A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Couteau (& var.), Jack Knife |  Metis, Blackfoot, Mixed-heritage: French / Cree, Iroquois (?) | Surname Anchor Posts

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!


  • Surname lists: Surname Anchor Posts
  • Regions:  Alberta, Quebec, Saskatchewan
  • Ethnicity:  Metis, Blackfoot, Mixed-heritage: French, Cree, Iroquois (?)
  • Associated surnames: a) Couteau Casse: Benedict, Oniaktatie,, Otsitsiakehte, Phillips, Seymour     b) Petit Couteau:   Ahkwaten, Arcand, Ayoutchow, Belanger,  Bisson,  Blandion,  Calder,  Chalifoux,  Desjarlais,  Dion,  Eskoa-Nas-kas,  Fayant,  Godin,  Kane-we-pe-nisk,  Kiske-pe-wa-pisk, Larocque,  Mis-Ta-Oasis / Mis-ta-wasis,,  Mongrain, Okimaw / Oteyanig, Papaschess, Paquette, Piqesimowap, Poisson Blanc / Whitefish, Quinns / Kwenis, Rowand.
  • Misc.:  
  • 1. Among the western Canadian Metis, the surname Jacknife, Jack knife (& var.) can be an anglicized version of Petit Couteau. I came across this very informative article by Jessie Loyer (interview of Darrell Loyer) discussing the importance of recognizing indigenous knowledge (and settler errors) regarding these surname changes – Talking with My Daughter About Archives: Metis Researchers and Genealogy.
  • 2.  Couteau Casse can be translated literally from the French as “broken knife”. Eric Pouliot-Thisdale  (speaking of Kahnawa:ke) places Ignace Couteau Casse in a list of one time circus performers and suggests that several Kahnawa:ke surnames might originate from that background. The surname Couteaucasse / Vincent  (m. Seymour) and Couteaucasse / Vincent / Kase (m. Andre Oniakatie / Benedict) are found in Kahnawake registers.



North District  |  Jack Knives in 02 (1906) *Ethnicity not recorded

The Territories  |  Duhamel  (1901)  Couteaus

The Territories  |  Tail Creek  (1901)

Victoria  |  Grand Rapids (1911)

Jackknifes in Stratchcona  |  Camrose  (1911)

Jacknifes in Strathcona  |  15 & 19b  (1906]  *Ethnicity not recorde

Jack Knifes in Edmonton West  |  Lesser Slave Lake Agency (1921)    May 2022 

Knifes in MacLeod  |  Blood Agency, Indian Reserve (1921)   May 2022


Sault-St-Louis | Laprairie (1881)  Couteaukase

Sault St. Louis |  Chateauguay (1901)  Couteaucasse

Sault St. Louis | Laprairie & Napierville (1911)  Couteaucasse


The Territories  |  Egg Lake (1901)


BENA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]  Couteaucasse

C …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Petit Couteau

CARI   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Petit Couteau

DELM   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Petit Couteau

M …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip] Petit Couteau

MOBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Petit Couteau

OKAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Couteaucasse, Petitcouteau

P …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Petit Couteau

PETE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Petit Couteau

Q …    CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Petit Couteau

SAUN  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]  Couteaucasse



Main Index: Canadian Census Extracts by Region & by Nation

Index: Canadian Marriage Extracts in Alphabetical Order


Dubois’ Maternal Roots In Kahnawake

December 2, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , , , ,

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