A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Spence, Spencer | Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Saulteaux, Mixed: Fr., Eng., Cree, Scot. | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!


  • Surname lists: Surname Anchor PostsIroquoisMetis (ON)
  • Regions:  Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Western Canada
  • Ethnicity:  Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Saulteaux,  Zismskian (?) , Mixed-heritage: French, English, Cree, Scottish
  • Associated surnames:   Spence   Adams, Asham, Assanank, Begg, Belhumeur / Bellehumeur, Bird, Birston, Briere / Bruyere, Brown, Bruce, Campbell, Cayen, Charles, Cook, Corrigal,  Cusitar / Cuslev, Denning /  Dunning, Ducharme, Erasmus, Favel,  Fidler, Fisher / Sauteuse, Flett, Folster, Gardiner, Garneau, Garrioch, Gorre, Grisdale, Groat / Grott, Hallett, Henderson, Howse / House, Hughes, Inkster, Isbister,  Kikosens, Kippling,  Lacouette, Lavasseur / Levasseur, Lawson, Lewis / Louis, Linklater, McCorrister, McKay, McNabb, Mercredi, Michaud, Monkman, Montour, Morwick, Mousseau, Mowat, Nepinak, Pantchin / Pakken, Pantchin / Pakken, Paquin, Patenaude, Parisien, Peebles, Poitien, Pruden, Richard, Riggs, Roulette, Sabiston, Sandiston, Setter, Sinclair, Smith, Stevenson, Sutherland, Swain, Tait, Taylor, Todd, Trottier, Ward, Wells, Whitford, Williams, Wilson, Wishart, Young.  Spencer   Elmore, Field, Garton, Gilmour, Kugler, Lynch, McKenzie, McLaren, Sinclair, Small, Tait, Taylor.
  • Misc.:  Spence   The Red River Metis Spence descend from Orkneyman George John Spence and his Swampy Cree wife Catherine Tche-tchit.   2. Catherine Spence (foremother of the recognized Ontario Metis Begg-Spence lineage), descended from these Red River Spences.  Spencer   The Red River Spencers descend from Englishman John Hodges Spencer and his Metis wife Anne Sinclair through their offspring: Charles Alexander Spencer (m. Sarah Ann Elizabeth Truthwaite),  John Robert Spencer (m. Ann Jane Phair),  Miles Spencer (m. Edith McLaren),  Rupert Spencer (m. Mary Ann Ross),  William Spencer (m. Carolyn Small),  Mary Elizabeth Spencer (m. John Garton), Sarah Spencer (m. Joseph William Cartwright).



The Territories  |  Duhamel  (1901)  Spence

The Territories  |  Edmonton  (1901) Spencer

The Territories  |  Macleod Rural District (1901)  Spence

The Territories  |  Pakan  (1901)  Spence


Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 46  (1911)   Spence

Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 49  (1911)  Spense / Spencer

Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 48  (1911)  Spencer

Yale & Cariboo  |  Yale West  (1901)

Yale – Caribou  |  Kamloops Indian Agency  (1911)


Dauphin  |  Manitowapak   (1911)  Spence

Macdonald  |  Oak Point  (1911)

Macdonald  |  Ochre River  (1901) 

Macdonald |  Portage La Prairie  (1901)

Marquette  |  Birtle Agency  (1921)  Spence

Marquette  |  Waywayseecappos  (1911)  Spence

NWT  |  Cross Lake Post |  Northwest Territories (1911)  Spence

NWT  |  Nelson House   (1911)  Spence

NWT  | Oxford House  (1911)  Spence

NWT  |  Split Lake   (1911)  Spence

NWT  |  York Factory |  (1911)    Spence

Provencher  |  Neepawa (1921)  Spence

Selkirk  |  Berens River  (1901)  Spencer

Selkirk  |  Clandeboye Agency  (1911)  Spence

Selkirk  |  Fisher River I.R.    (1911)  Spence

Selkirk  |  Jack H., Fisher R., Peguis H.   (1921)  Spencer, Spense

Selkirk  |  St. Andrews L-7       Spence, Spencer

The Territories  |  Assiniboia   |  Crooked Lake Agen.  (1901) Spencer


Algoma  |  Ash Rapids (1901)

Algoma  |  Couchiching Agency  (1901)   Spence

Brant South  |  Tuscarora (1881)   Spencer   Feb 2022 

Brant  |  Tuscarora e-3 (1901)  Spencer

Haldimand  |  Indian Reserve 50  (1911)

Middlesex West  |  Caradoc I.R.  (1921)  Spencer

Middlesex West  |  Chippewa I.R.  (1911) Spencer

NWT  |  Attawapiskat  (1911)  Spence

NWT  |  Fort Hope (1911)  Spence

NWT  |  Norway House  (1911)  Spence

Thunder Bay and Rainy River  |  Long Lake Post (1911)  Spence

Thunder Bay and Rainy River  |  Sturgeon Lake (1911)  Spence

Thunder Bay and Rainy River  |  Wabigoon  (1911)  Spence

Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin C4  (1901)  Spence

Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin C5  (1901)  Spencer


Battleford |  Townships [215-32] (1921)   Aug 2022

The Territories  |  Bresaylor  (1901)  Spence

The Territories  |  Colleston (1901)   Spencer

The Territories  |  Halcro  (1901)  Spence

The Territories  |  Red Deer  (1901)  Spence

The Territories  |  Prince Albert North  (1901)  Spence


Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin C-1  (1901) 

Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin c-2  (1901)  


ASAI    [CDN Marriage Extracts]     [MB]  Spence

BAST   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

BENA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB]  Spence

BRAS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]    [MB]  Spence

C …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

CLOU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

DOKIS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

E …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

F  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [MB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer

G  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer

GIRO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Spence

H  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Spence

HERY     [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

KASA      [CDN Marriage Extracts] [ON]  Spencer

I ….   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

KASA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

L  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

LAUG   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

LESO   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [MB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Spence, Spencer

MARB   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer

MCCU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  

MICE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

MOBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

P …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

PIGE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB]  Spence

R  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB]  Spence

SAUN    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence

SIMO   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [AB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Spence April 2021  

SNOW   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence, Spencer

T …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] Spence, Spencer

W …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [BC]  Spencer

WHE– Z    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Spence



Main Index: Canadian Census Extracts by Region & by Nation

Index: Canadian Marriage Extracts in Alphabetical Order

Index: First Nations and Metis Surname Lists


Spence, Andrew  | Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Spence, Jean-Baptiste [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

December 4, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , ,

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