A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Chief John Jocks Near Anniversary (1934) Surnames: Bouchard, Jocks, Lacouture, Letourneau, Palmer, Two Axe

Index: Newspaper Clippings & Other Extracts Related To Kahnawà:ke

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Caughnawaga Police Head Will Have Been 14 Years In Post Next Week


Work In Interests of Indians On Reservation Notable – History is Recalled

Chief of Police John K. Jocks. R.C.M.P. of the Indian Reserve at Caughnawaga will observe next week the 14th anniversary of his appointment to this post. Chief Jocks is proud to a degree of his Indian ancestry and he is held in high regard by his compatriots, for the welfare of whom he strives ceaselessly.

His name is linked with a number of important cases. Seven years ago, when 200 Indians opposed the project of their parish priest, Rev. Father Lacouture, to erect a stone wall behind the church and threatened to throw the stones into the river if the padre persisted in his determination of carrying his plan through, Chief Jocks faced the ugly mob single-handed. He effected several apprehensions and had the situation well in hand in no time.

Chief Jocks also played a noteworthy part in having the murderers of Adelard Bouchard, Lachine taxi-driver, who was slain in July,1929, brought before justice and subsequently condemned. James MacDonald hanged for the crime, while his accomplice, Doris Palmer, is serving a life sentence in the Kingston Penitentiary. Recently the Caughnawaga Chief of Police contrived to bring to a satisfactory termination a strike which involved 125 Indian women workers at the Canadian Canners Limited factory at St. Isidore de Laprairie.

Despite the fact that the Caughnawaga Reserve has been in existence since 1667 it had had but two chiefs of police in the 267 years since its establishment, Chief Jocks recalled yesterday. He explained that up to 1905 the Dominion Government assumed the task of maintaining order in the quaint little village. In that year, however, the Government transferred this charge to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The first incumbent was Martin Two Axe who continued in that position until 1920, at which time he resigned and was replaced by Chief Jocks.

It is a rather odd fact, Chief Jocks recalled that although the Indian Reserve had its own parish church as early as 1845 it had to wait 45 years later to get is first Municipal Council. In the meantime the administration was carried on through the Department of Indian Affairs. The population of the Reserve is now 2,350 souls.

The present police station is located in what used to be Fort St. Louis, a building erected in 1712 and which harbored the officers of the French army and a military store. The lower storey only, of the two-storey stone construction, is occupied by the police station. The upper storey is used as the city hall and also contains the office of Lorenzo Letourneau, agent of Indian Affairs, in Caughnawaga. Because the law provides that no prisoner shall remain within the walls of the Caughnawaga police station more than 24 hours, two cells are deemed to be plenty.

Chief Jocks pointed out that the Indian Reserve has no waterworks system and that in case of fire it is the alarm-bell, tolling from the church steeple, that calls volunteer firemen to the scene of the fire with buckets which they use to carry water from the nearby St.Lawrence River. This is still the means used to supply water for household needs.

Chief Jocks stressed that the Reserve is the proud possessor of many historical souvenirs of great interest to tourists.  Among the many historical buildings he singled out for special mention what is known as “Le Moulin des Jesuites.”, built about 1690, at Kahnawakon, near the Lachine Rapids.


Source: The Montreal Gazette, August 18, 1834



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Index: Newspaper Clippings & Other Extracts Related To Kahnawà:ke

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May 15, 2013 - Posted by | . | , , , , , ,

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