A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Boucher | Beaver, Cree, Metis Mixed heritage-Ojibway/French, Cree/French, French/Pagan | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!




  • Surname lists: Surname Anchor Posts,  Metis (ON)
  • Regions:  Alberta, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan
  • Ethnicity:  Metis, Beaver, Cree, Mixed heritage-Ojibway/French, Mixed heritage-Cree/French, Mixed heritage-French, Pagan
  • Associated surnames:   (a)  Adam dit Laramee, Anamikwaam, Arcand, Arnault, Auger  (b)  Beaudry, Bannan, Beausoleil, Beaver, Begin, Belanger, Belette / Blette, Bellefleur, Bird, Boucher, Boertin, Breland, Bremner, Brissette, Brouselle, Bruneau, Bush  (c) Cardinal, Charbonneau, Charlebois, Chretien, Collin / Colin, Comtois, Cote, Cyr  (d) Daniel, Decoine, Degonzague, Delorme, Desnomme, Deschamps, Desjardins, Desjarlais, Desmarais, Dion, Ducharme, Dupand, Dupuis  (f) Fagnan, Firth, Flett, Fletcher, Fleury  (g) Gabakade, Gagnon, Gendron, Galliano,  Gendron, Girard / Girroir, Giroux, Gladu, Gouin, Gregoire (h) Harkness, Harpe, Harrison, Hodgson, Houle, Hubert, Hull,  (j) Janvier, Johnson, Jones  (k) Kenasseul, Kirton, Klyne  (l) Ladouceur, Lacroix, Lafond, Lake, Langlade / Longlade, Lafreniere / Lefreniere, Lapierre, Larocque, Laronde / de Laronde, Larose, Laurin, Lavallee, Leblanc, Legris, Lesperance, Lerncouer, Lessard, L’Hirondelle / L’Hyrondelle, Lemaigre, Lemire, Lesage, Lessard, Letendre, Longneck, Louision  (m) Marcelle, Marcellais, Marion, McCarthy, McDonall / Mcdonald, McDougall, McGillray, Mercredi, Minsey, Montagnais, Morais, Morin, Morrow  (n) Nabese, Nanakowgabo, Nault  (o) Odesse / Odest, Ogidjidabinens, Onakahahis, Osawatchikwan  (p) Paquette, Pambrun, Pelletier, Perrault, Piette, Plante, Potvin, Powder  (r) Racette, Ratfat, Riel, Robitaille, Robinson (s) Salois, Satureneau, Sauve, Savoyard, Sayer, Schellin / Scheling, Sicard, Suliere / Sulliere / Sully, St. Denis, St. Germain, St. Luc, Swan  (t) Taylor, Therrien, Toby, Todd, Trottier, Trudeau, Tsse Ankwi Hchyouza  (v) Vallee, Velner, Wabisliguanis  (w) Ward, Wepitipam Powder.
  • Misc.: 
  • 1.  Alternate spellings of Boucher include Bushey, Bushie, Bushier and Bouchee.
  • 2. A formally recognized line of Ontario Metis Bouchers descends from Joseph Boucher and Nanette Deschamps, through their offspring: Luke Boucher (m. Jane Mary), Paul Boucher (m. Josephine Gabakade & Anastasia Mary Ogidtabanens), Thomas Boucher (m. Catherine), Ann Boucher (m. Francis Dupand & Frank Larose). Joseph and Nanette were recorded in the 1881 census  under the surname Bouchee 
  • 3. Jean-Baptiste Boucher  accompanied the explorer Simon Fraser on his trips of discovery in Canada’s west in 1806 – 1808, stayed out west and in 1811 married James McDougall’s Metis daughter Nancy McDougall. He was then employed (1813-1814) by the North West Company as an interpreter and became known by his Cree name Waccan.  “In 1828, his half-brother, Duncan Livingston, was killed by Babine Indians. Without hesitation, Waccan left alone on a one hundred thirty-mile trip to seek revenge. He went straight at the murderer in front of several of his friends, shot him point blank and wounded one of the witnesses who appeared to be coming to his aid. Everyone else who was present stayed back, too stupefied by such daring to even think of touching him.”  [Source: Jean-Baptiste Boucher, dit Waccan, by Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute].
  • 4. James Boucher (aka Tshem) (eldest son of the above Jean-Baptiste Boucher and Nancy McDougall), was a Hudson’s Bay Company interpreter at Stuart Lake (Fort Saint James). He was married to Rosalie Plouffe (daughter of Antoine Pouffe and Chaudiere / Carrier woman Angelique Slawa) [Source: James “Tshem” Boucher, by Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute].
  • 4.  (excerpt) “Jean Baptiste Boucher “first settled on lot No. 15, concession 16, Tiny; removed to lot No. 17, concession 17, still occupied by his widow and son, Narcisse Boucher. He was born in Quebec. His family connections include that noted branch of Jean Baptiste Boucher de Chambly, a grandson of M. de Chambly, the original grantee in 1672, who was killed in an Italian campaign. He died at the age of seventy one years, and is buried at Lafontaine.” [Source: Drummond Island Voyageurs, Ontario Historical Society].
  • 5. The 1885 North-West Resistance by the Metis and the Cree, Kainai, Piikani, Saulteaux and Siksika peoples took place against a backdrop of starvation, broken treaties and encroachment by new settlers in Saskatchewan and Alberta. The resistance fighters eventually lost and Canada’s federal government asserted its control over the area.   Many Metis Bouchers were involved (or spouses of those involved) in the Resistance including: Caroline Boucher (m. Louison Sayer, Jr.), Charles Eugene Boucher (m. Helene Letendre), Eva Boucher (m. James Ward), Francois Boucher (m. Eliza, a Dene woman), Francois Boucher (Jr. & Sr.), Jean Baptiste Boucher (Jr. & Sr.), Marie Levina Boucher (m. Mathias Parenteau), Marie-Marguerite Boucher (m. Maxime Lepine), Rose Boucher (m. Moise Bremner), Salomon Boucher (m. Rose Marie Ouellette), William Pierre Boucher.   [Source: Veterans and Families of the 1885  Northwest Resistance, Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute].



Edmonton  | 46 (1911)

Edmonton District | I.R. 149 (1906) 

Edmonton West  |  100   (1921)

The Territories  |  Victoria  |  Fort Chipewyan (1911)

The Territories  |  Lac La Biche  (1901)

The Territories  |  Lac Sainte-Anne (1901)

Victoria  |  Fort Chipewyan (1911)  

Victoria  |  Grand Rapids  (1911) 

Victoria  |  Lac La Biche   (1911)

Victoria  |  Townships 66  (1911)

Boucher in Edmonton East  |  Fort Smith  (1921)      May 2022

Boucher in Edmonton West  |  Lesser Slave Lake Agency I.R. (1921)  May 2022

Bouchers in Battle River  |  67 (1921)  May 2022



New Westminster  |  Dewdney C-6  (1901) 



Dauphin  |  Manitowapak (1911)

Selkirk  |  Berens River   (1901)

Selkirk  |  St. Laurent  (1901)

Boucher in Manitoba Extension |  North Eastern Extension (1881May 2022 



NWT  |  Fort Resolution  (1911)

Boucher in Territories  |  McKenzie  (1881)  May 2022 

Boucher in Northwest Territories  | Fort Smith & Fort Resolution, Hay River (1921)  May 2022



Algoma  |  Fort William (1881)  

Algoma | Lake Superior XX-6  (1901)

Algoma  |  Lake Superior XX-7  (1901)

Algoma  |  Nipigon  (1901)

Algoma  |  Rat Portage M(4)  (1901)  Boucha

Fort William and Rainy River | Indian Reserves (1921)  Baucher?  Mar 2022  

Muskoka & Parry Sound  |  Baxter  [1901) 

Muskoka & Parry Sound  |  Wallbridge & Brown  (1901)

Simcoe East  |  Penetanguishene (Town) (1901)   Apr 2022



Deux-Montagnes  |  Mission de L’Annunciation (1852)  



Saskatchewan District  |  Duck Lake I.R. 96, 97   (1906) 

The Territories  |  Duck Lake Agency  (1901)

The Territories  |  Muskeg Lake   (1901)



Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin C-4  (1901)



ASAI    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


ANAH   [CDN Marriage Extracts]


B …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]   Feb 2022


BAST   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB]


BENA   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [MB-SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


BLAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-MB-ON-QC-SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Upd. Apr 2022


BRAS   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


C …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-MB]


CARI   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON-USA-Western Canada Metis Scirp]


CLOU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


COON   [CDN Marriage Extracts]    [Western Canada Metis Scrip]


D …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


DELM    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [BC-MB-ON-SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]   Upd. Apr 2022


DOKIS  [CDN Marriage Extracts] [MB-ON]


F …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


G  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-ON]   Upd. April 2022


GIRO   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


H …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


HERY   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-ON]


JACQ   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-ON]


KASA    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


L  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] [ON-SK] 


LAHO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip] 


LAUG   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


LESO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


MARB   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


MCCU   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-ON-USA] 


MOBE [CDN Marriage Extracts  [SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


O …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]   Bouchier   Apr 2022


OKAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts] 


P  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-USA-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


PETE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON]


PIGE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


R  …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB-MB-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


ROBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON] 


S …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [SK-Western Canada Metis Scrip]


SAUN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip] 


THOR   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [ON-Western Canada Metis Scrip] 


W …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [AB]




Main Index: Canadian Census Extracts by Region & by Nation

Index: Canadian Marriage Extracts in Alphabetical Order



They Passed Through Kahnawake: E. Bellefleur and J. Boucher

They Passed Through Kahnawake: A. Pinsonneault and A. Demarbre

Extract: Indian Affairs Annual Report (1903) | Surnames: Boucher …..

French Canadian Pioneers: The Bouchers of Quebec



Boucher, Jean-Baptiste / John B , newspaper biography [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

North-West Resistance [The Canadian Encyclopedia]



November 22, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , , ,

1 Comment »

  1. Hi I have been searching for information on the Boucher name for years. My great grandmother was Julia Boucher married to William Hanlon. Prince Edward Island Canada. Both people moved to the Island from Newfoundland, in the 1800s very interesting read.thank you.


    Comment by Kay mark | July 12, 2022 | Reply

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