A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Metis And Mixed Heritage People In Census Records



This is where I’m collecting links to my census posts that contain individuals who are referred to as mixed, metis or with other terms that are now considered derogatory. For those who are unaware , in Canada the term metis is used in different ways in different settings and time periods. Presently, the term Metis with a capital M refers to one of three founding peoples of Canada (the First Nations, the Inuit and the Metis Nation). Most (but not all) of those officially recognized as Metis are in the Canadian West, however they are not always described that way in earlier census documents. For that reason, I have often used the more neutral term Mixed.



Notes for beginners

  • The original census records often contain  much more detailed information.  For example, older records in certain parts of Canada will indicate that a person is half First Nations and half Scottish, English or French. In some cases they’ll even indicate when there is a 1/4 mixture.
  • In some returns I’ve occasionally noticed that the children of a mixed heritage couple are listed with the father’s ethnicity. This might be because the children are from a former marriage but it does  bear investigation if you can’t find your ancestors.
  • Remember that in subsequent census returns in most of Canada, the grandchildren of mixed heritage couples are usually absorbed into one community or the other for “labelling” purposes.
  • If you know where your ancestors were from or the Nation they were affiliated with, you may find it easier to consult the  Main Index: Native – First Peoples – Metis  which lists all of the indexes by region and by nation. If you’re looking by region please remember that for Western Canada you’ll need to check provincial records but also the Territories, the North West Territories and the Yukon.
  • If you’re completely new to this type of genealogy, I’d like to mention that many of the names exist in both French and English version (e.g. King = Roy). Also the same individual can be listed by their First Nations name in one census, and some Westernized equivalent in another.




Albany  NWT  | Agumiska Island, Fort Hope, Osnaburg | Cree, Mixed, Ojibway (1911)

Athabaska Landing  TERR  AB  | Mixed (1901)

Attawapiskat   NWT | Cree, Metis (1911)

Attawapiskat  NWT  | Winisk, Albany Fort, Keewatin | Cree, Metis (1911)



Battleford  TERR  SK  | Cree, Saulteaux, Stoney, Mixed (1901)

Beaumont  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)

Big Stick Lake (TERR ASSSIN. | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

Birch River  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Blood Reserve  TERR AB | Blackfoot, Cree, Mixed (1901)

Brancepeth  TERR SK | Mixed (1901)

Butler TERR SK  | Mixed, First Nations (1901)



Calgary West  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)

Canoe River, Ile a la Crosse  SK  | Cree, Mixed, Chipeweyan (1911)

Carleton Agency  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed, Sioux (1) (1901)

Cat Lake  NWT  | Mixed, Saulteaux (1911)

Cedar Lake | Cree, Mixed (1910)  NEW

Charlton Island   NWT | Nicheguon – Ungava Unorganized Territory | Cree, Inuit, Mixed (1911)

Churchill  NWT  | North River, Big Nose Hill, Big Ridge, Sandy Ridge | Chippeweyan, Cree, Inuit (Eskimo), Mixed (1911)

Clandeboye Agency, Selkirk  MB  | Anishinabe, Cree, Mixed, Saulteaux (1911)

Clover Bar  TERR AB  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Cold Lake (Frog Lake, Long Lake)  AB  | Chipeweyan, Cree, Mixed (1911)

Creuzot  TERR AB  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Crooked Lake Agency  TERR ASSI. | Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboine, Mixed (1901)  NEW

Cross Lake Post  NWT  | Cree, Mixed (1911)


Devil Lake | Mixed (1901)  NEW

Duhamel  TERR AB | Mixed (1901)

Dunmore  TERR ASSIN.  | Mixed (1901)  NEW



East End  TERR  ASSI. | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Edmonton Agency  TERR AB  | Cree, Mixed, Salteaux, Stony, Iroquois (1901)

Edmonton  TERR AB  | Cree, Stoney, Iroquois, Salteaux, Mixed (1901)

Edmonton East   TERR AB | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Edmonton West  TERR AB  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Edmonton West  AB  | Cree, Mixed (1921)

Edmonton 46  AB  | Beaver, First Nations, Mixed  (1911)

Edmonton I.R.  AB | Cree, Iroquois, Mixed, Stony (1911)



Egg Lake  TERR AB  | Mixed Cree (1901)

Egg Lake  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

Egg Lake TERR SK | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

English River  ON | Ojibway, Mixed (1911)

English River, Clear Lake, Canoe Lake, La Plonge  SK  | Chippeweyan, Cree, Mixed (1911)


Feldman Lake | Mixed (1901)  NEW

Ferndale | Mixed (1901)  NEW

File Hills  TERR ASSIN. | Mixed (1901)  NEW

Fond du Lac  SK  | Chipeweyan, Mixed (1911)

Fort Hope, Keewatin  NWT  | Cree, Mixed, Ojibway (1911)

Fort McPherson  YK  | Mixed, Inuit (1911)

Fort Saskatchewan  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)

Fort Resolution  NWT | Chipeweyan, Mixed, Slavi (1911)

Foster  TERR ASSIN. | Mixed (1901)  NEW


Grand Rapids TERR | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Grand Rapids  NWT  | Mixed, First Nations (1911)

Green Lake I.R.   SK | Mixed (1911)



Halcro TERR | Mixed (1901)  NEW


Island Lake  NWT  | Cree, First Nations, Mixed



Keewatin  C5   TERR UNORG. | Ojibway, Cree, Mixed (1901)

Keewatin  C7  TERR UNORG.  | Mixed, Ojibway, Swampy Cree (1901)

Kranzberg  TERR. ASSI. | Mixed (1901)  NEW


Labrador Rigolet  NWT  | Inuit, Mixed (1911)

Lac du Brochet  NWT  | Mixed, Chippewa (1911)

Lac Sainte-Anne | Cree Mixed, Iroquois Mixed (1901)

Lac Seul  NWT  | Ojibway, Mixed, Cree (1911)

Lac Vert  QC | Algonquin, Mixed (1911)

Lake Labarge  YK  | First Nations, Mixed (1911)

Lake La Ronge   TERR SK | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Lake La Ronge   TERR SK | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Lamoureux   TERR AB | Mixed (1901)

Lathbury  QC  | Chippewa, Mixed (1911)

Logan  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed, Chip. Mixed (1901)


Mann & Restigouche  QC  | Mi’kmaq, Mixed, Abenaki (1901)

Meadow Lake  TERR SK  | Mixed (1901)

Meota  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Michomis  QC  | Algonquin, Mixed, First Nations (1911)

Millet   TERR AB | Mixed (1901)

Mistawasis | Mixed (1901)  NEW

Moisie  QC  | Innu, Montagnais, Metis (1911)

Moose Fort  ON  | Cree, Mixed (1911)

Montreal Lake  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Moose Lake  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed, First Nations (1901)

Mountain Mill  TERR AB  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Mossy Portage  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Muskowpehung & File Hills  TERR ASSIN. | Assin., Cree, Mixed, Salteaux, Sioux (1901)



Nelson House  NWT  | Cree, Mixed (1911)

New Norway  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed, Mixed (1901)

North West Post   NWT LAB | Inuit, Innu, Mixed (1911)

Norway House   NWT | Cree, Mixed (1911)



Otonabee  ON  | Chippewa, Mixed (1901)

Oxford House   NWT | Cree, Mixed (1911)


Pakan  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)

Pelican Narrows  SK  | Cree, Mixed (1911)

Pincher Creek  TERR AB  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Pine Bluff  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Priddis  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed (one family) (1901)

Prince Albert North  TERR SK  | Sioux , Mixed, Cree (1901)


Rabbit Hills  TERR  AB  | Mixed (1901)

Red Deer  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed (1901)

Rigolet, Hamilton Inlet   QC  | Inuit, Mixed (1921)

Rupert House   QC | Cree, First Nations, Mixed (1921)



Saddle Lake  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed (1901)

Saddle Lake, Whitefish Lake  NWT | Cree, Mixed, Chipewayan (1901)

Saskatoon East  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Selkirk, Fisher River  MB  | Cree, Mixed, Saulteaux, Ojibwe Ojibway (1911)

Selkirk Pelly Crossing  YK  | First Nations, Mixed (1911)

Severn Post  ON | Cree, Mixed (1911)

Shellbrook TERR SK  | Mixed (1901)  NEW

Split Lake  NWT   | Cree, Mixed (1911)

Spruce Grove  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)

Spy Hill | Mixed (1901)  NEW


St. Albert   TERR AB | Mixed (1901)

St. Catherine  TERR SK  | Mixed, Sioux (1901)

Ste Emerence   TERR AB | Metis, Mixed (1901)

St Leonard TERR  SK | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

St Louis TERR SK | Cree, Mixed (1901) NEW

St Michael  TERR SK | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

St. Pierre  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed (1901)


Stand Off  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)

Steep Creek | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

Stony Lake | Cree, Mixed (1901) NEW

Sturgeon River  TERR SK  | Cree, Mixed (1901)



Tail Creek  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed, Mixed

Thynne Flat  TERR ASSI.  | Cree, Mixed (1901)

Trout Lake Post (Keewatin) NWT  | Cree, Ojibway, Mixed (1911)

Tuscarora 28  ON  | Six Nations, Iroquois, Mixed (1911)

Two Lakes  TERR AB  | Mixed (1901)


Ungava  TERR UNORG.  | Cree, Inuit, Mixed (1921)

Ungava 1  TERR UNORG.  | Cree, Inuit (1901)


West Eagle Quill Lake | Cree, Mixed (1901)  NEW

Westbourne  MB  | Cree, Red Lake, Swampy Cree, Mixed (1901)

West Sask Landing | Cree, Chippawa, Mixed (1901)  NEW

Wetaskiwin  TERR AB   | Cree Mixed (1901)

Whitefish Lake  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed (1901)

White Whale Lake  TERR AB  | Cree Mixed (1901)

Willoughby | Cree, Mixed (1901) NEW

Whitford  TERR AB  | Mixed Cree, Mixed, First Nations (1901)

Wood Mountain TERR ASSIN. | Sioux, Mixed (1901) NEW


York Factory NWT  | Cree, Mixed (1911)

York Factory  NWT  | Port Nelson, Fort Churchill, Hudson Bay Railway | Cree, Mixed, Iroquois (Caughnawaga)




List of Metis Surnames of Ontario

Main Index: Native – First Peoples – Metis [Canadian Census Extracts]

Core Index: First Peoples Genealogy and History




October 18, 2019 - Posted by | . | ,

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