m. Duranceau: Ascendancy to Settlers  Viau m. Prevost | 1/2

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 61 – 80

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 161 – 180

A Dubois’ Maternal Roots In Kahnawake

… Of Mounties and Caughnawaga – …

Core Index: Acadian & French-Canadian Genealogy and History



First Nations Census Records – Viau Surname

Caughnawaga I.R. | Iroquois, Mohawk (1921)



First Nations Marriage Records – Viau

ASAI – AZZI | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

QUAH – RUSS | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

T – THAI | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]



Historical Newspaper Clippings

Extract: Indian Affairs Annual Report (1903) | Surnames:  …  Viau


External Links

Siege of Quebec | Land/Regular Troops | Regiment de la Reine

La Campagne du regiment de la Sarre au Canada |(FR) 




May 3, 2012 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , ,

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