A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Main Index: Native – First Peoples – Metis [Canadian Census Extracts]

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

Surnames: Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Malecite (Amelicite Maliseet), Inuit, Algonquin. Ojibway, Cree, Six Nations, Oneida, Iroquois, Mississauga, Tuscarora, Chippewa, Metis, Montagnais

This is part of a constantly updated larger project to locate surnames carried by Canadian Natives, First Peoples and Metis. In this series of posts, I list surnames found in various census documents ranging from the 19th to the 20th century. This is the  complete list of all census extracts organized by location. For specific First Nations see the indexes listed at the foot of this post.

The companion series –  Native / First Peoples / Metis Surnames of Canada – Marriage Records contains many of the same surnames as well as others.


Notes regarding historical nomenclature for “race”

The identified nation (e.g. Dakota, Iroquois, Metis) in each post is derived from the census form and may change from year to year according to how people self-identified at the time and/or how the census takers chose to identify them. In some cases, the generic term Indian was used by census takers and I replace this with one of the now preferred term of First Nations.

Individuals of mixed background (part indigenous) were sometimes called Metis and sometimes by other historical racial terms which are now considered derogatory. It’s important to understand that in later years many of those individuals in the Western provinces recorded either as Metis or with the other derogatory terms were later formally recognized as members of what is now known as the  Metis Nation.

For records using these derogatory terms,  (especially in other parts of Canada) I understand from the  Indigenous Ally Toolkit  that the term metis (with a lower case m) could also be used, however as many of those census records list smaller amounts of indigenous background (e.g. 1/4), and as there is much controversy presently as to who should or shouldn’t consider themselves metis, I have decided to  use the term Mixed Heritage.




Index: Alberta Census Extracts


Index: British Columbia Census Extracts


Index: Manitoba Census Extracts


Index: New Brunswick Census Extracts


Index: Newfoundland and Labrador Census Extracts


Index: The Territories, North West Territories and Yukon)


Index: Nova Scotia Census Extracts


Index: Ontario Census Extracts


Index: Prince Edward Island Census Extracts


Index: Quebec Census Extracts


Index: Saskatchewan Census Extracts





Index: The Abenaki in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Algonquins In Canadian Census Records


Index: The Blackfoot Confederacy In Canadian Census Records


Index: The Cree in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Innu Montagnais Naskapi in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Inuit in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Iroquois Confederacy in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Maliseet in Canadian Census Records


Index: Metis And Mixed Heritage People In Census Records


Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippewa & Saulteaux in Canadian Census Records


Index: The Sioux, Dakota/Lakota and Nakoda Stoney in Canadian Census Records






Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History





March 29, 2017 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


  1. Has anyone come across ‘Louise Chartier’ … a Mohawk woman in the Kana-wake tribe … not sure what century. She was my great, great, great grandmother through the Lavoie family tree.


    Comment by Suzanne D. LaVoie | March 29, 2017 | Reply

  2. Morin line


    Comment by Dyann Morin | July 21, 2017 | Reply

  3. I want to know about Anna Mae spinner Mary martin..Anna stiles…anna spinner my great grandma ..all are kin…but hard to trace..to find out children.. Or a Grady’s spinner…


    Comment by Teresa Ann Lamendola | April 16, 2020 | Reply

    • Hello. You would need to list each woman with her husband. Then list a location and time period (even if estimated) and whatever children you do know.


      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | April 16, 2020 | Reply

  4. Hello, I was wondering if anyone knew of the parents of a ( Marie ) Louise Bélanger and a Jean-Baptiste Martin, sometimes called Jean-Baptiste Allard. We have no marriage records, but multiple baptisms for their children, and they’re both recorded as Native on multiple of them, but I’ve been looking for their parents for years, with no luck. They lived in Quebec, but moved around the province a lot. They had most of their children in the Lévis region


    Comment by J. Emond | May 27, 2020 | Reply

    • To narrow the search a bit –
      1. When is the earliest child baptized? Location, parish etc.
      2. Do you have a death year for them?


      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | May 31, 2020 | Reply

      • Their earliest child was also called Jean-Baptiste, said to be born in 1796 but no location. They have 2 other children with no baptisms found after, and then we have Marie-Louise Martin, born in 1814 in Saint-Vallier.
        We don’t have Marie-Louise’s death year, but Jean-Baptiste died in Lotbinière in 1845
        Thank you


        Comment by J. Emond | June 5, 2020 | Reply

  5. Looking for information about a Mary Elizabeth Weeks, we think she is half Mohawk, maybe Chippawa, her mother we basically know nothing about except her name is Walentine or Valuntine? Full Mohawk

    Liked by 1 person

    Comment by Tracy Conway | April 3, 2021 | Reply

  6. Hello trying to find records for Atkinson who employed by HBc married necushin


    Comment by tammy lakusta | May 13, 2021 | Reply

  7. Hello, looking for info on Abe Obey. He was my great grandfather and was from the Mi’kmaq tribe from New Brunswick. He had a daughter Ida Obey that married my grandfather Sam Guay. I’m trying for years to find their native background. He was native/French Canadian. Any info at all would make my day! Thanks in advance


    Comment by Abraham/Abe Obey | August 20, 2021 | Reply

  8. I am trying to find any information on John Peters who married Elizabeth Phillips. I know John was Mic Mac. John was born at Church Point. Thank you…


    Comment by Marlene Libby | January 30, 2022 | Reply

  9. Any one know of a Stella sunny?


    Comment by Courtney | February 5, 2022 | Reply

  10. Looking for info on Apoline Jeanveaux from the Kichesippi. Her children would have been adopted under the surname Roberts.


    Comment by Stephanie | October 27, 2022 | Reply

    • Can you give a birth date – or estimate?


      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | October 27, 2022 | Reply

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