A Canadian Family

Natives, French Canadians & Acadians

MICE – MUSQ | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Marriages of Eastern Canada

MICE - MUSQ  |  Native - First Peoples - Metis  | CDN Marriage Extracts


Latest updates February 2018


Micen Whiteduck Cabwewithang, Joseph | Montreuil, Cecile

Married: May 26th, 1868 Oka | QC



Michakwatokwe, Takwagenen Simone | Nipichikwe, Elisabeth

Married: Before 1835

Michaud, Edmond | Bacon, Germaine 

Married: late 1950s Continue reading

April 20, 2017 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

EAGL – EYAJ | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Marriages of Eastern Canada


EAGL - EYAJ  | Native - First Peoples - Metis  |   CDN Marriage Extracts


Latest updates February 2018


Eagle, Joseph | Isaac, Rebecca

Married: February 17th, 1902 Parry Sound | ON

Eagle, Joseph | Pawis, Sarah

Married: September 1st, 1889 Shawanagee | ON

Eagle, Joseph | Numnaynanaquod, Mary Anne

Married: before 1909

Eagle, Peter | Bowteekomine, Mary

Married: before 1902

Eaokikajowit, Jacques | Kiwedjiwanokwe, Ellen

Married: July 15th, 1874 Gatineau | Maniwaki | L’Assomption-de-la-B.V.M. | QC

Eaokikajowit, Jacques | Matowagawokwe, Marie 

Married: July 15th, 1874  Gatineau | Maniwaki | L’Assomption-de-la-B.V.M. | QC

Eatatchiourat, Jacob | Kapatagan, Marie

Married: 1682  Saguenay | Betsiamites | QC Continue reading

April 19, 2017 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Conversion of the Oka Indians (1877) | Kanenrakenhiate, Morrison, Mercier, Dougall, de Laronde, Matthewson, Rivet

Chief Louis’ Narrative of the way the Indians turned Portestants – No white Protestants had any part in their conversion.

Chief Louis Kanenrakenhiate, second chief of the Protestant Oka Indians, has given us, by word of mouth, the following interesting history of the causes which led to the conversion of the Indians, and the manner in which their conversion came about, which ought to be sufficient to set aside all fallacious speculations bout the Methodists having gone among them to sow the seed of discontent and discord between the Seminary and their wards. Chief Louis’ own version of the affair, from the beginning, is as follows :-

“Previous to our leaving the Church of Rome, I had for a long time been convinced of the errors of its doctrines and teaching. This conviction was formed by reading a copy of the Bible which I had bought of a colporteur (of what denomination of Christians I do not know) at a shanty. Before declaring myself at variance with the Roman Catholic Church, I was for some time a Protestant in heart, although I went with the Catholics, waiting for companions to make the demission with me. Having been refused by the Seminary the privilege of cutting wood, and being reduced to starvation, we (Indians) held a meeting in July, 1867, and decided to go to the Seminary and ask for liberty to cut wood and use and sell it for our own profit. Mr. Mercier, the cure, positively refused our demand, when the chiefs, speaking fo the Indians, said “If you will not give us this privilege we will leave you.” Mr. Mercier replied mockingly, “I will help you.”

We then decided to petition the Government at Ottawa for our rights, and the Government was approached on our behalf, but without success. On the 26th February, 1868, we again waiting upon the priests, and told them we would have nothing more to do with them. This exasperated the latter, who, eight days after, had a number of us arrested and confined in jail at Ste. Scholastique and after sixteen days’ imprisonment we were released on bail.

Soon after I went to Mr. de Laronde, notary, of St. Andrews, to obtain his official advice in the matter. I told him that I and Chiefs Joseph and  John, had become Protestants, and although not a Methodist himself, he advised us to to to Mr. J. A. Matthewson in Montreal and to join ourselves to the Methodists. We three chiefs came to Montreal and saw Mr. Mathewson, who took us to Mr. Dougall, in the WITNESS office, St. James street. Mr. Mathewson counselled us to go up to Caughnawaga, where a Mr. Morrison was laboring. We went up and spent the Sabbath there, returning again to Montreal, and thence back home to Oka.

The three chiefs, in the names of some fifty-eight families of the Indians, then sent to the cure a written demission from the Church of Rome. No Protestant had interfered to induce us to become Protestants, but we had decided before coming to Montreal to leave the Roman Catholic Church. After having been refused by the Seminary the liberty to cut wood on our land, we said to Father Mercier that we would apply to Government for the right, and added that if we had to look out for ourselves for our physical welfare, we would also do the same or our spiritual welfare, we would adopt a religion of our own. Mr. Mercier replied, “well, my children, you shall have your religion, and also try to reclaim your property.”

There were among us some who were more disposed to join the Church of England, and some the Presbyterian Church. However, I came down again to Montreal, telling our people, at a council held at Oka, that I was going to engage the first minister I could find to come and be our missionary. Mr. Matthewson introduced me in Montreal to a young minister named Xavier Rivet, and he consenting to go with me, Mr. Matthewson said he was just the man for us.

This was on a Wednesday or Thursday, the last week in May, 1868. On the Saturday following, Mr. Rivet went up to Oka with me, and on Sunday he held services with us; we had a good meeting, and larger that I expected. During the same summer. Mr. Mathewson introduced us three chiefs and our missionary Mr. Rivet to Mr. Bellingham, member of the Provincial Parliament for Argenteuil County, to whom we presented our condition, and asked him to interpose on our behalf.

At or about the same date, Mr. Mathewson also took us to the gentlemen of the Seminary in Montreal, whom we asked for assistance, but they positively refused us any, saying that they would give us “not  a sou nor work, nor anything else.” From that time, friends in Montreal interested themselves in our behalf and helped us, which they have continued to do until now. Mr. Rivet remained with us a year; Mr. Parent, our present missionary then came and stopped with us a year, and was succeed by Rev. Mr. Sichle, who was our missionary for two years. After him, Mr. Parent was again sent back to us and has been with us ever since.

Chief Louis, whose narrative is given above, moved from Oka to Caughnawaga eight months since, as he could not obtain a living for his family at the former place. Chief Joseph has a mission at Caughnawaga, and holds services there about once a fortnight. There are a number of Protestant Indian families int he place, and Chief Louis says all the Indians there sympathize with their Oka brethren.

Source: The Montreal Daily Witness, June 29, 1877

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April 7, 2017 Posted by | . | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Oka Census Surnames | Iroquois Mohawk

Updated Nov. 2017

Index: Native Surname Census Extracts

This is part of a larger project to locate surnames carried by Natives, First Peoples and Metis in Eastern Canada. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. Note: There are regular updates including external links (e.g. maps, encyclopedia) and added information (e.g. specific tribal affiliations). The companion series – Native/First Peoples/Metis Surnames of Eastern Canada – Marriage Records  – contains many of the same surnames as well as others.

Mohawk Iroquois Surnames | Oka Kanesatake Two Mountains

Census Data:

Enumeration District 23: Oka Indian Reserve, Deux Montagnes, Quebec (1911)

1901 Census records for L’Annonciation A-3 Continue reading

March 29, 2017 Posted by | . | , , , , , | Leave a comment

OAK – OKEM | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Marriages of Eastern Canada

OAK - OKEM  | Native - First Peoples - Metis | CDN Marriage Extracts

Latest update November 2017



Oak, Andrew | Beauvais Boven, Nancy

Married: before 1919

Oake(s), Jean Baptiste | Cook Jacobs, Marie

Married: June 21st, 1949 Akwesasne | St-Regis Parish

Oake(s), Jean Baptiste | Tekahawakwen Stady, Elizabeth

Married: July 21st, 1942

Oake(s), Joseph | Friday, Marie

Married: September 2nd, 1946 Continue reading

September 22, 2012 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

KASA – KWEN | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

 First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Marriages of Eastern Canada

KASA - KWEN | Native - First Peoples - Metis | CDN Marriage Extracts


Latest updates February 2018



Kasakikebite, Francois | Meiawabanaokwe, Cecile

Married: 1846 1846 Maniwaki | Gatineau | QC

Kasennakeron Canadien, George | Laforce Karonhienhawe, Marie 

Married: 21 Nov 1898 Kahnawa:ke | Caughnawaga | St-Francois-Xavier Parish| QC

Kasennase, Louis | Nelson Tiasenhon, Philomene   

Married: September 13th, 1859  Oka | Kanesatake | Deux-Montagnes| QC Continue reading

March 25, 2012 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , | 8 Comments

KAAN – KAMU | Native – First Peoples – Metis [CDN Marriage Extracts]

First Peoples Genealogy and History

Index: Native/First Peoples/Metis Marriages of Eastern Canada

KAAN - KAMU | Native - First Peoples - Metis | CDN Marriage Extracts


Latest Updates January 2018



Kaanabanoketc, Amable | Kiweensokwe, Marguerite 

Married: July 26th, 1842 Oka | Kanesatake | L’Annonciation Parish | QC

Kaahabanoketc, Meiawickawetc Ignace | Nawadjikijikokwe, Genevieve 

Married: Before 1842



Kaboosa, George | Abitasoner, Helen

Married: before 1898

Kabaoosa, George | Unknown surname, Obitossaway

Married: before 1906

Kabaoosa, John F | Lesage, France

Married: January 8th, 1924 Garden River | Algoma | ON

Kaboosa, Louis | Steven, Mary

Married: July 10th, 1907 Garden River | Algoma | ON

Kabaoosa, William | Unknown surname, Lucy

Married: before 1907

Kabi8igabia8etch, Boniface | No name, Agathe

Married: 1787  Oka | Kanesatake | Deux Montagnes | QC

Kabiskoutouchemou, Joseph | Kanamatse, Marie Josephte

Married:  July 9th,1759 Colombier | Saguenay | Ste-Anne Parish | QC

Kabikijik, Joachen | Obitarinakwe, Angelique  

Married: 1845 Maniwaki | Gatineau  | L’Assomption-de-la-B.V.M. Parish | QC

Kachenovdin, William | Jacobs, Amelia

Married: December 30th, 1861 Lambton | ON

Kachenovdin, Wanduhsign | Unknown surname, Kuppaasakwa

Married: before 1862

Kadahkegvon, Peter | Unknown surname, Mary

Married: before 1872

Kadahkegvon, Wm | Snake, Mary

Married: September 15th, 1872 Tiny | Simcoe | ON

Kadjo, Moses | Ishkuander, Madelaine

Married: before 1919

Ka8ehniio, Michel | Tia8entathe, Marie Anne

Married: 1867 Akwesasne | Huntingdon | QC

Kagagini, John | Ashawasiga, Nancy

Married: before 1927

Kagagini, Matthew John | Mcgrauth, Sophia Jane

Married: November 19th, 1927

Kagaki Pwanichin, Louis | Anikon Netjiwanok, Marie

Married: 1803 Oka | Kanesatake | Deux Montagnes | QC

Kagheogai Kaghesongai, Alfred | Ogemah, Ida

Married: June 28th, 1926 Little Current | Manitoulin | ON

Ingersol(l), Sampson | Peters, Sara

Married: before 1902

Kagigebi, John | Niganijigok, Mary

Married: before 1878

Kagigegabaws, Paul | Kidani, Elizabeth

Married: before 1889

Kagilchekamikwe, Joseph | No known surname, Marie

Married: Before 1853



Kaheaienton, Louis | Kanstiaks, Cecile

Married: 1883 Akwesasne | Huntingdon | QC

Kahenwoton, Louis | Tiowonse, Marie-Anne

Married: 1805 Oka | Deux-Montagnes | QC

Kahenwoton, Louis | Tiowonse, Marie Anne

Maried:  1805 Oka | Kanesatake | Deux Montagnes | Q

Kahgee, Amos | Nawash, Lucy

Married: January 19th, 1907 Saugeen | Bruce | ON



Kaherakeron, Louis | Konwenni, Anne

Married: 1928 Akwesasne | Huntingdon | QC

Kaheraien, Jacques | Kiatiostha, Cecile

Married: June 10th, 1910 Akwesasne | Ahkwesáhsne | St-Regis Parish | QC

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January 28, 2012 Posted by | . | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment