A Canadian Family

Natives, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Native – First Peoples – Metis [Canadian Census Extracts]

Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: The Maliseet in Canadian Census Records  NEW

Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records  NEW

This is part of a constantly updated larger project to locate surnames carried by Canadian Natives, First Peoples and Metis. In this series of posts, I list surnames found in various census documents ranging from the 19th to the 20th century. This is the list of all census extracts organized by location.

The companion series –  Native / First Peoples / Metis Surnames of Canada – Marriage Records contains many of the same surnames as well as others.

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Canada presently has ten provinces and then the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Labrador is physically north of Quebec but politically within Newfoundland. When  researching Canada you need to consider that the internal political boundaries have changed significantly  –  and this more than once.! When searching through records it may help to remember that:

  • the Yukon was north of British Columbia
  • the North-west Territories included the District of Arthabaska, District of Alberta, District of Saskatchewan and the District of Assiniboia
  • the District of Keewatin was north of Ontario
  • the District of Ungava was north of Quebec

Surnames: Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Malecite (Amelicite Maliseet), Inuit, Algonquin. Ojibway, Cree, Six Nations, Oneida, Iroquois, Mississauga, Tuscarora, Chippewa, Metis, Montagnais


* I use the term Metis for people listed explicitly as Metis on the census forms, and also as a replacement for derogatory terms such as half-breed. I also use Inuit for Eskimo (another derogatory term in Canada). In all cases you can click through the links and read the original document for yourself.

 

Alberta


Calgary | Sarcee Indian Reserve | Blackfoot, Blood, Cree, Sarcee, Stoney (1911)

Calgary | Stony Indian Reserve, Calgary, Alberta | Sioux (1911)  SEPT.

 

Edmonton I.R. | Cree, Iroquois, Metis, Stony (1911)   SEPT.

Edmonton  | 42 |  (1911)  SEPT.

Edmonton |  44 | Cree (1911)  OCT.

Edmonton |  46 | Beaver, First Nations, Metis  OCT.

 

MacLeod | Blood Indian Reserve | Blood, Kainai (1911)

MacLeod | Peigan Indian Reserve | Peigan (1911)

 

Medecine Hat | Blackfoot Indian Reserve, Medicine Hat (1911)   SEPT.

 

Strathcona | Bobtail  | Chippewa, Cree, Stoney, Sarcee (1911)

 

Victoria | Chippewyan Lake  |  Beaver, Cree, Metis, Saulteaux, Iroquois (1911)

Victoria | Cold Lake (Frog Lake, Long Lake) | Chipeweyan, Cree, Metis (1911)  OCT.

Victoria | Lac La Biche | Cree (1911)

Victoria | Saddle Lake I. R. Census Returns | Cree – Chippewa – Ojibway (1911) 

 

 

British Columbia


Comox-Atline | Atlin 42  |   Stakine (1911)  SEPT.

Comox-Atline | Atlin, 44 | Kwawkewlth Indian Agency, Alert Bay, Fort Rupert, Quatsino Sound …  (1911)   SEPT.

Comox-Atline | Atlin, 46  | Masset  I. R.Skidegale I. R. (1911)  SEPT.

Comox-Atlin | Atlin (47)  (1911)

Comox-Atlin | Atlin 48 | Naas  | Nishga (Nisga’a), Tsimshian (1911)

Comox-Atlin |  Atlin 49 | Kimsquit | Bella Coola, Dene, Itimaat (Haisla) (1911)

Comox-Atline | Atlin 50, Comox-Atlin  (1911)   SEPT.

Comox-Atlin |  Atlin 49 | Kimsquit | Bella Coola, Dene, Itimaat  (1911)

 

Kootenay | Indian Reserves | Kootenay, Shuswap (1911)  SEPT.

 

Yale-Cariboo |  Lytton Indian Agency, Yale-Cariboo (1911)  SEPT.

Yale – Cariboo | Okanagan, Sqilxw, Syilx (1911)

 

 

Manitoba


Brandon | Oak Indian Reserve | Dakota, Cree (1911)

 

Dauphin  |  Manitowapak Indian Reserve | Ojibway (1911)

Dauphin  |  Pelly Agency Census Surnames | Saulteaux (1911)

 

Portage La Prairie | Long Plain Indian Reserve | Sioux (1911)

 

Selkirk | Clandeboye,  Selkirk | Cree, Metis, Saulteaux (1911)   SEPT.

Selkirk | Fisher River Indian Reserve | Cree, Metis, Saulteaux (1911)   OCT.

 

Macdonald | Swan Lake Indian Reserve | Chippewa (1911)

 

Marquette | Waywayseecappos  | Saulteaux, Cree, Sioux (1911)

 

Provencher | Rossean I.R.  | Chippewa (1911)  SEPT.

 

 

New Brunswick


Carlton | Woodstock I.R. | Maliseet (1911)

 

Kent | Weldford | Mi’kmaq (1901)    OCT.

Kent | Weldford | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Kings & Albert | South Western  | Maliseet (1911)

 

Northumberland | Alnwick  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Northumberland | Alnwick | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Restigouche | Mi’kmaq (1901)    OCT.

Restigouche | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Sunbury & Queen | South Western I.R.  | Maliseet (1911)

 

Victoria Perth | Cree, Maliseet (1901)

 

Victoria & Carleton | Perth Tobique 44 | Maliseet (1921)  OCT.

Victoria & Carleton | Perth Tobique 45 | Maliseet (1921)  OCT.

Victoria -Madawaska | Tobique  Indian Reserve | Maliseet (1911)

 

York | South Western Division I.R.  | Maliseet (1911)

York  | St. Mary’s | Maliseet (1901)  OCT.

 

York-Sunbury  | Fredericton |  Oromocto | Maliseet (1921)  OCT.

York-Sunbury | Fredericton |  St.Mary’s, Kingsclear | Maliseet (1921)      OCT.

 

Newfoundland and Labrador


(Labrador formerly Northwest Territories)

Northwest Territories | Rigolet Census Surnames | Inuit, Metis (1911)

Northwest Territories | North West Post | Metis (1911)

 

 

Northwest Territories


(except for Labrador area – see Newfoundland and Labrador)

Albany | Cree, Metis, Ojibway (1911)  SEPT.

Attawapiskat | Cree, Metis (1911)  OCT.

Beaver House | Ojibway (1911)  SEPT.

Cat Lake | Metis, Saulteaux (1911)   SEPT.

Charlton Island | Cree, Inuit, Metis  SEPT.

Churchill – | Chippewa, Cree, Inuit, Metis (1911)   SEPT.

Cross Lake Post | Cree, Metis (1911)  OCT.

Egg Island | Inuit (1911)  SEPT.

Fort Hope, Keewatin | Cree, Metis, Ojibway (1911)  OCT.

Fort Resolution |Chippewa, Metis, Slavi (1911)   SEPT.

Fort Smith | Chippewa (1911)

Grand Rapids | Metis, Indian (1911) 

Island Lake | Cree, First Nations, Metis   OCT.

Lac du Brochet | Metis, Chippewa (1911)

Lac Seul | Ojibway, Metis, Cree (1911)

Martins Falls | Fort Hope, Keewatin | NWT (1911)  SEPT.

Nelson House | Cree, Metis (1911)  OCT.

Norway House | Cree, Metis (1911)  OCT.

McKenzie Delta | Inuit (1911)  SEPT.

One Man’s Lake | Ojibway (1911)

Oxford House  | Cree, Metis (1911)

Split Lake | Cree, Metis (1911)  SEPT.

Trout Lake Post | Cree, Metis, Ojibway (1911)  SEPT.

The Pas, Cumberland, Chemawawin … | Cree (1911)  OCT.

Winisk, Albany Fort  | Cree, Metis (1911)  SEPT.

York Factory | Port Nelson, Fort Churchill | Cree, Metis, Iroquois (1911)  OCT.

York Factory |Cree, Metis (1911)  SEPT.

 

 

Nova Scotia


Annapolis | Lequille | Mi’kmaq (1901)    OCT.

Annapolis | Middleton | Mi’kmaq (1901)    OCT.

Annapolis | Middleton | Mi’kmaq (1911)    OCT.

 

Antigonish | Antigonish  I.R.  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Antigonish  | Heatherton | Mi’kmaq (1901) OCT.

Antigonish  | Tracadie | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Cape Breton | Grand Narrows | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

Cape Breton North-Victoria | Middle River I.R. | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Cape Breton South | Sydney Indian Reserve  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Colchester | Millbrook I.R. | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Digby | Bear River | Mi’kmaq (1911)  OCT.

Digby | Hillsburg | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

Digby | St. Bernard | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Guysborough | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

Guysborough | Cooks Cove | Mi’kmaq (1911) 

 

Hants | Douglas & Falmouth I.R.  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Inverness | West Bay | Mi’kmaq (1901)  Oct.

Inverness | Whycocomagh | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Inverness | Whycocomagh | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Kings | Cornwallis | Micmac I. R.  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Lunenburg | Chesley Corner |  Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Pictou |  Pictou Indian Reserve  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Pictou | Fisher Grant | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Richmond | Red Islands I.R. | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Richmond  | Red Islands | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Shelburne & Queens | Kempt | Mi’kmaq (1911)  OCT.

Shelburne & Queens |  Port Mouton | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

Shelburne & Queens | Sable River | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

Shelburne & Queens | Sable River Village  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Victoria | Little Narrows | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

 

Yarmouth | Tusket | Mi’kmaq (1901)  OCT.

Yarmouth | Yarmouth Indian Reserve | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

 

Ontario


Algoma East | Brunswick | Ojibway, Cree (1911) 

Algoma East | Chapleau I.R.  | Ojibway (1911)

Algoma East | Gore Bay  | Ojibway (1911)

Algoma East | Manitowaning | Ojibway (1911)

Algoma East | New Post  | Ojibway, Metis (1911)

Algoma East | Severn Post| Cree (1911)

Algoma East | Thessalon  | (1911)

 

Algoma West | English River  | Ojibway, Metis (1911)

Algoma West | Garden River I.R.   (36) | Ojibway (1911)

Algoma West | Garden River I.R. (37)| Ojibway (1911)

 

Brant | Tuscarora (26) | Oshweken | Six Nations, Chippewa (1911)

Brant | Tuscarora (27) | Six Nations, Metis (1911)

Brant | Tuscarora (28)  | Six Nations, Metis (1911)

Brant | Tuscarora (35) | Six Nations I.R. | Tuscarora

 

Bruce North | Cape Croker I.R. | Ojibway (1911)

Bruce North | Saugeen| Ojibway (1911)

 

Haldimand  (50) | Indian Reserves | Chippewa – Mohawk (1911)

Haldimand I.R. (51) | Indian Reserves |  | Oneida (1911)

Haldimand (52) | Indian Reserves | Six Nations (1911)

 

Kent East | Moraviantown | Delaware  (1911)

 

Lambton West | Sarnia | Ojibway (1911)

Lambton West | Walpole Island I.R. | Ojibway (1911)

 

Middlesex West | Chippewa I.R.  | Ojibway (1911)

Middlesex West | Muncey | Delaware  Lenape (1911)  

Middlesex West | Oneida | Iroquois Oneida (1911)

 

Nipissing | Bear Creek | Algonquin (1911) 

Nipissing | Elk Lake  | Ojibway (1911)

Nipissing | Indian Reserves | Ojibway (1911)

Nipissing | Moose Fort | Cree, Metis (1911)

 

Ontario North | Rama Township I.R.  | Ojibway (1911)

Ontario South | Scugog | Mississaugas (1911)

 

Parry Sound | Henvey Inlet | Anishinabek (1911)

 

Peterborough East   | Otonabee  | Chippewa, Metis (1911)

Peterborough West | Chemong I.R. | Ojibway (1911)

 

Renfrew North | Indian Reserve | Algonquin (1911)

 

Simcoe East | Christian Island | Ojibway (1911)

 

Thunder Bay & Rainy River | Lake Savant |Ojibway (1911) 

Thunder Bay & Rainy River | Long Lake Post  | Ojibway (1911)

Thunder Bay & Rainy River | Martin’s Falls | Ojibway (1911)

Thunder Bay & Rainy River | Nipigon House Post | Ojibway Chippewa (1911) 

Thunder Bay &  Rainy River | Pic Indian Reserve | Ojibway (1911)

Thunder Bay & Rainy River | Sturgeon Lake | Ojibway (1911)

Thunder Bay & Rainy River |  Wabigoon | Ojibway (1911)

Thunder Bay & Rainy River | White Dog Post | Ojibway (1911)

 

York North | Georgina  | Ojibway (1911)

 

 

Prince Edward Island


Prince | Indian Reserve | Mi’kmaq (1921)

Prince | Lennox Island  | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Prince | Prince West | Mi’kmaq (1901)

 

 

Quebec


Bonaventure | Mann & Restigouche | Mi’kmaq, Metis (1901)    OCT.

Bonaventure | Mann & Restigouche |  (1911)

Bonaventure | Maria | Mi’kmaq (1901)    OCT.

Bonaventure Maria I.R.   | Mi’kmaq (1911)

Bonaventure | Restigouche | Mi’kmaq (1911)

 

Chateauguay  |  Sault-St-Louis I. R. | Iroquois Mohawk (1901/1911)

 

Chicoutimi & Saguenay | Bersimis   | Innu  Montagnais (1911)

Chicoutimi & Saguenay | Pointe Blene | Innu  Montagnais (1911)

 

Deux-Montagnes | Oka Indian Reserve  | Iroquois  Mohawk

 

Huntingdon |  St. Regis | Six Nations (1901/1911)

 

Labelle | Lac Vert | Algonquin, Metis (1911) (1911)

Labelle | Lathbury | Chippewa, Metis (1911)

 

Nicolet | Becancourt  | Abenaki (1901/911)

 

Pontiac  | Nedelec Indian Reserve  | Algonquin (1911)

 

Temiscouata | Cacouna | First Nations, Maliseet (1881)  OCT.

Temiscouata | Cacouna | Maliseet (1901)  OCT.

Temiscouata | Cacouna I.R. | Maliseet (1921)  OCT.

Temiscouata | Fraserville | Maliseet (1881)  OCT.

Temiscouata | Veger Township  | Maliseet (1911)

 

Terrebonne | Ste. Lucie Doncaster | Iroquois (1911)

 

Wright | Maniwaki | Anishinabeg, Algonquin (1911)

Wright | Michomis | Algonquin  Anishinaabe (1911)

 

Yamaska | Indian Reserve  | Abenaki (1911)

Yamaska | Waswanipi  | Cree (1901/1911)

 

 

Saskatchewan


Assiniboia, Whitebear | Cree (1911)

 

Battleford | Big Island Lake, Little Island Lake | Cree (1911)  SEPT.

Battleford | Buffalo River I.R. | Chipewyan, Dene (1911)

Battleford | Canoe River – Ile a la Crosse  | Cree, Metis, Chipeweyan (1911)  SEPT.

Battleford  | Indian Reserves (50)  | Cree, Salteaux (1911)  SEPT.

Battleford | Indian Reserves  (52) | Cree  (1911)

Battleford | English River, La Plonge | [Chippewa, Cree, Metis (1911)  SEPT.

Battleford | Fond du Lac (53)  | Chipeweyan, Metis (1911)  SEPT.

Battleford | Green Lake  | Metis (1911)

Battleford | Portage La Loche I.R.  | Chipewyan, Dene (1911)

 

Prince Albert | Pelican Narrows | Cree, Metis, First Nations (1911)

 

Yukon


Fort McPherson | Metis, Inuit, First Nations (1911)

 

Lake Lafarge | First Nations, Metis (1911)

 

Moose Head Village | First Nations (1911) (1911)

 

Rampart House | Gwich’in, Inuit, First Nations (1911)

 

Selkirk Pelly Crossing | First Nations, Metis (1911) 

 

Wheaton | First Nations (1911)  

 

 

 

Related Posts

First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames | Marriage Extracts

 

March 29, 2017 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , ,

2 Comments »

  1. Has anyone come across ‘Louise Chartier’ … a Mohawk woman in the Kana-wake tribe … not sure what century. She was my great, great, great grandmother through the Lavoie family tree.

    Like

    Comment by Suzanne D. LaVoie | March 29, 2017 | Reply

  2. Morin line

    Like

    Comment by Dyann Morin | July 21, 2017 | Reply


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