A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Kahnawake Biographical Information/Links

This is the index for a series of posts containing links to online information about individuals who have lived in, passed through or been in some way connected to the history of Kahnawake.

If you are a newcomer to historical research, please remember that, as Winston Churchill once said: history is written by the victors. Much of the information in these links is derived from 19th century documents which were written from a European and Christian perspective.

Continue reading

March 29, 2017 Posted by | . | | Leave a comment

Waswanipi | Cree (1911)

Index: Native Surname Census Extracts

 

 

This is part of a larger project to locate surnames carried by Natives, First Peoples and Metis in Eastern Canada. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. Note: There are regular updates including external links (e.g. maps, encyclopedia) and added information (e.g. specific tribal affiliations).

This is part of a larger project to locate surnames carried by Natives, First Peoples and Metis in Eastern Canada. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. Note: There are regular updates including external links (e.g. maps, encyclopedia) and added information (e.g. specific tribal affiliations).

 

HOW TO USE  

1. To reach the original census records for the district named below, you can click on the External Links at the bottom of the post.

2. You can also click on many of the individual surnames to reach that listing in one of the census records (usually 1901 or 1911).

3. Surnames highlighted in orange also appear in the Marriage Records (although often spelled differently). 

 


 

Census Data:

Enumeration district: Quebec, Yamaska, Waswanipi (1911)

[Cree]

 


 

Alex  – Apidjik  –  Apitcik

Cooper   –  Dixson–  Grant  –  Gull Continue reading

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Main Index: Native – First Peoples – Metis [Canadian Census Extracts]

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

Surnames: Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Malecite (Amelicite Maliseet), Inuit, Algonquin. Ojibway, Cree, Six Nations, Oneida, Iroquois, Mississauga, Tuscarora, Chippewa, Metis, Montagnais

This is part of a constantly updated larger project to locate surnames carried by Canadian Natives, First Peoples and Metis. In this series of posts, I list surnames found in various census documents ranging from the 19th to the 20th century. This is the  complete list of all census extracts organized by location. For specific First Nations see the indexes listed at the foot of this post.

The companion series –  Native / First Peoples / Metis Surnames of Canada – Marriage Records contains many of the same surnames as well as others.

 

Notes regarding nomenclature for “race”

The identified nation (e.g. Dakota, Iroquois, Metis) in each post is derived from the census form and may change from year to year according to how people self-identified at the time and/or how the census takers chose to identify them. In some cases, the generic term Indian was used by census takers and I replace this with the now preferred term of First Nations.

Individuals of mixed background (part indigenous) were sometimes called Metis and sometimes by other historical racial terms which are now considered derogatory. It’s important to understand that in later years many of those individuals in the Western provinces recorded either as Metis or with the other derogatory terms were later formally recognized as members of what is now known as the  Metis Nation.

For records using these derogatory terms,  (especially in other parts of Canada) I understand from the  Indigenous Ally Toolkit  that the term metis (with a lower case m) could also be used, however as many of those census records list smaller amounts of indigenous background (e.g. 1/4), and as there is much controversy presently as to who should or shouldn’t consider themselves metis, I have decided to  use the term Mixed Heritage.

 

 


INDEXES BY REGION


Index: Alberta Census Extracts

 

Index: British Columbia Census Extracts

 

Index: Manitoba Census Extracts

 

Index: New Brunswick Census Extracts

 

Index: Newfoundland and Labrador Census Extracts

 

Index: The Territories, North West Territories and Yukon)

 

Index: Nova Scotia Census Extracts

 

Index: Ontario Census Extracts

 

Index: Prince Edward Island Census Extracts

 

Index: Quebec Census Extracts

 

Index: Saskatchewan Census Extracts

 

 


INDEXES BY NATION


 

Index: The Abenaki in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Algonquins In Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Blackfoot Confederacy In Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Cree in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Innu Montagnais Naskapi in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Iroquois Confederacy in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Maliseet in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippewa & Saulteaux in Canadian Census Records

 

Index: The Sioux, Dakota/Lakota and Nakoda Stoney in Canadian Census Records

 

 

 


 

 

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

 

 

 

 

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Oka | Iroquois Mohawk (1911)

Index: Native Surname Census Extracts

Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records

 

This is part of a larger project to locate surnames carried by Natives, First Peoples and Metis in Eastern Canada. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. Note: There are regular updates including external links (e.g. maps, encyclopedia) and added information (e.g. specific tribal affiliations). The companion series – Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames of Eastern Canada – Marriage Records contains many of the same surnames as well as others.

HOW TO USE  

1. To reach the original census records for the district named below, you can click on the External Links at the bottom of the post.

2. You can also click on many of the individual surnames to reach that listing in one of the census records (usually 1901 or 1911).

3. Surnames highlighted in orange also appear in the Marriage Records (although often spelled differently). 

 


 

Census Data:

Enumeration District 23: Oka Indian Reserve, Deux Montagnes, Quebec (1911) Continue reading

March 29, 2017 Posted by | . | , , , , , | 1 Comment

Restigouche QC | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Index: Native Surname Census Extracts

Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records

 

This is part of a larger project to locate surnames carried by Natives, First Peoples and Metis in Eastern Canada. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. Note: There are regular updates including external links (e.g. maps, encyclopedia) and added information (e.g. specific tribal affiliations). The companion series – Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames of Eastern Canada – Marriage Records contains many of the same surnames as well as others.

HOW TO USE  

1. To reach the original census records for the district named below, you can click on the External Links at the bottom of the post.

2. You can also click on many of the individual surnames to reach that listing in one of the census records (usually 1901 or 1911).

3. Surnames highlighted in orange also appear in the Marriage Records (although often spelled differently). 

 

 


 

Census Data:

Enumeration District 39: Restigouche Indian Reserve, Bonaventure, Quebec (1911) Continue reading

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