A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Cardinal | Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!


  • Regions:  
    • Alberta, Manitoba, Quebec, Saskatchewan, The Territories
  • Ethnicity:  
    • Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: French, Scottish
  • Associated surnames:  
    • a) Adby, Akuesesua, Alexander / Alexandre, Amyot, Andrews, Arout, Ashini, Auger, Aulotte
    • (b) Bisson, Blood, Bone, Boostram, Bottle, Boucher, Bourgon, Bourk / Bourque, Breast, Breland, Bright Eyes, Bruneau, Bull, Burns (c) Callahisson, Cantale, Carlson, Castor, Chalifoux, Charette, Christie, Connolly, Courteoreille, Cowan, Crane, Cunningham
    • (d) Daniel / Daniels, Decoine, Desjardins, Desjarlais (Upd. 2023), Delorme, Delormier, De Marre, Denunare, Desjarlais, Desmarais, Dion, Dominic, Ducharme, Dumont, Durand
    • (f) Favel, Flamand / Flammand, Fosser, Francis, Frederick
    • (g) Gariepy (Upd. 2023), Gaudette, Gervais, Ghostkeeper, Gibbot / Gibeau Gladu
    • (h) Haineault, Hamelin, Hope, Houle, Hunter, Huppe
    • (j) Jacknife, Jackson, Janvier, John, Johnson, Johnstone, Jourdain
    • (k) Klyne
    • (l) Labonne, Laboucan, Ladouceur, Laframboise, Lambert, Lapp, Large, Larocque, Larose, Lemire, Lepine, Le Pretre / Lepretre, Lightening, L’Hirondelle, Logan, Longmore, Louis / Lewis
    • (m) Macdonald, Makokis, Martel, Matest, Mayees, McGillis / Macquillis, McDonald, McIvor, McKenzie / MacKenzie / Mayatis, McKenzie, Mikoo, Moignon, Moijnow, Monias, Moon, Morning Owl, Moskiye, Mountain, Myra
    • (n) Nadeau / La Corde, Nakwin, Nipissing
    • (o) Oar, Okema, Oisto / Nabesis, Old Pan, Opikihagan
    • (p) Parjur, Paul, Pfaneuf, Piche, Piochen, Poitras, Powder , Prince
    • (q) Quinn,Quintal
    • (r) Racette / Pelletier, Richard, Riguedel, Robillard, Robinson
    • (s) Sans Regret / Sansregret Sepikmanis, Sauve, Sawan, Shawan / Nipissing, Sioui, Smith, Spencer, Stavely, Steinhauer, Stomp, Sunshine, Surprenant, Swain
    • (t) Tappe, Thomas, Thunder, Tremblay, Trottier
    • (v) Vanasse / Annase / Anas, Vivier
    • (w) Wapisetkoan, Ward, Whitford / Whiteford
    • [y] Youngchief
  • Misc.: – 
    • 1. The Cardinal surname is quite large and distributed right across Canada so please consider the information below as only a sampling of Cardinal marriage and census records.
    • 2. The 1885 North-West Resistance by the Metis and the Cree, Kainai, Piikani, Saulteaux and Siksika peoples took place against a backdrop of starvation, broken treaties and encroachment by new settlers in Saskatchewan and Alberta. The resistance fighters eventually lost and Canada’s federal government asserted its control over the area.   Metis Cardinals involved in the Resistance included: Alexandre Cardinal (m. Elise Moreau), Maria Cardinal / Fleury (m. Francois Peh-ye-sis Desjarlais) and Sophia Cardinal (m. Fred Samuel Ballendine). [Source: Veterans and Families of the 1885  Northwest Resistance, Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute]. See External Links  below for more information. 
    • 3. Scroll down to External Links for more information about the Metis Cardinals.



Battle River | Indian Reserve (1921)

Edmonton | Indian Reserve 125 (1906)  

Edmonton | Indian Reserve 128 | (1906)  

Edmonton |  Indian Reserve  (1911)

Edmonton | Indian Reserve (District 75 )(1911)

Edmonton | 46 (1911)

Edmonton District | I.R. 149 (1906)

Edmonton (City of) | Edmonton East  (1921)

Edmonton | Agency  (1901)

Edmonton  |  Townships 71 (1911)

Edmonton  | West   (1921)

Northwest Territories  |  Saddle Lake, Whitefish Lake  (1901)

Strathcona  |  Ermine, Skin, Samson, Bobtail I.R. (1906)

Strathcona | Hobbema Bobtail  (1911)

The Territories | Athabaska Landing  (1901)

The Territories  |  Pakan  (1901)

The Territories  |  Pincher Creek  (1901)

The Territories  |  Rabbit Hills (1901)

The Territories  | Saddle Lake  (1901)

The Territories | Whitford (1901)

Victoria | Chippewyan Lake  (1911)

Victoria | Cold Lake (Frog Lake, Long Lake) (1911)

Victoria | Lac La Biche (1901)

Victoria | Lac La Biche  (1911)

Victoria | Saddle Lake I. R.  (1911)

Victoria  | Townships 52  (1911) 

Victoria  |  Townships 59  (1911)  

Victoria | Townships 66 (1911)


Marquette | Waywayseecappos (1911)

Provencher  |  Ritchot h-1 (1901)


Laprairie-Napierville | Caughnawaga I.R.  (1921)


Prince Albert | Petaquakeys I.R. (1911)  

The Territories | Meota  (1901)

The Territories  |  Battleford  (1901)

The Territories  |  Battleford North  (1901)

The Territories  |  Battleford South  (1901)

The Territories  |  Carleton Agency  (1901)

The Territories  |  Duck Lake  (1901)

The Territories  |  Egg Lake  (1901)

The Territories | Meota (1901)

The Territories  |  Prince Albert West (1901)



Assiniboia East  |  Dauphinais (1901)

Northwest Territories  |  Fort Providence  (1911) 

Unorganized Territories  | Athabaska   a-2  (1901) 

Unorganized Territories  |  Athabaska  a-4  (1901) 

Unorganized Territories | Athabaska A-6  (1901)



A  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

AION [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

ANAH     [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

ASAI   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

B …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

BAST [CDN Marriage Extracts]

BENA    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

BLAN [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

BRAS [CDN Marriage Extracts]

C …  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

CARI    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

CLOU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

COON    [CDN Marriage Extracts]

D  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

DELM  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

DOKIS  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

F  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

G  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  2023

GIRO  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

H  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

HERY    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

J …   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

JACQ    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

KASA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

L  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

LAHO    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

LAUG  [CDN Marriage Extracts]

LESO  [CDN Marriage Extracts]

MARB  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

MCCU   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

MOBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

N …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

P …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

PETE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

PIGE  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

R  …   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

ROBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

Q …  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

SAUN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

SIMO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  

SNOW   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

THOR    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

V  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

W  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

WHEE – Z    [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

French Canadian Pioneers | The Cardinals of Quebec

The Caughnawaga Troubles (1878) | Surnames:…  Cardinal, …

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 81 – 100


Cardinal, Alexandre [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Cardinal, Andre [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Cardinal, Jacques “Moostahtip” [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Cardinal, Michel (Okenase, Little Bones) [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Veterans and Families of the 1885  Northwest Resistance [Louis Riel Institute]

North-West Resistance [The Canadian Encyclopedia]



August 4, 2021 - Posted by | . | , , , ,

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