A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Main Index: Native – First Peoples – Metis [Canadian Census Extracts]

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

Surnames: Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Malecite (Amelicite Maliseet), Inuit, Algonquin. Ojibway, Cree, Six Nations, Oneida, Iroquois, Mississauga, Tuscarora, Chippewa, Metis, Montagnais

This is part of a constantly updated larger project to locate surnames carried by Canadian Natives, First Peoples and Metis. In this series of posts, I list surnames found in various census documents ranging from the 19th to the 20th century. This is the  complete list of all census extracts organized by location. For specific First Nations see the indexes listed at the foot of this post.

The companion series –  Native / First Peoples / Metis Surnames of Canada – Marriage Records contains many of the same surnames as well as others.

Notes regarding nomenclature for “race”

The identified nation (e.g. Dakota, Iroquois, Metis) in each post is derived from the census form and may change from year to year according to how people self-identified at the time and/or how the census takers chose to identify them. In some cases, the generic term Indian was used by census takers and I replace this with the now preferred term of First Nations.

Individuals of mixed background (part indigenous) were sometimes called Metis and sometimes by other historical racial terms which are now considered derogatory. It’s important to understand that in later years many of those individuals in the Western provinces recorded either as Metis or with the other derogatory terms were later formally recognized as members of what is now known as the  Metis Nation.

For records using these derogatory terms,  (especially in other parts of Canada) I understand from the  Indigenous Ally Toolkit  that the term metis (with a lower case m) could also be used, however as many of those census records list smaller amounts of indigenous background (e.g. 1/4), and as there is much controversy presently as to who should or shouldn’t consider themselves metis, I have decided to  use the term Mixed Heritage.




Index: Alberta Census Extracts


Index: British Columbia Census Extracts


Index: Manitoba Census Extracts


Index: New Brunswick Census Extracts


Index: Newfoundland and Labrador Census Extracts


Index: The Territories, North West Territories and Yukon)


Index: Nova Scotia Census Extracts


Index: Ontario Census Extracts


Index: Prince Edward Island Census Extracts


Index: Quebec Census Extracts


Index: Saskatchewan Census Extracts





Index: The Abenaki in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Algonquins In Canadian Census Records


Index: The Blackfoot Confederacy In Canadian Census Records


Index: The Cree in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Innu Montagnais Naskapi in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Inuit in Canadian Census Records  NEW


Index: The Iroquois Confederacy in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Maliseet in Canadian Census Records


Index: Metis And Mixed Heritage People In Census Records  NEW


Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippewa & Saulteaux in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Sioux, Dakota/Lakota and Nakoda Stoney in Canadian Census Records






Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History





March 29, 2017 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


  1. Has anyone come across ‘Louise Chartier’ … a Mohawk woman in the Kana-wake tribe … not sure what century. She was my great, great, great grandmother through the Lavoie family tree.


    Comment by Suzanne D. LaVoie | March 29, 2017 | Reply

  2. Morin line


    Comment by Dyann Morin | July 21, 2017 | Reply

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