A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

McDonald & Var. |  Metis, Algonquin, Blackfoot, Iroquois, Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Scottish/Cree | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

MacDonald / Macdonald   –  McDonald / Mcdonnald  – Mcdonnel

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!


  • Surname lists:  Surname Anchor PostsIroquois, Metis (ON)Wabanaki
  • Regions:  Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Quebec, Western Canada
  • Ethnicity:  Metis, Algonquin, Blackfoot, Iroquois, Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Scottish, Cree
  • Associated surnames:  Anderson, Atkiness, Allard,  Atkinson,  Basile / Bazile,  Bear,  Beaudry, Beauvais, Boucher,  Burke / Bourque,  Burns, Bryant, Cadotte, Calder, Campbell,  Cardinal  Cleary,  Cook, Courtepatte, Decaire / Dicaire, Desjarlais,  Desrochers, Ducharme,  Dumont, Duncan,  Durocher,  Dusome, Eccles,  Fadden,  Ferris, Ferguson, Flett, Fraser, Gabriel, Garrow, George, Gleazer,  Godon, Gordon, Green, Gunn, Hamelin, Hay,  Heavy Runner,  Henderson,  Herne,  Hill, Inkster, Jacco / Jacko / Jock, , Jack, James, Joachim, Johnston, Kirkness, Klyne, Laderoute, Langevin, Lapierre,Laprise, Larance / Laurance, Laurin, Lazare, L’Hirondelle, Lindstrom, Lizotte, Logan, Manson, McAulay, McCorrister, McDonnell / McDonald, McGhie, McKay, McLeod,  Mercredi, Miruabeuit, Moar, Mowatt,  Murray, Nanipo / Nanipou, Napane, Ostawenserahes, Patenaude, Peebles, Peel, Pheasnt, Presley, Quintal / Quintall, Raphael, Roach, Robillard, Rodgers, Rowland, Roy, Setter / Settee, Silver, Sylleboy, Swain, Tait, Tappe, Taylor, Thomason, Tourangeau, Turner, Verhelst, Verrault, Whetung, Whiteway,  Williams.
  • Misc.:  1. There are some Algonquin McDonnells who descend from John McDonnell / Mcdonald (son of Alexander McDonnell and Mary Ann McKay) and Marie Angelique / Manian Angelique Dufond / Osaabikwe (daughter of Amable Jean-Paul Dufond Elizabeth Fisher.) [Source: Jean-Guy Paquin]   2. One branch of Western Metis McDonalds  descends from John McDonald and Charlotte Inkster through their son: Donald McDonald (m. Margaret Turner) and their daughter Rosalie McDonald (m. Arthur Cummings Clare).  2. In Quebec there are many Montagnais McDonalds, as well as other McDonalds connected to the Iroquois. 3. My marriage database contains both Innu Montagnais First Nations individuals as well as mixed Montagnais / French marriages as listed in a study by the Communauté Métisse du Domaine du Roy et de la Seigneurie de Mingan.  Some mixed French/Montagnais descendants self-identify as Metis (see Etienne Rivard’s discussion paper). 4. In Ontario there are three  lines of recognized Metis descending from couples with a McDonnel/McDonald or MacDonald wife.  a. Marie Cecile McDonnell dit Mawiskak and her husband Narcisse Pierre Dorion. b. Janet MacDonald and her husband Henry Charles Fraser  c. Isabelle MacDonald and her husband Isaac Hunter.  5. In 1884, British General Charles Gordon was trapped in Sudan’s capital city Khartoum, so a rescue mission was organized that would involve watercraft on the River Nile. Canadian Voyageurs of Metis and First Nations background were recruited to carry out this mission. The Voyageurs succeeded in reaching Khartoum but they were too late to save Gordon as the city had already fallen to the Mahdists. There were 4 Metis McDonalds from St. Andrews involved in that expedition. Three were sons of John McDonald and Nancy Ferguson. They were Alexander, Donald and John McDonald. The fourth was William McDonald, son of Alex McDonald and Ann Tait.  [Source: The Nile Voyageurs 1884-1885]  5. In 1872/1873 , a government survey was undertaken to determine the precise international border between Canada and the U.S.A.  Part of the survey was assisted by Metis guides and Chippewa men who were employed as scouts. Two of these scouts were Adam McDonald and Donald McDonald (both sons of Donald “Big” Mcdonald & Jane Beaudry).  Adam McDonald was married to Maria McKay (daughter of William McKay & Mary Bunn). Donald McDonald was the older of the two and was 49th  Rangers’ Deputy Commander. Donald’s wife was Harriet Spence. [Source: The Boundary Commission’s Metis Scouts: The 49th Rangers, Larry Haag & Lawrence Barkwell].  6. Hudson’s Bay Company has service records for over 20 individuals with a McDonald or McDonnell surname. Note: HBC service records relate to employees who worked in traditional indigenous territories and who may or may not have started mixed-heritage families. Scroll down to External Links for more information.



The Territories  |  Blood Reserve  (1901) 

The Territories  |  Blood Reserve  McDonalds (1901)   McDonald

The Territories   (1901)  MacDonald

The Territories  |  St. Albert (1901)   Mcdonnald

Unorganized Territories  |  Athabaska A-4   (1901) 

Unorganized Territories  |  Athabaska A-6  (1901) 

Victoria  |  Fort Chipewyan (1911)

Victoria  |  Grand Rapids (1911) 


Yale-Cariboo  |  Okanagan    (1911)  MacDonald


Selkirk  |  St. Andrews L-6  (1901)  

Selkirk  |  St. Andrews L-7  (1901) 

Selkirk  |  St. Clement McDonalds    (1901)  McDonald


Hants  |  Shubenacadie 0-1  (1901) 


Addington  |  Palmerston and Canonto (1901)   Apr 2022

Algoma  |  Beaver Mills  (1901) 

Algoma  |  McIrvine  (1901) 

Algoma  |  Michipicoten Harbour S-2  (1901) 

Algoma  |  Rat Portage & Savanne Agency XX-2 (1901) 

Algoma East  |  Chapleau (Township) (66) (St. John’s Residential School?) (1921)   Mar 2022

Bothwell  |  Orford  | (1881) 

Brant  |  Tuscarora 12 (1852)    

Brant South  |  Tuscarora (1881)   Feb 2022

Elgin West  |  Ridgetown (Town) F  (1901)   Apr 2022

Frontenac  |  Palmerston, North, South Canonto  (1921)   Mar 2022

Hastings East | Tyendinaga  … (1901)  Apr 2022

Kent  |  Harwich (1881)   Feb 2022

Lambton West  |  Sombra and Walpole Island  (1921)   Mar 2022

Middlesex West  |  Caradoc  (1881)   Feb 2022

Nipissing  |  Mattawan Town 0(1)-1 (1901) 

Ontario North | Indian Reserve  (1921)   Mar 2022

Renfrew North  |  Mattawa  (1881)  Mcdonnel


Chicoutimi & Saguenay, Unorg. Terr.  (1881)    McDonald 

Chicoutimi & Saguenay  |  Ouiatchouan (1901)  Macdonald

Pontiac-Temiscamingue-Abitibi  |  Rupert House (1921)  MacDonald

St. Regis McDonalds  |  Huntingdon  (1901)  McDonald

Unorg. Territory McDonalds  |  Pontiac  (1901)   McDonald


Battleford |  Townships [215-32] (1921)   Aug 2022   

North Battleford | Fond du Lac [222-62] (1921)   Aug 2022

Prince Albert  |  Petaquakeys I.R.  (1911)  MacDonald 

Prince Albert  |  Desmarais in Townships 46  (1911)  McDonald

The Territories  |  Devil Lake  (1901)  MacDonald

The Territories  |  La Corne  (1901)  Macdonald

The Territories  |  Lake La Ronge McDonalds  (1901)   McDonald

The Territories  |  Meota   (1901)   Macdonald

The Territories  |  Prince Albert  (1901)   McDonald

The Territories  |  Qu’Appelle Indian Agency  (1911) 



Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin c-2  (1901) 

Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin C-6  (1901) 



AION  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   McDonald

ASAI   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip] McDonald

B …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  McDonald

BAST   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]  McDonald

BLAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [AB]  McDonald

BRAS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB]  McDonald

C …  [CDN Marriage Extracts] [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  MacDonald

CARI   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald, Mcdonald

COON   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]

DELM  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB]  McDonald

E  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]   McDonald

F …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]  McDonald, Mcdonnell

GIRO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald

H …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Macdonald, McDonald

HERY   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  McDonald

J …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]  Mcdonald

JACQ   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip] McDonald, Mcdonald

L …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB]  Mcdonald

LAHO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]  McDonald

LAUG   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]  McDonald

LESO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald 

M …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [BC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Macdonald, MacDonald Mac Donald, McDonald, McDonnell

MCCU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-MB-ON-QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Macdonald, McDonald, Mcdonald, McDonall, McDonnell

MEGA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Camada Metis Scrip] McDonald

N …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  McDonald

OKAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  McDonald

P …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald

PETE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]  Mcdonald

PIGE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]  Mcdonald

Q …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald

R …   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [AB-BC-QC-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald

SAUN  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]  Macdonald, McDonald

SNOW   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  McDonald

T …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  McDonald

WHE– Z    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [BC-ON]  Macdonald, Mcdonald



Main Index: Canadian Census Extracts by Region & by Nation

Index: Canadian Marriage Extracts in Alphabetical Order

Index: First Nations and Metis Surname Lists


HBC Fort Pelly (63/64), Servants/Free Traders [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

McDonald, Archibald  [Dictionary of Canadian Biography]

McDonell, John, Le Prêtre [Dictionary of Canadian Biography]

Hudson’s Bay Archives

Nile Expedition [The Canadian Encyclopedia]

The Nile Voyageurs 1884-1885 [Louis Riel Institute]

December 15, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , , , , ,

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