A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

They Worked Hard For The Family: Gaspesian Fishermen

When most people think of Quebec’s ethnic make-up,  they think first of French-speaking, Catholic Quebeckers – and theycertainly makes up the overwhelming majority of early settlers. However, Quebec also had settlers of British origin (English, Scottish and Irish), and among these there was a substantial group of Anglo-Normans from the Channel Islands. These Channel Islanders settled on the Quebec and New Brunswick coasts of the Baie des Chaleurs (Chaleurs Bay) and they were there to get something that the Europeans of the time desperately wanted – codfish!

One of these Channel Islanders was my ancestor – Philippe Luce of Jersey – and as I don’t have any photographs of him I’ve decided to share this vintage postcard of fishermen on the beach splitting codfish near the now famous tourist destination of Perce Rock.

Splitting Codfish, Perce (Quebec)

Splitting Codfish, Perce, Quebec


Related Posts:

 Index: Vintage Postcards of Quebec

Smile for the Camera

July 4, 2009 Posted by | . | , , | 6 Comments

Early Quebec Couples from the Channel Islands: Luce

Philippe Luce (son of Elie Luce and Elizabeth Sorsoleil, husband of Anne Ward) was not the only Channel Islands Luce who settled  in Quebec. Here are some other early Luces that I know of.


Luce, John M. | Agnes Frances Hyman

July 25th, 1873 

Luce, Walter George | Julia Ann Edith Mauger

October 4th, 1916   Cape Cove/Perce (Gaspe, Quebec) Continue reading

April 20, 2009 Posted by | . | , | 4 Comments

Early Pioneers of Gloucester, New Brunswick From The Channel Islands

Pioneers from Jersey/Guernsey, Channel Islands

who settled in Shippegan and Caraquet

and environs Continue reading

April 2, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , | Leave a comment

Index: Luces from Jersey (Channel Islands) to Canada

Jersey - Homeland of our Luces

Index: Lameque, Miscou and Shippegan



The Luces from Jersey, Channel Islands to Canada

LUCE Philip – 1892

LUCE-1941 & VALLEE-1954

Luce, Alden J., 1937 

Luce, Livain – 1937 

Luce, Marielle, 1951 


Historical Documents

Historical Document: Philippe Luce & Anne Ward – Marriage, 1863

Historical Document: George Lewis & Clementine Desilva – Marriage, 1896


History and Places

Map: Baie des Chaleurs, 1769

Map: Baie des Chaleurs, 1857(?)


Vintage Postcards

Vintage Postcard: St-Brelade Church, Jersey

Vintage Postcard: VRAIC?

Vintage Postcard: Robin Jones & Whitman Fishing. Paspebiac, Gaspe, Quebec

Vintage Postcard: Marinage du Poisson, Gaspe, Que. Curing Fish

Vintage Postcard: Shippegan Peat Moss, New Brunswick

Vintage Postcard: Shippegan Harbour, New Brunswick

Vintage Postcard: Shippegan, New Brunswick, Canada

Cafe Royale, Shippegan – “the best fish meal … cod in cornmeal”


Families Allied To The Luces In My Family Tree

Ebenezer Ward and Mary Gray (Descendants: Gaspe to New Brunswick)

From Lisbon to La Nouvelle France – the Portuguese Desilvas

Historical Document: Pedro Dasslyva – Burial, 1717

Joseph Anglehart/Migkelharte and Marie Anelkawine (Descendants: Gaspe to Gloucester)

HISTORICAL DOCUMENT: Chapadeau & Migkelhart – Marriage, 1787

HISTORICAL DOCUMENT: Angleharte & Huard – Marriage, 1826

Evelyn In Montreal: Pierre (Pedro) dit le Portugais m. Jeanne Greslon / Laviolette

Update: Pierre (Pedro) dit le Portugais m. Jeanne Greslon / Laviolette

The Origins of Gaspe Fisherman Jean Baptiste Anglehart/Migkelhardt | Hessian mercenary? American Loyalist? | Dominique Ritchot


Our Luce Family History

Mamma-mia, I’ve got an M-line!

A Canadian Family M-Line: Eveline Melvina Luce

A Canadian Family Headstone: LUCE Evelyne 1976 – New Brunswick – Canada




March 5, 2009 Posted by | . | , | 8 Comments

A Canadian Family M-Line: Eveline Melvina Luce

An M-line is a lineage built by beginning with a woman and tracing her line back mother-to-mother.  As a result, the surname changes with each generation. This is a big trend right now, especially with the advent of genetic genealogy which allows both men (through their mothers) and women to trace their bloodlines through their mtDNA.

 Marguerite Caplan’s mother was First Nations (possibly Mi’kmaq).This was known through genealogical records and is now supported through  testing by numerous female descendants showing a marker for First Nations DNA.


Eveline Melvina Luce’s  M-Line


First Named Generation

Marguerite Caplan m. Francois Larocque

About 1729 – Acadie

Continue reading

February 7, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , , , | 22 Comments

Vintage Postcard: St-Brelade Church, Jersey

This vintage postcard shows the ancient church of St-Brelade in Jersey, Channel Islands, which is said to date back over 1000 years to the time of the “wandering Celtic saints” (see Links). Several of Elie Luce and Elizabeth Sorsoleil‘s children were born in St-Brelade.

Does anyone know whether this was Elie Luce and Elizabeth Sorsoleil’s church?

If so please drop me a line in the comment box below.

Fisherman's Chapel | Jersey Channel Islands | Cemetery

On the left is an enlarged detail from the vintage postcard, showing the Fishermans Chapel or Chapelle des Pecheurs which dates back to the 11th/12th century – on the right, a photographic detail of one of its medieval Continue reading

February 3, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , | 3 Comments


Seaweed has been an important part of Jersey life for well over 800 years, so our own Luce ancestors would have been quite familiar with scenes of seaweed harvesting like the one below.


*  *  *  *  *

Seaweed was a fertilizer for Jersey farming families until well into the early 1900s, since Jersey’s very sandy soil made fertilization crucial and the seaweed was readily available. Continue reading

January 29, 2009 Posted by | . | , | 3 Comments

LUCE | Lameque Headstone

This is the final resting place of our direct ancestor Philippe Luce who married Anne Ward on May 4th, 1863 in Grande-Riviere (Perce)  Quebec, Canada.  Their son George Luce (Lewis) and daughter-in-law Clementine Desilva were my grandparents.



Philippe Luce and Anne Ward’s children included the following: George H., Philip Charles, Elie Jean, Francois, Thomas, Ann Elizabeth, William.

Continue reading

January 25, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , | 9 Comments

The Luces from Jersey, Channel Islands to Canada

Index: Lameque, Miscou and Shippegan


Descendants of Jean Luce and Elizabeth of Channel Islands

Jersey - Homeland of our Luces

The Jersey Homeland of our Luces (A Canadian Family Vintage Postcard Collection) Publisher: Valentine & Sons Dundee and London.


1. Jean Luce I was born in 1726 in Jersey Channel Islands and died after 1756. According to Stephane Luce (see sources) Jean’s parents were Edouard Luce and Marie Le Cras who were married in St-Lawrence  (Channel Islands) and his grandparents were Edouard Luce and Izebel Piquot. Jean’s grandparents were married in St-Lawrence in  1691. Their children included: Mathieu, Denise, Edouard, Judith, Elizabeth, Susanne and Thomas.

Jean married Elizabeth (Luce?) on 10 Oct 1753 in St-Lawrence Jersey Channel Islands. Elizabeth was born about 1730 in Jersey Channel Islands and died after 1756.

A child from this marriage was:

+ 2 M i. Jean Luce II who was born in 1756 in Bailiwick of Jersey Channel Islands and died after 1794.


2. Jean Luce II (Jean 1) was born in 1756 in Bailiwick of Jersey Channel Islands and died after 1794. Jean married Susanne LeGros on 20 Apr 1776 in St-Lawrence Jersey Channel Islands, daughter of George LeGros and Marie Godel. Susanne was born about 1756 in Bailiwick of Jersey Channel Islands and died after 1794.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 3 M i. Elie Luce I who was born on 1 Apr 1792 in St-Lawrence Jersey Channel Islands and died in 1854.

4 M ii. Jean Luce III who was born on 10 Nov 1776 in Bailiwick of Jersey Channel Islands.

Continue reading

January 18, 2009 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , | 27 Comments

Mamma-mia, I’ve got an M-line!

The notion of the M-line is relatively new to genealogy so I thought I would give you a little introduction to this rapidly growing area of inquiry.


Human mtDNA migration Source: Wikimedia Commos

What is an M-line?

An M-line is your ancestry traced through your mother, but not in the traditional manner.

Traditionally, when people say they’re doing their maternal ancestry, they mean that they start from a certain woman and then follow that woman’s ancestry through her father. In other words, you would start with a Jane Doe, and then follow through her Doe parents, grandparents, great-grandparents etc.  Genealogists like me who are particularly interested in their female ancestors might also develop the wives’ families and enquire into their lives, but that enquiry is still usually organized around a surname line. I can think of three reasons why this is so:  1) We naturally identify with our own surname and those of our parents and in our society most of us carry our father or maternal grandfather’s surname.  2) Surnames tend to originate and then cluster in various regions so it’s relatively easy to build resources and become proficient in that one surname .  3) As a general rule, modern western society has focused more on the work and lives of men as opposed to women.

An M-line is different. With an M-line you begin with one of your maternal ancestors, and then follow her ancestors back through time exclusively through the female line. So, starting from a Jane Doe, you would go first to Jane Doe’s mother, and then to her mother’s mother, her mother’s mother’s mother and so on. Some people have called this the matrilineal, umbilical or uterine line but I have chosen to use Roderick’s suggested term M-lines For further discussion of this term see:

Genetics & Genealogy http://genealogy.about.com/library/authors/ucroderick1f.htm).

Why is there so much interest in M-lines?

Over the past five years many genealogists have been turning to genetic genealogy to learn more about their ancestry. Several companies now offer genetic testing that will allow you to determine information such as your ethnic group. These tests are particularly useful to determine deep ancestry. Your DNA markers will place you in what is called a haplogroup and you can then get an idea of your ancestors’ migratory routes as they left Africa. Continue reading

January 2, 2009 Posted by | . | , | 3 Comments