A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Spence, Spencer | Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Saulteaux,  Zismskian (?) , Mixed-heritage: French, English, Cree, Scottish | Surname Anchor Posts

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!






  • Surname lists: Metis , Iroquois, Surname Anchor Posts
  • Regions:  Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Western Canada
  • Ethnicity:  Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Saulteaux,  Zismskian (?) , Mixed-heritage: French, English, Cree, Scottish
  • Associated surnames:   Spence   Adams, Asham, Assanank, Begg, Belhumeur / Bellehumeur, Bird, Birston, Briere / Bruyere, Brown, Bruce, Campbell, Cayen, Charles, Cook, Corrigal,  Cusitar / Cuslev, Denning /  Dunning, Ducharme, Erasmus, Favel,  Fidler, Fisher / Sauteuse, Flett, Folster, Gardiner, Garneau, Garrioch, Gorre, Grisdale, Groat / Grott, Hallett, Henderson, Howse / House, Hughes, Inkster, Isbester,  Kikosens, Kippling,  Lacouette, Lavasseur / Levasseur, Lawson, Lewis / Louis, Linklater, McCorrister, McKay, McNabb, Mercredi, Michaud, Monkman, Montour, Morwick, Mousseau, Mowat, Nepinak, Pantchin / Pakken, Pantchin / Pakken, Paquin, Patenaude, Parisien, Peebles, Poitien, Pruden, Richard, Riggs, Roulette, Sabiston, Sandiston, Setter, Sinclair, Smith, Stevenson, Sutherland, Swain, Tait, Taylor, Todd, Trottier, Ward, Wells, Whitford, Williams, Wilson, Wishart, Young.  Spencer   Elmore, Field, Garton, Gilmour, Kugler, Lynch, McKenzie, McLaren, Sinclair, Small, Tait, Taylor.
  • Misc.:  Spence   The Red River Metis Spence descend from Orkneyman George John Spence and his Swampy Cree wife Catherine Tche-tchit.   2. Catherine Spence (foremother of the recognized Ontario Metis Begg-Spence lineage), descended from these Red River Spences.  Spencer   The Red River Spencers descend from Englishman John Hodges Spencer and his Metis wife Anne Sinclair through their offspring: Charles Alexander Spencer (m. Sarah Ann Elizabeth Truthwaite),  John Robert Spencer (m. Ann Jane Phair),  Miles Spencer (m. Edith McLaren),  Rupert Spencer (m. Mary Ann Ross),  William Spencer (m. Carolyn Small),  Mary Elizabeth Spencer (m. John Garton), Sarah Spencer (m. Joseph William Cartwright).





Duhamel  | The Territories (1901)  Spence

Edmonton   (1901) Spencer

Macleod Rural District | The Territories (1901)  Spence

Pakan | The Territories  (1901)  Spence



Atlin (46)   |  Comox-Atlin  |  (1911)   Spence

Atlin  (49)  |  Comox-Atlin  |   (1911)  Spense / Spencer

Naas I. A. (48) |  Comox-Atlin  (1911)  Spencer

Yale West |  Yale & Cariboo (1901)  March 2021

Kamloops Indian Agency | First Nations (1911)  March 2021



Portage La Prairie |  MacDonald (1901)  Upd. March 2021

Berens River | Selkirk (1901)  Spencer

Crooked Lake Agency | Assiniboia Territory (1901) Spencer

St. Andrews  |  Selkirk  (1901)   Spences

St. Andrews  |  Selkirk  (1901)  Spencers

Oak Point | Macdonald (1911)  April 2021


Clandeboye Agency  |  Selkirk  (1911)  Spence

Cross Lake Post |  Northwest Territories (1911)  Spence

Fisher River I.R.  | Selkirk  (1911)  Spence

Manitowapak | Dauphin  (1911)  Spence

Nelson House | Northwest Territories  (1911)  Spence

Oxford House | Northwest Territories (1911)  Spence

Split Lake | Northwest Territories (1911)  Spence

Waywayseecappos | Marquette  (1911)  Spence

York Factory | Northwest Territories (1911)    Spence


Birtle Agency | Marquette  (1921)  Spence

Jack H., Fisher R., Peguis H.  | Selkirk  (1921)  Spencer, Spense

Neepawa | Provencher  (1921)  Spence



Keewatin C4 |  Unorganized Territories (1901)  Spence

Keewatin C5 |  Unorganized Territories  (1901)  Spencer

Tuscarora E3 |  Brant  (1901)  Spencer

Couchiching | Ojibway, Iroquois, Mixed: Fr., Eng. (1901)  March 2021   Spence


Attawapiskat | Northwest Territories  (1911)  Spence

Chippewa I.R. | Middlesex West  (1911) Spencer

Fort Hope  |  Northwest Territories  (1911)  Spence

Indian Reserve 50  |  Haldimand  (1911)

Long Lake Post | Thunder Bay and Rainy River (1911)  Spence

Norway House |  Northwest Territories (1911)  Spence

Sturgeon Lake  |  Thunder Bay and Rainy River  (1911)  Spence

Wabigoon |  Thunder Bay and Rainy River  (1911)  Spence


Caradoc I.R.  | Middlesex West (1921)  Spencer



Bresaylor | The Territories (1901)  Spence

Colleston | Cree, Mixed (1901)   Spencer

Halcro | The Territories (1901)  Spence

Red Deer   |  The Territories  (1901)  Spence

Prince Albert North |  The Territories (1901)  Spence





ASAI    [CDN Marriage Extracts]     [MB]  Spence


BAST   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


BENA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB]  Spence


BRAS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]    [MB]  Spence


C …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


CLOU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


DOKIS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


E …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


F  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [MB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer


G  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer


GIRO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Spence


H  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Spence


HERY     [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


KASA      [CDN Marriage Extracts] [ON]  Spencer


I ….   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


KASA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


L  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


LAUG   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


LESO   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [MB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Spence, Spencer


MARB   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer


MCCU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  


MICE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]


MOBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


P …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


PIGE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB]  Spence


R  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB]  Spence


SAUN    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence


SIMO   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [AB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Spence April 2021  


SNOW   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer


T …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Spence, Spencer


W …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [BC]  Spencer


WHE– Z    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence






List of Metis Surnames of Ontario

List of Iroquois Confederacy Surnames (ON, QC)

Index:   The Cree in Canadian Census Records

Index: The Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippewa & Saulteaux in Canadian Census Records

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts



M – Z | Six Nations Modern Surnames: Akwesasne, Kahnawake, Kanehsatake, Ohsweken, Tyendinaga, Wahta


December 4, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , , , , ,

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