A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: The Abenaki in Canadian Census Records

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

Main Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames | Census Extracts

Abenakis Abenaquis Surnames and genealogy

This is where I place links for extracts of census records for the Abenaki in Canada. The Abenaki belong to the Wabanaki Confederacy which also includes (in Canada)  the Maliseet of Quebec and New Brunswick and the Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick. The Canadian Abenaki are a less populous people and are centered only in southern Quebec.

Please note that the records were created by settlers so they followed settler naming practices and applied new location names.

I wish to acknowledge (as a settler) that these were traditional territories

that were already inhabited and named by indigenous peoples.

Each census link below leads to a post with a list of the surnames carried by the Abenaki in a single given subdistrict at one point in time. Where technically possible, I’ve linked to each surname individually. Where I couldn’t do that I’ve made a  link to the subdistrict. In all cases I’ve linked only to records that you can access free of charge.

I have also listed some Abenaki-related Surname Anchor posts down below. Each of these posts collects all the information for a given surname that appears on this blog.

If you are looking for Abenaki marriages, then you can also consult the  Index of Native, First Peoples and Metis Surnames which includes a selection of extracts from Abenaki marriage records as well as couples listed as parents on baptismal certificates or the marriage records of their offspring.


QC | Chicoutimi & Saguenay, Unorg. Terr.  newly indexed

QC | Nicolet | Becancour (1881)

QC | Nicolet-Yamaska |  St-Thomas-de-Pierreville  (1881)


ON | Nipissing, Cartier M | (1901)  newly indexed

QC | Bonaventure | Mann & Restigouche  (1901)

QC | Chicoutimi & Saguenay | Ouiatchouan (1901)

QC | Nicolet | Becancour I.R.   (1901)

QC | Yamaska |  St-Francois   (1901)


QC | Chicoutimi & Saguenay | Pointe Blene (1911)

QC | Nicolet |  Becancourt Wolinak  (1911)

QC | Yamaska | St-Francois de Sales I. R.   (1911)


QC | Nicolet | Becancourt I.R.   (1921)

QC | Yamaska | St Francois R, Odanak  (1921)


Aubin / St. Aubin

Bastien, Sebastien




Denis, St. Denis    Feb 2023









Nolet, Wawanolett


Phillips  –  Picard


Robert, Roberts

Thomas   newly indexed


Related Posts

Main Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames | Census Extracts

Wabanaki Confederacy Surnames | Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi’kmaq

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History

External Links

Abenaki | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Abenaki Museum | Odanak

Fort Odanak | Virtual Museum

Abenaki People | Britannica

Code: Index


October 18, 2018 - Posted by | . | , , ,


  1. I was told my family comes from the Abenaki but dont know how to find whether my surname has any relevance to that. My surname is Mosher previous Mongeau


    Comment by Rene Goguen | July 20, 2020 | Reply

    • There are Mongeau lines but not all of them. You have to do your geneology it’s the only way to figure it out.


      Comment by Anon | September 17, 2022 | Reply

      • Unfortunately I hit a brick wall in my search. I do know that my grandfather was a Mongeau, he professed to be Abenaki so I just don’t know where the line melded.


        Comment by Rene Goguen | September 17, 2022 | Reply

        • Hello,
          If you know the names of your grandparents (and hopefully their parents) and their marriage date & location, then it should be fairly straightforward to get back to about the 1921 census documents. There aren’t usually public “lists” of who belongs to certain nations, but you can piece together the background by looking through the census records. When Anon says that “you need to do your genealogy” that’s what he/she means. To search through marriage,death,baptism and census records for clues you generally need the names of a married couple as a start. I will also say that frequently when the specific link is unknown it’s because it is coming though a female line who may be of mixed parentage and of course will have a different maiden name. In conclusion, to begin your search you would need an ancestor individual or couple who existed at the time of the 1921 census. From that you will get further clues.
          Good luck with your search,


          Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | September 22, 2022 | Reply

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