A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

List of Wabanaki Confederacy Surnames (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, PEI, Quebec)

Introduction

This is a still growing list of surnames carried by members of the Wabanaki Confederacy.  I’ve extracted the names from my transcriptions of Canadian census and marriage records. The goal is to cover the following Wabanaki peoples:

  • the Maliseet of New Brunswick and Quebec
  • the Mi’kmaq of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, and finally
  • the Abenaki of Quebec (many still missing 🙂 )

The American Passamaquoddy and Penobscot are also Wabanaki peoples but they are not included unless they happened to appear in Canadian census or marriage records.


 

Details

Most surnames below are colour-coded orange to indicate that the surname appears on this site in the marriage or census transcripts.

Some of the orange surnames are also starred *. This means that you can click through to a post, and scroll to the bottom to see one or more direct links to First Nations or Metis information about that surname. Other surnames are coloured purple to indicate that you can click through to a surname anchor post.

Please note that many of the Wabanaki Confederacy French surnames are also carried by members of other First Nations and in particular by the Metis.

If you find a surname of interest, you can search for it on this site by:

  • clicking on any orange or purple surname if it’s starred *
  • using the search bar in the sidebar to your right which will bring up every post on the site containing that surname
  • or by consulting the First Nations marriage index
  • and finally by searching these census indexes –

Index: The Abenaki in Canadian Census Records

Index: The Maliseet in Canadian Census Records

Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records

 


Notes about Wabanaki Surnames


The Maliseet and Mi’kmaq of Eastern Canada have much shared history and partially overlapping territories in New Brunswick.

As a result, many of these surnames are shared by multiple Wabanaki nations, albeit in slightly different forms. In addition to this, there are often variations in the spelling, from region to region or even across one individual’s life from one census form to another and in their vital records.

In addition, some of the indigenous surnames originated with the Wabanaki but have evolved over time. Other non-indigenous surnames  have been acquired by the Wabanaki through inter-marriage or through the Westernization of existing indigenous surnames.

 

NS = Nova Scotia surname only

QC = Quebec surname only

 

A


Abenaki  /  Abenaquis

*Abraham 

Abram(s)

Acquin  /  Ackuin  /  Aquin

*Agnes

Alex / Alexander / Alexandre / Alex

 

*Alexis

Allan 

Alumkassek  /  Alumkasset(t)  [QC surname]

*Andre /  Andrew

Amelia

 

Anderson  

*Anderson

Annance  /  Annand  [QC surname]

Arens   [NS surname]

Arsenault   

Athanase  /  Atanase / Tenasse /  Athenace

*Antoine

Atwin  /  Anthony

Aubin  /  Aubain

*Augustine

 

 


B


Baptist(e)  / Batiste /  Alexis

*Barnaby / Barnabe /  Benarby  / Barnabi

Barriau  / Bariau(lt)   / Barrow  / Bareau /  

Barry [NS]

Bartibog(ue) /  Bartabog

 

Bartlett

*Basque  surname anchor post

Basket  / Bask(e) / Basquer 

Bastian / Bastien

Bear / Albert

*Beauchamp  [NS surname]

 

Beeler  [NS surname]

*Bellerose  [QC surname]

Benedict / Benedick  [QC surname]

Benson  [NS surname]

*Bergeron

 

*Bernard  /  Banard  / Benard / Bernerd

Berry   

Bigear

Booker

Borrow

 

Bradley  [NS surname]

Brearford

*Brillere / Briere

Brook(s)  

Brown

 

Burnaw

 

 


C


Campbell   [NS surname]

*Caplin Cab(p)elain / Capelin  / Caplain  

Charles Baptiste  

Capino  [QC surname]

Catpat  / Quatpattes

 

*Christmas

Christophe / Christopher  [NS surname]

Clare / Clair(e)   

*Clement / Clemon

Cloud  /  Claud(e)

 

Cogo  

Commeau

*Condo / Condeau

Cook

*Copage

 

Cope

Copeland

Cremeau  / Cremo  

Crimmond

 

 


D


De Gonzague /  Degonzague / Gonzague [QC surname]

Dapo

*Dadam / Dedam(e) / Desdames

Delewie / Dewey [NS surname]

*Denis / Denny / Dennie / Dennis / Denys / Tenass

 

Desbian (Desbiens in QC?)

Desbrow  

Descoteaux  [QC surname]

Dauphenais / Dauphinais  [QC surname]

Delagrave  [QC surname]

 

Desilais

*Devoe  / Deveau

Doctor 

Doherty   

Dominique / Domini(c)k(e) / Domnick

 

Dostie  

Doucet(te)  /  Doucey / Dousay  [NS surname]

Doyle   

Duffy

Duncan

 

 


E


Ellis(e) /  Ellice

Emelie  

Emmet(t)  [QC surname]

Enahomeh   [QC surname]

Ennis   /   Innis

 

 


F


Ferguson  

Francis  /  Frances   /  Fransis  /  Francois

Fraser  /  Frazer  /  Frazier   

Freeman

 

 


G


Gabe

*Gabriel  / Gabrial   

*Gedeon

*Germain(e)

Gill  [QC surname]

 

Gin(n)ish  /  Gan(n)ish

Glaude  /  Glode  / Gload  / Glade

*Godins / Gaudin

Gonyea  [NS surname]

 

Googoo  

Gool  [NS surname]

Gorman  

Gould    

Groslouis  [QC surname]

 

Graham   

Gray

 

 


H


Hamilton  

Hammond  [NS surname]

Hannis  [QC surname]

Hardison  

Hasinis  [QC surname]

 

Harel  

Harqou    

Hastley   

Hatty

Helzalabonlith [QC surname]

 

Hill

Homan 

Howe  [NS surname]

Hurney  [NS surname]

Hush [QC surname]

 

 


I


Ilios

Innis  /  Ennis   

Inawolet  [QC surname]

Insadaquis  /  Insadoquis  [QC surname]

Isaac / Isaacs

 

Isidore  [NS surname]

 

 


J


Jabor  [NS surname]

Jacques   

Jades  

Jaddon  [NS surname] 

Jarvis

 

Jerard / (Gerard?)

Jeremy   

*Jerome

Joachim   

Joe

 

Johament    

Johnson

Johnstone [NS surname]

Jones 

Joseph

 

Joudry  [NS surname]

*Julian / Julien

 

 


K


Kane

Kennedy   

Knishis

Knockdown  / Nockwood / Nocout(re) / No Good

 

 


L


Labaube / Labobe

Labauve / Labove 

Labillois

Labrador   

Lafford

  

*Laforge

Lagasse  / Lagace   

Lagrave [QC surname]

Lamquin  

Laperriere [QC surname]

 

Laport(e)

Laroach  [NS surname]

Laroque  

Larry / Lary  

Launiere

 

*Laurent [QC surname]

*Lavigne

Leamis [QC surname]

*Leblanc

Levi

 

Levine  [NS surname]

Lewis   

Lightizer

Lockwood  

Lola / Lolar

 

Long  [NS surname]

Louis / Loui / Louise

Louisote  

Lucobie / Lacobie

Lucy

 

 


M


MacIsaac [NS surname]

Magdalen / Madglon   

Maloney   

Marble / Marbel

*Marchand

  

Marshal(l) / Marshel

*Martin

Masta

Mather  

Matthew(s)  /  Mathieu

 

Maurice  [NS surname]

McCann

McDonald

McEwan  [NS surname]

McGregor

 

McKenzie

McLark  [NS surname]

McLean  [NS surname]

McLeod [NS surname]

Meagher

 

*Metallic / Metallique 

Methot   

Metzalabanleti  [QC surname]

Meuse / Musie / Muis(e) / Mews  / Muse

Michael(s)

*Michel

Miller  / Milliea  /  Millier  / Millar   

Mitchel(l) /  Michil

Moise  / Moses

Moffat

  

Molly / Molley / Moly  / Molie  / Molis   

Moore  

Moose   

Morris  /  Morse

*Morrison

Mor(r)is(s)on

 

Moulton  /  Molton 

Msadoquis  /  Msadaquis  [QC surname]

 

 


N


Nagozoa  /  Nagajoa / Nagojoa /  Nagageois  [QC surname]

Naphi(e)   

Napier  

Nash

Nawy / Navie

 

Naven  

Neales   

Nepton

Nevin  [NS surname]

*Noel  / Newel  /  Newall

 

Nibby  [NS surname]

Nic(h)olas / Nickles  / Nicoles / Nichols  

Niven  

*Nolet / Nolette (Wawanolett)

 

 


O


Obomsawin  /  Obumsawine [QC surname]

Ouimet(te) / Wilmet

 


P


Panadis  [QC surname]

Pakigan Pakyan   [QC surname]

Pao  [NS surname]

*Paquett(e)  [QC surname]

Patlas  / Patlais  / Patelis

*Paul / Peter Paul

Peck   

Pelley

Pelkey

Pennall  [NS surname]

 

Penny  [NS surname]

Perley

*Perrault  /  Perro / Perot

Peter

Phil(l)ip(s)

 

*Pictou  /  Picton / Pictoe

Pierre / Pierro

Plante  [QC surname]

Poltais

*Pominville / Somerville

 

Por(t)neuf   [QC surname]

*Prisk / Prisque

Polchies  / Paulsis  / Polches / Polchas / Poultchous

Poulette / Pulet(te) / Pullot / Paullet

Prosper(e)

 

 


Q


Quash  

Quatrepat(t)es  / Catpat 

Quisote

 

 


R


*Rainville / Ranville  [QC surname]

Regis  

Reimuller   

Rene [QC surname]

Renou(s)

 

Richard   

Reynolds  [NS surname]

Ritchie  /  Ritchy

Robert(s)

Robinson  [NS surname]

 

 


S


Sabat(t)is / Sabadis / Sebat(t)is / Shebatis  / Labat(t)is

Sadoques  / Sadoquis / Soderquis  [QC surname]

Sanepass   

Sack  /  Sock

Sacobie

 

Safries / Safried   [NS surname]

Salom   [NS surname]

Saloon  [NS surname]

Sappier / Lappier

Sapien  [NS surname]

 

Sark   

Saulis  / Solis / Saulas 

Sayers

Sewell

Sharp  [NS surname]

 

Sillaboy / Sillieboy  / Syl(e)boy / Sylaboye  / Syliboy 

Simon  / Simond  / Simmon

Smith  

Safries

Sapier  /  Sapien

 

Saulis  /  Solis

Scotchman

Snake  

Sock  / Sook  / Soc  / Sack

Sockbasin

 

Solar  / Lolar   

Solomon  

Somerville / Pominville

Soulis / Saulis 

Soupier  / Supere 

 

St Aubin  [QC surname]

St Pere  

Stephan(s)  /   Stephen(s)  /  Stevens

Swanson

Syers

 

Symond

 

 


T


Tahamont [QC]

Tenass   /  Tanas  /  Tannas(s)  / Thanas

*Thomas   /  Tomas   /  Tomer

Thom  /  Tom  

Tonbarge  [NS surname]

 

Toney  / Tonie  / Tony

*Tremblay

 

Tuplin  [NS surname]

Tynan

 

 


V


Vadam   

Vilandry / Vilandre [QC surname]

*Vincent  [QC surname]

Vicaire

 

 


W


Ward   

Wadso / Wodso / Watso  [QC surname]

Wawanolett  (Nolette)

Whitely  [NS surname]

Wianabe

 

Williams  

Wilmot  

Wiouche / Wyouche /  Oxouette

Wiseman

 

 


Y


Young / Yong

 

 


Z


Zink   [NS surname]

 


 

 

Related Posts

Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames | Marriage Extracts

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames | Census Extracts

Index: The Maliseet in Canadian Census Records

Index: The Mi’kmaq in Canadian Census Records

 

 

External Links

1881 Census of Canada

1901 Census of Canada

1911 Census of Canada

1921 Census of Canada

Vital Records – New Brunswick

Vital Records – Nova Scotia

Vital Records – Prince Edward Island

Vital Records – Quebec (partially free)

 

October 17, 2018 - Posted by | . | , , , , ,

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