A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Ross | BC First Nations, Metis,  Montagnais, Tukudh Mixed-heritage: Cree, Montagnais | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  


  • Purpose: 
    • The goal of these Surname Anchor Posts is to answer these questions: Based on settler documents, has my surname ever been associated with indigenous people in what is now called CanadaIf so, where and when did it occurAnd finally, with which specific peoples was my surname associated?  Note: These posts are just a Finding Aide to help you continue with your own in-depth research. This project is constantly updated but will never be complete 🙂
  • Regions:  
    • These are the regions where the Ross surnames appear in census and/or marriage documents: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Western Canada.
    • Note: Please see the Census District section down below for links to posts with more location-based information.
  • Ethnicity:  
    • These are the ethnicities recorded for the Ross surname in census records as well as Metis scrip and marriage documents: Metis,  Montagnais, Tukudh, Mixed-heritage: Cree, Montagnais. Note: Please see the Census District section below for links to census posts that list ethnicity by location.
  • Associated surnames:  
    • These are the surnames of Ross spouses. Note: Please see the Marriages section down below to reach posts containing my marriage transcriptions.
    • Allard, Black, Breland (Upd. 2023),  Caissie, Charles, Constant, Cunningham
    • Dagneau, Delorme, Deschamps, Deschenes, Dominique, Ducharme, Dumont
    • Fidler, Fisher, Flett,  Fraser
    • Gervais, Gladu, Grant, Green
    • Harriott, Harris, Henry, Higgins, Houle
    • Kanentakonhra, Kennedy (Upd. 2023), 
    • Lafontaine, Lafournaise, Lapierre, Laplante, Lauder, Leclair, Lefort
    • Malboeuf, Malcolm, Marion, Matheson, McBeath / McBeth, McKenzie, Moar, Monick / Karonhienhawitha (Upd. 2023)
    • Moore, Moreau / Morrow, Murray
    • Parenteau, Peebles, Pelletier, Piche, Poitras, Pruden
    • Sansregret, Short, Simpson
    • Roy, Tait, Thibault, Thorn, Tourond
    • Vandal (Upd. 2023), Vincent, Walsh / Wells, Young.
  • Misc.:  
    • This is where I place scattered bits of information from my Archives.
    • 1. One line of Ross Metis descends from Donald Ross (a Scotsman who worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company) and his Scottish wife Mary McBeath through their children: Donald Ross (m. Annie McKenzie), Roderick Ross (m. Victoria Ellen Harriot), Annabelle Ross (m. Charles Edward McDermot & then Curtis James Bird), Christina Ross (m. Bernard Rogan Ross), Frances Ross (m. Curtis James Bird), Jane / Jean Ross  (m. James Hunter), Jessie Ross (m. Robert Clouston), Mary Ross (m. William Rowand & Frank Villiers). These are all Red River Rosses.  
    • 2. My marriage database contains both Innu Montagnais First Nations individuals as well as mixed Montagnais / French marriages as listed in a study by the Communauté Métisse du Domaine du Roy et de la Seigneurie de Mingan.  Some mixed French/Montagnais descendants self-identify as Metis (see Etienne Rivard’s discussion paper). 
    • 3.  In 1872/1873 , a government survey was undertaken to determine the precise international border between Canada and the U.S.A.  Part of the survey was assisted by Metis guides and Chippewa men who were employed as scouts.   One of these scouts was George Ross and Catherine Berland’s son, James Ross.  [Source: The Boundary Commission’s Metis Scouts: The 49th Rangers, Larry Haag & Lawrence Barkwell]. 
    • 4. There were many Rosses (or their spouses) involved in the 1885 Resistance. They were: Bethsy Ross (m. John Sansregret dit Pontbriand), Blandine Ross (m. Maurice Henry), Cuthbert Ross, Donald Ross (m. Catherine Delorme), Eliza Ross (m. Cuthbert Fidler), Enoch Ross, Florestine Ross (m. John Lavallee), John Ross Jr. (m. Rose Parenteau), Julie Ross (m. William Thorn), Louis Ross, Madeleine Ross (m. Antoine Lafontaine dit Faillant), Marie-Adele Ross (m. Louis Ross), Marie-Andronique Ross (m. Louis Marion), Marie-Rosine Ross (m. Boniface Lefort),  Nancy Ross (m. Francois Piche)  and Philomene Roussain (m. Louis Dumont dit Cayole). The 1885 North-West Resistance included Metis and other indigenous peoples (Cree, Kainai, Piikani, Saulteaux and Siksika) and was in response to broken treaties, starvation and encroachment on their lands by new settlers in what are now Saskatchewan and Alberta. The resistance fighters were defeated and Canada’s federal government asserted its control over the area.    [Source: Veterans and Families of the 1885  Northwest Resistance, Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute]. 




Terr.  |  Athabaska (1901)

Terr.  |  Duhamel  (1901)

Terr.  |  Lac Sainte-Anne  (1901)

Terr.  |  Saddle Lake, Whitefish Lake (1901)


Aboriginal Agencies  |  Fraser Agency B-3  (1901)  

Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 48  (1911)

Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 49    (1911)

Kootenay  |  Lower Kootenay Reserve  (1911) 


Dauphin  |  Manitowapak  (1911)

Macdonald  |  Rosses in Portage La Prairie   (1901)

Marquette  |  Birtle Agency  (1921)

NWT  |  Cross Lake Post  (1911)

NWT  |  Nelson House  (1911)

NWT  |  The Pas, Cumber …  (1911)

Portage La Prairie  |  Long Plain (1911)

Selkirk  |  Fisher River  (1911)

Selkirk  |  Jack Hd., Fisher Riv., Peg. Hodgson  (1921)

Selkirk  |  St. Andrew’s  (1901) 

Selkirk  |  St. Francois-Xavier n-1 (1901) 

Waywayseecappos | Marquette (1911)

Northwest Territories

NWT  |  Fort McPherson  (1911)

Northwest Territories  |  Fort Providence  (1911)


Algoma  |  Rat Portage and Savanne Agency XX-2  (1901)

Lambton West  |  Sarnia I.R.   (1911)

NWT   | Lac Seul   (1911)


Chateauguay  |  Sault St. Louis   (1901)

Chateauguay Huntingdon  |  St. Regis I.R.  (1921)

Chicoutimi & Saguenay, Unorg. Terr.  (1881) 

Chicoutimi-Saguenay  |  Bersimis Escoumins  (1921)

Laprairie-Napierville  |  Caughnawaga I.R.  (1921)

Pontiac-Temiscamingue-Abitibi  |  Rupert House  (1921)


Battleford  | Indian Reserves  49  (1911)

Battleford |   Indian Reserves 52  (1911)

Prince Albert  |  Petaquakeys I.R.  (1911)

Terr.  |  Carleton Agency  (1901)

Terr.  |  Dauphinais   (1901)

Terr.  |  Duck Lake  (1901)

Terr.  |  Egg Lake  (1901)

Terr.  |  Muskeg Lake   (1901)

Terr.  |  Muskowpehung & File Hills   (1901)

Terr.  |  Pas Agency 4   (1901)

Terr.  |  Sask. District 42A   (1906)

Saltcoats Melville (Town)  (1921) 


Unorg. Terr.  |  Athabaska A-8   (1901)

Unorg. Terr.  |  Keewatin C-6  (1901)



AION  [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

BENA  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

C …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

CARI  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

COON  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

DELM   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [QC]

DOKIS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

F  ….   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

G  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  

GIRO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

H  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada MetisScrip]

HERY  [CDN Marriage Extracts]

KANA  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

L  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

LAHO  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

LAUG   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

M …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

MARB   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

MICE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

P  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

PETE   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

PIGE    [CDN Marriage Extracts]

ROBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]    [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

S …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

SIMO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

THAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

THOR    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

V  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

W …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

WHE–Z    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]



Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 201 – 220

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 241 – 260

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 261 – 280

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 281 – 300



North-West Resistance [The Canadian Encyclopedia]

Ross, Donald [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Ross, Henrietta [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Ross Sally  [Dictionary of Canadian Biography]



December 13, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , ,

1 Comment »

  1. My g grandfather was Edward Ross. The first name Edward is not common. Is it possible that he used Edward but had another name also ie: James Edward or John Edward? If that is the case, how would I verify that?


    Comment by marlenesouliere | May 20, 2022 | Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s