Late updates April 27th, 2017
Gabriel, Archie Albert | Montour, Annie
Gabriel, Bernard | Jacob, Gladys
Married: 8 Sep 1914 Oka | Kanesatake | L’Annociation Parish Continue reading
Latest updates April 25th, 2017
Tahente Leclair, John | Lefebvre Tekahentakwas, Marie
Married: February 17th, 1896 Kahnawa:ke | Caughnawaga | St-Francois-Xavier Parish
Tahri Paul, Paul Wilfrid | Bonspille, Rose-Anna Marie
Married: June 10th 1919 Oka | Deux Montagnes | L’Annonciation
Tahonaienton, Laurent | Kanorenkwa, Marie Anne
Married: Before 1837
Tahronhioto, John / Otsinowmanion Stacey, Marie Joseph
Married: Before 1871
Taiahenre Delorimier Elms, Pierre | Beauvais Katsitsienhawe, Suzanne Emma
Married: April 4th, 1910 Kahnawake |Caughnawaga | St-Francois-Xavier Parish
Taiekenri, Joseph | Skawennenha Rice, Anne
Married: Before 1840 Continue reading
Latest updates April 25th, 2017
Michakwatokwe, Takwagenen Simone | Nipichikwe, Elisabeth
Married: Before 1835
Michaud, Edmond | Bacon, Germaine NEW
Married: late 1950s
Michel, Joseph | Courtoie, Marguerite
Married: 1921 Saguenauy | Mingan
Mikan(s),/Mikons, Francois | Mayaokamkokwe, Marie-Anne
Married: 1826 Deux-Montagnes | Oka
Mikan(s)/Mikons, Louis | Andre, Marie-Catherine
Married: 1863 Deux-Montagnes | Oka
Mikkima, Francois | Unknown surname, M.Louise NEW
Married: before 1833
Mikkima, Pierre Nicolas | Opimadjiwanokwe, Cecile Upd.
Married: July 8th, 1833 Oka | Deux-Montagnes | L’Annonciation
Mik(k)onini, Francois | Tshikanti, Catherine Upd. Continue reading
Latest updates April 25th, 2017
Eaokikajowit, Jacques | Kiwedjiwanokwe, Ellen
Married: Junly 15th, 1874 Gatineau | Maniwaki | L’Assomption-de-la-B.V.M.
Eaokikajowit, Jacques | Matowagawokwe, Marie NEW
Married: July 15th, 1874 Gatineau | Maniwaki | L’Assomption-de-la-B.V.M.
Eatatchiourat, Jacob | Kapatagan, Marie
Married: 1682 Saguenay | Betsiamites
Edwards, James | White, Margaret Upd. Continue reading
The Conversion of the Oka Indians (1877) | Kanenrakenhiate, Morrison, Mercier, Dougall, de Laronde, Matthewson, Rivet
Chief Louis’ Narrative of the way the Indians turned Portestants – No white Protestants had any part in their conversion.
Chief Louis Kanenrakenhiate, second chief of the Protestant Oka Indians, has given us, by word of mouth, the following interesting history of the causes which led to the conversion of the Indians, and the manner in which their conversion came about, which ought to be sufficient to set aside all fallacious speculations bout the Methodists having gone among them to sow the seed of discontent and discord between the Seminary and their wards. Chief Louis’ own version of the affair, from the beginning, is as follows :-
“Previous to our leaving the Church of Rome, I had for a long time been convinced of the errors of its doctrines and teaching. This conviction was formed by reading a copy of the Bible which I had bought of a colporteur (of what denomination of Christians I do not know) at a shanty. Before declaring myself at variance with the Roman Catholic Church, I was for some time a Protestant in heart, although I went with the Catholics, waiting for companions to make the demission with me. Having been refused by the Seminary the privilege of cutting wood, and being reduced to starvation, we (Indians) held a meeting in July, 1867, and decided to go to the Seminary and ask for liberty to cut wood and use and sell it for our own profit. Mr. Mercier, the cure, positively refused our demand, when the chiefs, speaking fo the Indians, said “If you will not give us this privilege we will leave you.” Mr. Mercier replied mockingly, “I will help you.”
We then decided to petition the Government at Ottawa for our rights, and the Government was approached on our behalf, but without success. On the 26th February, 1868, we again waiting upon the priests, and told them we would have nothing more to do with them. This exasperated the latter, who, eight days after, had a number of us arrested and confined in jail at Ste. Scholastique and after sixteen days’ imprisonment we were released on bail.
Soon after I went to Mr. de Laronde, notary, of St. Andrews, to obtain his official advice in the matter. I told him that I and Chiefs Joseph and John, had become Protestants, and although not a Methodist himself, he advised us to to to Mr. J. A. Matthewson in Montreal and to join ourselves to the Methodists. We three chiefs came to Montreal and saw Mr. Mathewson, who took us to Mr. Dougall, in the WITNESS office, St. James street. Mr. Mathewson counselled us to go up to Caughnawaga, where a Mr. Morrison was laboring. We went up and spent the Sabbath there, returning again to Montreal, and thence back home to Oka.
The three chiefs, in the names of some fifty-eight families of the Indians, then sent to the cure a written demission from the Church of Rome. No Protestant had interfered to induce us to become Protestants, but we had decided before coming to Montreal to leave the Roman Catholic Church. After having been refused by the Seminary the liberty to cut wood on our land, we said to Father Mercier that we would apply to Government for the right, and added that if we had to look out for ourselves for our physical welfare, we would also do the same or our spiritual welfare, we would adopt a religion of our own. Mr. Mercier replied, “well, my children, you shall have your religion, and also try to reclaim your property.”
There were among us some who were more disposed to join the Church of England, and some the Presbyterian Church. However, I came down again to Montreal, telling our people, at a council held at Oka, that I was going to engage the first minister I could find to come and be our missionary. Mr. Matthewson introduced me in Montreal to a young minister named Xavier Rivet, and he consenting to go with me, Mr. Matthewson said he was just the man for us.
This was on a Wednesday or Thursday, the last week in May, 1868. On the Saturday following, Mr. Rivet went up to Oka with me, and on Sunday he held services with us; we had a good meeting, and larger that I expected. During the same summer. Mr. Mathewson introduced us three chiefs and our missionary Mr. Rivet to Mr. Bellingham, member of the Provincial Parliament for Argenteuil County, to whom we presented our condition, and asked him to interpose on our behalf.
At or about the same date, Mr. Mathewson also took us to the gentlemen of the Seminary in Montreal, whom we asked for assistance, but they positively refused us any, saying that they would give us “not a sou nor work, nor anything else.” From that time, friends in Montreal interested themselves in our behalf and helped us, which they have continued to do until now. Mr. Rivet remained with us a year; Mr. Parent, our present missionary then came and stopped with us a year, and was succeed by Rev. Mr. Sichle, who was our missionary for two years. After him, Mr. Parent was again sent back to us and has been with us ever since.
Chief Louis, whose narrative is given above, moved from Oka to Caughnawaga eight months since, as he could not obtain a living for his family at the former place. Chief Joseph has a mission at Caughnawaga, and holds services there about once a fortnight. There are a number of Protestant Indian families int he place, and Chief Louis says all the Indians there sympathize with their Oka brethren.
Source: The Montreal Daily Witness, June 29, 1877
Oka [Kanesatake] Native Surnames | Canada Census 1901 and 1911
Aiennatha – André – Angus – Anonharshen – Anonkeriska – Antennion – Ararkon – Arerhon
Arihote – Arissakexka – Ariwakenka – Beauchemin – Beauvais – Bonspille – Canada – Carinth
Cathenier – Catherine/Cathrine – Catrine – Cawenose – Coal – Cook – Corinthe – Cree/Crii
Denis – Decker/Dicker – Etienne – Ferguson – Frett/Freet – Gabriel – Gaspé – Guy – Jacobs
James – Johnson – Kaherontha – KanataKonsa – Kanatshonra – Kanentakenr? – Kapia
Karinie – Karissio – Karoniakeron – Kataronthie/Katorontie – Kontitie – Labre – Laflèche Continue reading
Updated April 26th, 2017
Wabakonini, Alexandre | Pitawakamakwe, Marie
Married: 1838 Deux-Montagnes | Oka
Wabamorini, Michel | Croteau, Marie
Married: January 8th, 1855 Gatineau Maniwaki L’assumption-de-la-B.-V.M.
Wabanonik, Jean | Brown, Anna
Married: 1934 Abitibi | Senneterre Continue reading
Latest Updates April 27th, 2017
Saagite Morisseau, Joseph | Portneuf, Agnes
Married: Before 1856
Sabijins, Francois | Nedjiasanokse, Angelique
Married: 1857 Oka | Deux Montagnes
Sacqueeppee Sakepe, Joachim | D’Ailleboust-des-Museaux, Angelique
Married: August 28th, 1769 Caughnawaga | St-Francois-Xavier Parish
Sacquespee Sakepe, Joachim | Delorinier (Delorimier?) Jeanne UPD.
Married: September 9th, 1733 Lachine | Sts-Anges Parish
Sadokis Msadoques/Psatoques, Francois | Degonzague, Therese Continue reading
Latest updates April 25th, 2017
Pacikin, William | Pakiwcialian, Scolastique
Married: 1857 Maniwaki | Gatineau | L’assomption-de-la-B.V.M.
Pag8etchiline, Hamon | 8sagaheban8k8e, Susanne
Married: 1791 Oka | Deux Montagnes
Paiabinatch, Louis | Pitabanokwe, Angelique
Married: 1800 Oka | Deux-Montagnes
Paiapinate, Paul | Kiseiabanokse, Madeleine
Married: July 19th, 1851 Oka | Deux Montagnes | L’Annonciation Parish
Latest update April 25th, 2017
Oake(s), Jean Baptiste | Cook Jacobs, Marie
Married: June 21st, 1949 Akwesasne | St-Regis Parish
Oake(s), Jean Baptiste | Tekahawakwen Stady, Elizabeth
Married: July 21st, 1942
Oake(s), Joseph | Friday, Marie
Married: September 2nd, 1946
Oake(s), Louis Levi | Mitchell, Annabelle
Married: January 1st, 1948 Akwesasne | St-Regis Parish
Oake(s), Michel | King, Anastasie
Married: Before 1949
Oakes, Mitchell | Phillips, Theresa
Married: Before 1950s