A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

French Canadian Pioneers: The Petits of Quebec

Index: Early French Canadian Pioneers of Quebec

Index: Filles du Roi

QUEBEC SURNAMES: Petit + Billy, Brunet, Chesnay, Crete, Desnaguetz, Dupuy, Filles du Roi, Gautier, Niel, Petit Native Metis NB, Pinguet LOCATIONS: Dompierre-sur-Mer, Quebec, St=Pierre-les-Becquets, Montreal, Paris, France | Vintage postcard of St-Pierre-les-Becquets, Quebec, the dock


Alexandre Petit | Marie Dat

September 8th, 1647 Dompierre-sur-Mer

[Occ. merchant]


Charles Petit / Livilliers | Marie-Madeleine Gautier de Varennes

August 29th, 1694 Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. mil., troupes de la Marine]

[Baptismal record]


Gaspard Petit / Labonte | Marie-Louise Pinguet

August 10th, 1687 Quebec (Hotel-Dieu)

[Occ. mil. troupes de la Marine, St-Jean]

[Baptismal record]


Jean Petit | Suzanne Dupuy

July 4th, 1701 Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. Agent for Military treasurer]

See external link below for biography.


Joseph Petit / Bruneau | Marie Chesnay

September 16th, 1675 Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. military, troupes de la Marine, Loubia]

[Genealogical notes – French]


Jacques Petit / Verneuil | Marie Niel

July 20th, 1626 Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. mil. treasurer to troupes de la Marine]

Marie Niel was a Fille du Roi (see 2nd note below)


Jean Petit / Lamarche | Marie-Amable Brunet (dit Lasabloniere)

February 17th, 1749 Montreal (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. mil., troupes de la Marine]

[Baptismal record]


Pierre Petit | Marie-Madeleine Billy

August 17th, 1761 St-Pierre-les-Becquets

[Occ. sailor]  [Baptismal notes]


Pierre Petit / Milhomme | Marie Godeau

August 6th, 1658 Ste-Anne-de-Beaupre

[Occ. draper = passementier]


Pierre Petit / St-Pierre | Marie Crete

November 11th, 1748 Quebec (Notre-Dame)

[Occ. mil., troupes de la Marine, Meloise]

[Baptismal record]


Pierre Petit / Le Petit | Catherine Desnaguetz

March 1646  Paris, France

[Occ. settler]

[Genealogical notes – French]



Delage Nicolas | Marie Petit

October 10th, 1669 Ste-Famille (Ile-d’Orleans)

Marie Petit was a Fille du Roi (see 2nd note below).

[Genealogical notes – French]



Variations and assorted surnames

 Aussion  –  Beauchemin  –  Bois  –  Boismorel
Briqui  –  Brodeur  –  Bruneau  –  Bruno  –  Combs
Coulange  –  Cuillerier  –  Delbec  –  DeVerneuil  –  Diel
Elivilliers  –  Etienne  – Gasse  – Gobin  –  Godin
Grandménil  –  Gravier  – Guillot  – Jean  –  Labonté
Lafierté  –  Laliberté  –  Lalumiere  – Lamarche
Lapre(e)  –  LePetit  –  Lepray  –  Levilliers  –  Livillier
Livillier(s)  –  Magarin   –  Maisonbasse  –  Milhomme
Morel  –  Nigoret  –  Nouville  –  Petitclerc  –  Petit-Vallée
Pichet  –  Rossignol  –  Saint-Michel  –  Saint-Pierre
Sinceuve  –  Vadeboncoeur  –  Verneuil  –  Veuve



This series of Early French Canadian Pioneer microposts is dedicated to the earliest settlers of Quebec. If you are new to the genealogy of French-speaking Canadians, please be aware that the earliest French settlers can also descend from the Acadian pioneers who originally settled in what are now Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. In addition, please note that any Native related links refer back to other posts citing census, marriage or other documents with indigenous or Metis individuals of that surname, however those individuals do not necessarily descend from these particular French Canadian settlers. All these posts are intended as Finding Aides – a place to find possible clues and start your own research!


Filles du Roi is the name we’ve given to about 700/800 women who emigrated from France to Quebec in the middle of the 17th century. They were called the King’s Daughters because Louis XIV (King of France) had sponsored their trips to the New World. Each Fille received her passage, a hope chest and room and board until her marriage (further reading at The Canadian Encyclopedia).

Marie Niel was a Fille du Roi. Marie was baptized  in St-Gervais Parish in Rouen (France). on June 3rd, 1652. Her parents, Robert Niel and Anne Sardine were married on August 4th, 1647 in Rouen (France). Her mother Anne Sardine had first been married to Jacques Lambert. [Baptismal record]




Related Posts

Index: Early French Canadian Pioneers of Quebec

Index: Filles du Roi

Poirier, Evelina (m. Petit, Adrien) | Cimetiere Sainte-Philomene

Core Index: Acadian & French-Canadian Genealogy & History


First Nations Census Records – Petit Surname

Mackenzie | Chippewa, Cree, Esclave, Mixed, Slavey (1901) 


First Nations Marriage Records – Petit Surname

A …  | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

HERY … | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

PETE …  | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Dec 2020

SAAG …  | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]


External Links – Military

Siege of Quebec | Land/Regular Troops |  Regiment Royal-Roussillon

Royal Roussillon Infanterie | Kronoskoff 

Troupes de la Marine | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Siege of Quebec | Colonial Troops | Troupes de la Marine


External Links

Middle-Class Merchants and Traders | Virtual Museum of New France 

PETIT, JEAN | Dictionary of Canadian Biography 

Navigation in New France | Library and Archives Canada 



Image Source 

McCord Museum, St-Pierre-les-Becquets

June 6, 2017 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s