A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Notes from Robert Engelhardt / Anne Chapados & J-B Anglehart

Earlier today, Researcher Robert Engelhardt provided this additional information –

The earliest birth record for a child of Anne Chapados and J-B Anglehart that I have found in the Quebec Parish Records (formerly visible at FamilySearch) was for Anne, born in 1788 at Paspebiac.

Her name was written as “Anne Agrahat”.  Her parents were listed as “Jean Baptiste Agrahat” and “Anne Chapadeau”.

The 1792 birth of Jean-Baptiste is listed as “Jean Engleat”(accent over second “e”).

From the records that I’ve been able to find, the phonetic used of angle heart appears almost immediately after the “Migkelharte” marriage record.

 Thank you again, Robert!

Related Posts:

Joseph Anglehart/Migkelharte and Marie Anelkawine (Family Tree: Gaspe to Gloucester)

The Origins of Gaspe Fisherman Jean Baptiste Anglehart/Migkelhardt | Hessian mercenary? American Loyalist? | Dominique Ritchot Continue reading

February 21, 2011 Posted by | . | , , | Leave a comment

Update: Jean Baptiste Anglehart/Anne Chapados Family Tree Book

Last May, Maurice Anglehart (a descendant of Jacques Anglehart and Anastasie Huard through Jacques Anglehart/Florence Peaudemarthe and then Antoine Anglehart & Marie-Lousie Cyr)  left a message announcing an Anglehart family reunion and the preparation of a new genealogy book. Here’s his original message and an update.

I am from l’Anse-aux-Gascons, Gaspé peninsula, Québec. Mr Gerald Brotherton is now working on the genealogy tree of the Anglehart, from Jean-Baptiste & Anne Chapados of Paspebiac. To help him out, everyone should send me by E-Mail all the information you have; that way, our book could be ready by this summer. Once the book ready, we are planning to organize a family reunion of all the ENGELHARDT and Anglehart having roots from Paspebiac in 1783. Continue reading

July 11, 2010 Posted by | . | , | 3 Comments

Att: Descendants – Jean Baptiste Anglehart & Anne Chapados | Engelhardt, Migkelharte

Maurice Anglehart left this message in one of the Comment Boxes –

I am from l’Anse-aux-Gascons, Gaspé peninsula, Québec.

Mr. Gerald Brotherton is now working on the genealogy tree of the Angleharts from Jean-Baptiste & Anne Chapados of Paspebiac.

To help him out, everyone should send me by E-Mail all the information you have; that way, our book could be ready by this summer. Once the book ready, we are planning to organize a family reunion of all the ENGELHARDT and Anglehart having roots from Paspebiac in 1783.

May 9, 2010 Posted by | . | , , | 5 Comments

The Origins of Gaspe Fisherman Jean Baptiste Anglehart/Migkelhardt | Hessian mercenary? American Loyalist? | Dominique Ritchot

– voir en bas pour le texte originale en francais –

A few weeks ago noted Quebec researcher Dominique Ritchot saw some of my posts about Jean Baptiste Anglehart and was kind enough to provide some information about this early Quebec settler of German origin. Today I’m very pleased to offer this information because it comes from such a credible source.  For those who aren’t familiar with her, Ritchot is the archivist and a  researcher over at  Fichier Origine. Fichier Origine is a special project  of the Societe Genealogique  and consists of an online index of those founding couples of Quebec who are of French origin with a focus on their French families of origin. She’s also a published author (e.g. genealogical journal Memoires) and administrator of


However what will interest anyone with Quebec German ancestors is that Ritchot is also the administrator of the RootsWeb:Mailing Lists – QUEBEC-HESSIANS which is ” for anyone with a genealogical interest in the settlement of Hessian soldiers in Quebec, Canada, after the American Revolution”. Most recently she has translated the Virginia Easley-DeMarce book “The Settlement of Former German Auxiliary Troops in Canada” which should be available this winter en francais! Click on the link for further information.

Guest Post  – Dominique Ritchot

(Note: Original text in French follows. This is a loose translation!)

According to his marriage certificate, Jean-Baptiste Anglehart came from Germany. He was the first of his line to arrive in the Gaspe (Quebec).

Some researchers suggest that his mother was Amerindian (Native American) but this is doubtful since she didn’t come to Canada. This hypothesis is based on the sound of her surname. However, it must be pointed out that  in some German  regions it was traditional to feminize the surnames of families with the ending “ine”.  In the case of Jean-Baptiste Anglehart, Marie-Anne Kaw becomes Marie-Anne Kawine.

Returning to Jean-Baptiste Anglehart, the first mention of his presence in Canada is his marriage certificate.

I know of two soldiers from the German auxiliary troops who carry this surname. These troups came to defend Canada from the U.S.A. at the time of the American War of Independance.

ENGELHARDT, Bernhardt:

Brunswick, 1st Troop Transport, Ehrenkrook Battalion, Schlagenteuffel Company; founded in the 5th canton of Quinté  Bay(Ontario) on October 5th, 1784.


Brunswick, Specht Regiment ; deserted in1781, final destiny unknown.

Nevertheless, we must avoid hasty conclusions in connecting either of these soldiers with Jean Baptiste Anglehart, Gaspesian fisherman who married Anne Chapados (Jean & Catherine Laroche) on July 12th, 1798 in Paspebiac. Jean Baptiste Anglehart could also have arrived with the contingent of Loyalists who settled down in the  Baie des Chaleurs a further line of research would be to check the Lower Canada land grant requests as these might yield further information.

D. Ritchot – Son Texte Originale

“Selon son acte de mariage, Jean-Baptiste Anglehart est originaire d’Allemagne. C’est lui le premier ancêtre arrivé en Gaspésie.

Quelques sites de chercheurs suggérent que la mère du migrant serait Amérindienne, mais comme elle n’est pas venue au Canada, on peut douter de la véracité de cette suggestion. Cette hypothèse vient de la consonnance de son patronyme.

Il faut savoir que selon la tradition en vigueur dans certaines provinces germaniques, les patronymes sont féminisés avec la finale en « ine ». Dans le cas de Jean-Baptiste Anglehardt : Marie-Anne Kaw devient «Kawine ».

Pour en revenir à Jean-Baptiste Anglehart, la première mention de sa présence est son acte de mariage.

J’ai deux soldats portant ce patronyme dans ma base des troupes auxiliaires allemandes venues défendre

Continue reading

January 16, 2010 Posted by | . | , , , | 20 Comments

Jean Baptiste Anglehart Migkelhart | Evelyn in Montreal

Today I want to share a message that was left in one of the Comment Boxes by Brigitte Anglehart, a descendant of Jean-Baptiste Migkelhart(Anglehart).

Her comment was in response to a post in which I shared  the original 1787 Paspebiac marriage record of Anne Chapadeau & Jean Baptiste Migkelhart. I am related to this couple through their daughter Anne Migkelharte  who is near the “top” of my maternal grandmother’s M-line (see  M-Line: Eveline Melvina Luce).  Here is Brigitte Anglehart’s original message followed by a translation.  Continue reading

May 27, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , | 5 Comments

A Canadian Family M-Line: Eveline Melvina Luce

An M-line is a lineage built by beginning with a woman and tracing her line back mother-to-mother.  As a result, the surname changes with each generation. This is a big trend right now, especially with the advent of genetic genealogy which allows both men (through their mothers) and women to trace their bloodlines through their mtDNA.

 Marguerite Caplan’s mother was First Nations (possibly Mi’kmaq).This was known through genealogical records and is now supported through  testing by numerous female descendants showing a marker for First Nations DNA.


Eveline Melvina Luce’s  M-Line


First Named Generation

Marguerite Caplan m. Francois Larocque

About 1729 – Acadie

Continue reading

February 7, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , , , | 22 Comments

Joseph Anglehart/Migkelharte and Marie Anelkawine (Descendants: Gaspe to Gloucester)


1.  Joseph Anglehart / Migkelharte was born about 1730 and died after 1787.  Joseph married Marie Anelkawine about 1750 in Canada. Marie was said by some to be Native but this is disputed by researcher Dominique Ritchot. See                                       ……..for more information.

The child from this marriage was:

+2 M i. Jean Baptiste Anglehart / Migkelharte I who was born about 1750 and died after 1800. Continue reading

January 27, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments


Who: Marie Angleharte, Alexandre Huard + Chappado

 Family Connection:  ancestor, Luce M-line  Where: Paspebiac, Quebec, Canada


This is the original entry for Jean Huard and Marie Angleharte‘s marriage from the Notre-Dame-de-la-Purification in Paspebiac. The basic information confirms my records which dates their marriage to January 30th, 1826, and confirms their parentage. Alexandre Huard was the son of Jean Huard and Madeleine Denys while Marie’s parents were Jean Baptiste Anglehardt and Anne Chappado. Marie had Amerindian – Native (metis) heritage.

Something new that I learned was that Marie’s father was already deceased on that date. Another useful fact regards Marie’s surname. In fact when her parents were married their names were registered as follows: Jean Baptiste Migkelharte and Anne Chappadeau. I knew that Anglehart/Migkelhart were the same family but I always wondered when Anglehart came into use. Now I know it was used at the beginning of the 1800s.

Those researching this lineage sure have their work cut out for them!



from A Canadian Family Database

Alexandre Huard and Marie Anglehart had a daughter Marie who married Paul Hypolite Blais in 1849 in Perce, Quebec. That Marie married Clement Desilva and their female descendants became part of our New Brunswick M-line. Continue reading

January 23, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , | 6 Comments

HISTORICAL DOCUMENT: Chapadeau & Migkelhart – Marriage, 1787

Index: Lameque, Miscou and Shippegan

Who: Anne Chapadeau, Jean Baptiste Migkelhart + Bourg, Duguay, Lanteigne

Family Connection: ancestor, Luce M-line      Where: Paspebiac, Quebec, Canada




L’an mille sept cent quatre vingt sept le treize Juillet je soussigne ay marie selon les ceremonies ordinaries de l’eglise immediatement avant la Ste Messe en presence du peuple et des quatre temoins soussigne après avoir accorde dispense des trois publications de bans sans qu’il y avait trouve aucun autre empaichement savoir Jean baptiste migkelharte fils de joseph migkelharte et de marie annelkawine avec anne Chapadeau fille de feu Jean Chapadeau et de Cather la Roc.

signature of Jean Baptiste

contractant allemen

Anne Chapadau X



Jean Chapadeau X

Francois Dugaie X

Louis de lanteigne X

Francois Dugaie fils X

Joseph M Bourg, pretre

St-Joseph parish



Image Source: Ancestry.com. Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin.


What I’ve gleaned from this document

Since they signed with an X, I now know that bride Anne Chapadeau and witnesses Jean Chapadeau, Louis de Lanteigne and Francois Dugaie father and son were illiterate. Anne’s husband Jean Baptiste did sign – although to my modern eyes it is more of a scrawl! Continue reading

January 10, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , , , | 7 Comments