A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Ross | BC First Nations, Metis,  Montagnais, Tukudh Mixed-heritage: Cree, Montagnais, Scottish | Surname Anchor Post

Index:  Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Each of these posts is dedicated to one surname that is carried by someone connected to indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage people in Canada.  Please be aware that it’s a synthesis of the information I’ve collected in my personal research throughout the years and is by no means complete!


  • Surname lists: Surname Anchor Posts, Iroquois, Metis (ON)
  • Regions:  Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Western Canada
  • Ethnicity:  Metis,  Montagnais, Tukudh, Mixed-heritage: Cree, Montagnais, Scottish
  • Associated surnames:  Allard, Black, Caissie, Charles, Constant, Cunningham, Dagneau, Delorme, Deschamps, Deschenes, Dominique, Ducharme, Dumont,  Fidler, Fisher, Flett,  Fraser, Gervais, Gladu, Grant, Green, Harriott, Harris, Henry, Higgins, Houle, Kanentakonhra / Ross, Lafontaine, Lafournaise, Lapierre, Laplante, Lauder, Leclair, Lefort, Malboeuf, Malcolm, Marion, Matheson, McBeath / McBeth, McKenzie, Moar, Moore, Moreau / Morrow, Murray, Parenteau, Peebles, Pelletier, Piche, Poitras, Pruden, Sansregret, Short, Simpson, Roy, Tait, Thibault, Thorn, Tourond, Vincent, Walsh / Wells, Young
  • Misc.:  
  • 1. One line of Ross Metis descends from Donald Ross (a Scotsman who worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company) and his Scottish wife Mary McBeath through their children: Donald Ross (m. Annie McKenzie), Roderick Ross (m. Victoria Ellen Harriot), Annabelle Ross (m. Charles Edward McDermot & then Curtis James Bird), Christina Ross (m. Bernard Rogan Ross), Frances Ross (m. Curtis James Bird), Jane / Jean Ross  (m. James Hunter), Jessie Ross (m. Robert Clouston), Mary Ross (m. William Rowand & Frank Villiers). These are all Red River Rosses.  
  • 2. My marriage database contains both Innu Montagnais First Nations individuals as well as mixed Montagnais / French marriages as listed in a study by the Communauté Métisse du Domaine du Roy et de la Seigneurie de Mingan.  Some mixed French/Montagnais descendants self-identify as Metis (see Etienne Rivard’s discussion paper). 
  • 3.  In 1872/1873 , a government survey was undertaken to determine the precise international border between Canada and the U.S.A.  Part of the survey was assisted by Metis guides and Chippewa men who were employed as scouts.   One of these scouts was George Ross and Catherine Berland’s son, James Ross.  [Source: The Boundary Commission’s Metis Scouts: The 49th Rangers, Larry Haag & Lawrence Barkwell]. 
  • 4. There were many Rosses (or their spouses) involved in the 1885 Resistance. They were: Bethsy Ross (m. John Sansregret dit Pontbriand), Blandine Ross (m. Maurice Henry), Cuthbert Ross, Donald Ross (m. Catherine Delorme), Eliza Ross (m. Cuthbert Fidler), Enoch Ross, Florestine Ross (m. John Lavallee), John Ross Jr. (m. Rose Parenteau), Julie Ross (m. William Thorn), Louis Ross, Madeleine Ross (m. Antoine Lafontaine dit Faillant), Marie-Adele Ross (m. Louis Ross), Marie-Andronique Ross (m. Louis Marion), Marie-Rosine Ross (m. Boniface Lefort),  Nancy Ross (m. Francois Piche)  and Philomene Roussain (m. Louis Dumont dit Cayole). The 1885 North-West Resistance included Metis and other indigenous peoples (Cree, Kainai, Piikani, Saulteaux and Siksika) and was in response to broken treaties, starvation and encroachment on their lands by new settlers in what are now Saskatchewan and Alberta. The resistance fighters were defeated and Canada’s federal government asserted its control over the area.    [Source: Veterans and Families of the 1885  Northwest Resistance, Lawrence Barkwell, Louis Riel Institute]. 



The Territories  |  Athabaska (1901)

The Territories  |  Duhamel  (1901)

The Territories  |  Lac Sainte-Anne  (1901)

The Territories  |  Saddle Lake, Whitefish Lake (1901)


Aboriginal Agencies  |  Fraser Agency B-3  (1901)  

Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 48  (1911)

Comox-Atlin  |  Atlin 49    (1911)

Kootenay  |  Lower Kootenay Reserve  (1911) 


Dauphin  |  Manitowapak  (1911)

Macdonald  |  Rosses in Portage La Prairie   (1901)

Marquette  |  Birtle Agency  (1921)

NWT  |  Cross Lake Post  (1911)

NWT  |  Nelson House  (1911)

NWT  |  The Pas, Cumber …  (1911)

Portage La Prairie  |  Long Plain (1911)

Selkirk  |  Fisher River  (1911)

Selkirk  |  Jack Hd., Fisher Riv., Peg. Hodgson  (1921)

Selkirk  |  St. Andrew’s  (1901) 

Selkirk  |  St. Francois-Xavier n-1 (1901) 

Waywayseecappos | Marquette (1911)

Northwest Territories

NWT  |  Fort McPherson  (1911)

Northwest Territories  |  Fort Providence  (1911)


Algoma  |  Rat Portage and Savanne Agency XX-2  (1901)

Lambton West  |  Sarnia I.R.   (1911)

NWT   | Lac Seul   (1911)


Chateauguay  |  Sault St. Louis   (1901)

Chateauguay Huntingdon  |  St. Regis I.R.  (1921)

Chicoutimi & Saguenay, Unorg. Terr.  (1881)   Jan 2022

Chicoutimi-Saguenay  |  Bersimis Escoumins  (1921)

Laprairie-Napierville  |  Caughnawaga I.R.  (1921)

Pontiac-Temiscamingue-Abitibi  |  Rupert House  (1921)


Battleford  | Indian Reserves  49  (1911)

Battleford |   Indian Reserves 52  (1911)

Prince Albert  |  Petaquakeys I.R.  (1911)

The Territories  |  Carleton Agency  (1901)

The Territories  |  Dauphinais   (1901)

The Territories  |  Duck Lake  (1901)

The Territories  |  Egg Lake  (1901)

The Territories  |  Muskeg Lake   (1901)

The Territories  |  Muskowpehung & File Hills   (1901)

The Territories  |  Pas Agency 4   (1901)

The Territories  |  Sask. District 42A   (1906)

Saltcoats Melville (Town) Sanitorium, Files Hills Agency, School (1921)  Aug 2022


Unorganized Territories  |  Athabaska A-8   (1901)

Unorganized Territories  |  Keewatin C-6  (1901)


AION  [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

BENA  [CDN Marriage Extracts] 

C …  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

CARI  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

COON  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

DELM   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [QC]

DOKIS   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

F  ….   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

G  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]  

GIRO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

H  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada MetisScrip]

HERY  [CDN Marriage Extracts]

KANA  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [QC]

L  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

LAHO  [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

LAUG   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

M …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

MARB   [CDN Marriage Extracts]

MICE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

P  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

PETE   [CDN Marriage Extracts] [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

PIGE    [CDN Marriage Extracts]

ROBE   [CDN Marriage Extracts]    [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

S …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

SIMO   [CDN Marriage Extracts]   [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

THAN   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

THOR    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

V  …    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

W …   [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]

WHE–Z    [CDN Marriage Extracts]  [Western Canada Metis Scrip]



Main Index: Canadian Census Extracts by Region & by Nation

Index: Canadian Marriage Extracts in Alphabetical Order

Index: First Nations and Metis Surname Lists


Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 201 – 220

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 241 – 260

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 261 – 280

Caughnawaga Census 1921 | Households 281 – 300


North-West Resistance [The Canadian Encyclopedia]

Ross, Donald [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Ross, Henrietta [Gabriel Dumont Institute]

Ross Sally  [Dictionary of Canadian Biography]


December 13, 2020 - Posted by | . | , , ,

1 Comment »

  1. My g grandfather was Edward Ross. The first name Edward is not common. Is it possible that he used Edward but had another name also ie: James Edward or John Edward? If that is the case, how would I verify that?


    Comment by marlenesouliere | May 20, 2022 | Reply

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