A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Atkinson |  Cree, Metis, Mixed: Algonquin, Scottish, French | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts


Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my own research throughout the years and so it remains a work-in-progress!

 


SURNAME NOTES  |  ATKINSON


  • Surname lists:  Surname Anchor Posts, Metis (ON)
  • Regions: Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Northwest Territories, Ontario, Western Canada
  • Ethnicity: Cree, Metis, Mixed-heritage: Algonquin Scottish, Mixed-heritage: French
  • Associated surnames: Anderson, Arcus, Belanger, Blandion, Chilton, Clark, Constant, Corbiere, Dorion, Favel,  Fidler, Flett, Guillaume, Gunn, Henderson, House, Huppe, Jacco, Jocko, Kelly, Kipling, Lambert,  Marron, McCloud, McDonald, McKenzie, Mcnabb, Mervyn,  Moore, Morisette, Morrisette, Morwick, Rivers, Robertson, Sanderson, Sinclair, Swain, Tanguay, Villeneuve.
  • Misc: 
  • 1.  The Metis Atkinsons descend from Englishman George Atkinson, Hudson Bay Company’s chief factor in Eastmain, Quebec and his First Nations wife. ” Thomas Moore, master at Eastmain, found Atkinson “a Very Worthy Man” and had him hunt, fish, and carry letters to Moose Factory (Ont.) and Albany, as well as care for the sloop. When Moore went to England in late 1772, Atkinson took charge of Eastmain as well as of its sloop. His 1772–73 journal suggests that he was on cordial terms with the Indians.” Atkinson flouted the rules and united with a First Nations woman named Necushin and the couple had three children (2 sons and 1 daughter). The union was eventually recognized as a “country marriage” and Atkinsons sons served in the HBC” [Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, link below].
  • 2.   Their son George (Sneppy) Atkinson had two wives: Margaret Mabeswaywenid and Margaret Winnepaig / Osaquai. Both wives were Cree. Their married offspring included:  Betsy Atkinson (m. Alexander Birston), Charlotte Atkinson (m. Charles Fidler), George Atkinson, Jr. (m. Nancy Kipling), Henry Atkinson (m. Scholastique Villeneuve), John Atkinson (m. Margaret Flett and Mathilda Gunn), Joseph Atkinson (m. Sarah Lambert), Nancy Atkinson (m. Andrew Robertson), Sarah Atkinson (m. William Flett and James McCorrister), Thomas Atkinson (m. Rosalie Hamelin and Josephte / Suzette Morissette),  William Atkinson (m. Louise Unknown surname). 
  • 3. In the next generation, George Atkinson, Jr. and Nancy Kipling had the following married offspring: Catherine Atkinson (m. John Sinclair), Eleanor Atkinson (m. John Flett and John Brown), Jane Atkinson (m. William Sanderson and Peter Morwick), Mary Atkinson (m. George Morwick) and Sarah Atkinson (m. James Johnston).
  • 4. In 1872/1873 , a Canadian government survey was undertaken to determine the precise international border between Canada and the U.S.A.  Part of the survey was assisted by Metis guides and Chippewa men who were employed as scouts.  One of these scouts was John Atkinson and Margaret Flett‘s son George Atkinson. George was married to Ellen McNab (daughter of Charles McNab & Marie Anne McLeod).  [Source: The Boundary Commission’s Metis Scouts: The 49th Rangers, Larry Haag & Lawrence Barkwell]. 
  • 5.  In 1884, British General Charles Gordon was trapped in Sudan’s capital city Khartoum, so a rescue mission was organized that would involve watercraft on the River Nile. Canadian Voyageurs of Metis and First Nations background were recruited to carry out this mission. The Voyageurs succeeded in reaching Khartoum but they were too late to save Gordon as the city had already fallen to the Mahdists. John Henry Atkinson (son of John Atkinson and Margaret Flett) was one of the Metis Voyageurs. [Source: The Nile Voyageurs 1884-1885, Louis Riel Institute].
  • 6.  The 1885 North-West Resistance by the Metis and the Cree, Kainai, Piikani, Saulteaux and Siksika peoples took place against a backdrop of starvation, broken treaties and encroachment by new settlers in Saskatchewan and Alberta. The resistance fighters eventually lost and Canada’s federal government asserted its control over the area. Metis involved in the Resistance included a Philip Atkinson.  [Source: Veterans and Families of the 1885  Northwest Resistance, Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute]. 

CENSUS DISTRICTS | ATKINSON


ALBERTA

Edmonton West   |  Null  (1921)   Mar  2022

Victoria  |  Grand Rapids (1911) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Atkinsons in Nanaimo  |  Cowichan  (1921)   Mar  2022

MANITOBA

Macdonald  |  Portage La Prairie k-13 

NWT  |  Grand Rapids (1911)

Selkirk  |  St. Laurent  (1901) 

Provencher  |  Atkinsons in Provencher (1906)

Provencher  |  Portage La Prairie Swan Lake Band  (1921) 

Atkinson in Manitoba Ext. |  North Eastern Ext. (1881)   Mar  2022

ONTARIO

Nipissing  |  Mattawan Town 0(1)-1 (1901) 

Nipissing  |  Atkinsons in Mattawa  (1911)

SASKATCHEWAN

NWT  |  The Pas, Cumberland … Moose Lake  (1911)

The Territories  |  Egg Lake  (1901)

The Territories  |  Pas Agency  (1901)

The Territories  |  Pas Agency 4  (1901)

The Territories  |  Ungava  (1901)

YUKON TERRITORY

Atkinsons in Yukon Territory  |  McMillan … (1921)   Mar  2022

 


MARRIAGES  |  ATKINSON


ANAH   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]

ASAI   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]

CARI    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

COON   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

DOKIS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

F …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

G  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

HERY  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

J …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]

JACQ   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]

KASA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]

MCCU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]

MEGA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]

MOBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

R …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]

ROBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

S …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

SNOW    [CDN Marriage Extracts]

T … [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]


RELATED POSTS  |  ATKINSON


INDEXES

Main Index: Canadian Census Extracts by Region & by Nation

Index: Canadian Marriage Extracts in Alphabetical Order

EXTERNAL LINKS

Atkinson, George  [Dictionary of Canadian Biography]

Atkinson, George [Hudson’s Bay Archives]

North-West Resistance [The Canadian Encyclopedia]

Nile Expedition [The Canadian Encyclopedia]

November 15, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , ,

3 Comments »

  1. Needing to find info on Necushin please

    Like

    Comment by Tammy mannen | November 14, 2021 | Reply

    • Good morning,
      Could you leave a little more information please – location, time period and is there a particular couple that interests you?
      Evelyn

      Like

      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | November 14, 2021 | Reply

  2. One Ontario Metis lineage descends from George Atkinson (Hudson’s Bay Company, Metis) and Nancy Kipling (Metis) of the Red River Metis. George Atkinson was from Quebec (parents, George Atkinson, Englishman & Necushin, First Nations). The Atkinson line continues through his daughter Elizabeth Atkinson‘s children from her first marriage (spouse unknown)

    Like

    Comment by Tammy Lakusta | November 20, 2021 | Reply


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