A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Index of Canada-wide Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-heritage surnames

The goal of this project to create a series of mini-indexes that make it easier to access information about surnames on this site that are associated with indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage individuals. Each post below serves to reorganize and frequently update information that is currently scattered about the site.

The information is intended for non-indigenous people who are searching for historical family ties to First Nations peoples and who would like to answer this question: Has my surname ever been associated with indigeneous people in Canada and if so, when and where?

This information is not intended for people who are attempting to join specific First Nations or Metis peoples. Each First Nation and Metis organization has its own experts for that purpose. Each nation reaches its own judgement about membership based on its own nation’s knowledge, traditions and community circumstances.

Good luck to everyone in your search for your ancestors of whatever heritage  🙂





Abraham | Chippewayan, Cree, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq


Adam, Laramee | Metis, Algon., Chip., Iroq., Kitimat, Nisga’a, Ojibway, Okanagan, Sioux


Alary  |  Metis, Cree, French


Amyot  |  Metis, Cree, French


Anderson |  Metis, Cree,  Mohawk, Saulteaux, Tuscorara


Antoine | Metis, Algon., Beaver, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Mon., Shuswap, Slavey, BC, Fr. 


Archibald  | Metis, Cree, Scottish


Atkinson |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Scottish


Aubin  | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet


Augustine | Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa, First Nations (BC)





Bacon |  Montagnais


Barnaby / Barnabe | Mi’kmaq


Basque | Mi’kmaq


Beauchamp | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Chippewa, French 


Beaulieu | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibway, Cree, French


Beauvais | Iroquois, Mixed


Begg  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree, Scottish


Begin |  Montagnais, French


Belair | Metis


Belanger | Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Mixed


Bellerose | Metis, Cree, French


Berger  |  Metis,  French


Bernard |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Maliseet, Micmac, Abenaki, Cree, Iroq., Fr.


Boivin | Montagnais, French


Bolduc | Cree, Mixed Huron, Montagnais, Fr.


Bonneau | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, French


Boucher  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, French, Ojibway, Pagan


Bourque | Metis, Abenaki, Chipewyan, Cree, Huron, Irish, French


Brazeau | Metis, Algonquin,  Ojibway, French


Breland | Metis, Cree, French


Brown | Metis, BC, Chip, Cree, Mississ. Ojib., Oneida, Salish, Nan., Scot., Eng., Fr.





Cadieux | Metis, Beaver, Ojibway, Mixed French


Cadot  | Metis, Cree, French


Calder | Metis, Cree, Scottish


Canadian | Iroquois, Mohawk


Caplin | Abenaki, Mi’kmaq


Charles |  Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Mont., Ojibwa, Oneida, Onondaga, Six Nations


Chartrand | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French


Chatelain / Chastelain


Chevret  |  Metis, French


Clement | Malecite, Mi’kmaq


Christmas |  Malecite, Mi’kmaq


Colin  |  Metis, Chippewayan, Cree, French, Ojibway


Collard | Innu Montagnais, Mixed Montagnais, French


Condo | Mi’kmaq 


Copage | Mi’kmaq


Cote | Algonquin, Salteaux, French


Couteau | Indigenous, Metis, French, Cree, Iro.





Damien  |  Montagnais


David | Algonquin, BC First Nations, Chipewyan, Cree, Iroq.


Davis | Metis, Assin., BC, Cayuga, Iroq., Mohawk, Oneida, Onon., Salt. 


Dedam | Mi’kmaw, Cree, Chippewa, Malecite


Delaronde  |  Metis, Iroquois


Delisle | Iroquois


Desjardins  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  French


Desmarais | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French


Diabo | Iroquois, Mohawk 


Dominic | BC First Nations, Mi’kmaq, Innu Mont. Nas., Fr.  


Dorion  |  Metis, Cree, French


Dubois | Metis, Saulteaux, Ojjibwa, Chippewa, Stoney, Montagnais, French


Ducharme  |  Metis, American Indian, Cree, French


Dumont  |  Metis, Cree, Algonquin, French, Mixed


Dusome  |  Metis, Cree, French





Erasmus  |  Metis, Cree, Danish, Norwegian


Etienne  |  Montagnais, Iroquois, Huron, French





Fagnant  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, French


Faubert | Algonquin, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French


Ferland  |  Metis, Ojibway, French


Flamand  | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibwa, Yale Cariboo, Cree, French


Fortier | Metis, Montagnais, Iroquois, Shuswap, French


Fournier  |  Metis, Ojibway, Salteaux, Cree, French


Francis | Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Chip., Iroquois, Male., Ojib., Saulteaux


Francois | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Iroquois





Gabriel | BC First Nations, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Mi’kmaq


Gagnon | Metis, Montagnais, French


Garneau  |  Metis, Cree, French


Garrioch  |  Metis, Cree, Scottish


Gaucher | Metis, Cree,  Mixed


Gedeon | Mi’kmaq


Gendron  |  Metis, Mixed, French


Germain, St. Germain |  Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mont., Mixed


Gervais  | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Giroux  |  Metis, Algonquin, Iroquois, Cree, French


Godin | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Gouin | Beaver, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Grant | Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Scottish


Grouette  |  Metis, French


Guimond  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Saulteaux





Hall | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree,  Iroq., Sault., Sioux, Six Nations, Chip. 


Hamelin  | Metis, Cree, Salteaux, Mixed-heritage: French


Hardy |  Cree, Atlin (BC) First Nations, Ojibwa, Mixed-heritage: Scottish


Hill | BC First Nations, Cayuga, Chippewa, Delaware, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Onodaga, Six Nations, Mixed Cree, Fr. 


Hupe  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage, French





Isbister | Metis, Cree, Ojibway,  Chippewa, Scot., Eng. 





Jackson | Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois 


Jacobs | BC First Nations, Cayuga, Chip., Cree, Delaware,  Iroquois, Nakota Seneca, Oneida, Sioux, Six Nations, Tusc.


Jacques | Abenaki, Amalecite, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa


Jerome  |  Chipewyan, Metis, Mi’kmaq


Jobin | Metis, Cree, French


Johnson | Metis, Cayuga, Chip., Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Six Nations, Tuscé 


Johnston / Johnstone Metis, BC First Nations,Blackfoot, Mixed: Ojib., Eng., Fr., Scot.  June 2021


Jolibois | Metis, Chipewyan, French


Jones | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Sault., Shaw., Six Nations


Jourdain | Metis, Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Montagnais, Ojib. 


Julian  |  Chippewa, Cree, Montagnais, Mi’kmaq





Kelly | Metis, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Ojibway, Fr. 


Klyne  | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French, German





Labatte  |  Metis,  Chippewa, French


Lacombe | Metis, Iroquois, French


Lacroix | Algonquin, Mixed  July 2021


Laderoute | Metis, Mixed  July 2021


Lafond | Metis, Cree, French


Lafleur  | Metis,  Cree, French, Iroquois


Lafleche | Iroquois, Mixed, Metis Ponca  June 2021


Lafontaine |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Montagnais  July 2021


Laframboise | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Fr.


Lafrance | Algonquin, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ochhippawa


Laliberte | Metis, Chippeway, Mixed Cree, Fr.


Lambert  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Cree, Mi’kmaq


Lamoureux | Metis, Chippewa, Mixed  July 2021


Landry | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Slavi / Esclave, Mixed French   July 2021


Langevin  |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, French


Lapensee | Metis


Lapierre | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: French  July 2021


Laplante |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Lapointe | Metis, Mixed-heritage


Laporte | Abenaki, Cree, Malecite, Mixed heritage English  July 2021


Larence |  Metis, Mixed Cree, French


Lariviere | Metis, Mixed Cree, French  July 2021


Laronde  |  Metis, Iroquois 


Lavallee | Metis, Saulteaux, Chippewa, Cree, Fr. 


Laviolette | Metis, Chipewyan, Slavi, Mixed  July 2021


Ledoux | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French


Leduc | Metis, Cree, Mixed French   July 2021


Lefebvre | Abenaki, Iroquois, French


Lefort | Iroquois, Mixed  June 2021


Lemay | Metis, Chippewa, French


Lepine | Cree, Iroquois Mixed: Cree, French, Scottish  July 2021


Lesage | Metis, Ojibwa, Chippewa, Fr. 


Lesperance | Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French  July 2021


Letellier, Tellier  |  Metis, Mixed: Cree, French


Lizotte | Metis


Loyer  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Mixed : Chippewa, Cree, Fr.


Lucier, Lussier | Metis, Mixed: Cree, French 





Maracle | Iroquois, Mohawk


Marchand | Metis, Mi’kmaq, Cree


Marion | Metis, Cree, French


Martel |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Esclave, Ojibway, Mixed


McDonald & Var.  | Metis, Blackfoot, Cree, Iroq., Montag., Scottish


McKenzie | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais, French, Scottish


McComber | Iroquois, Ojibway


McGregor | Algon., Chip.,  Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Scot. 


Metallic  | Mi’kmaw


Miller | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Iro., Mohawk, Six Nations, Tete de Boule (Atikamekw) 


Mitchell | Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Iroq., Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Fr.


Montour | Iroquois, Metis


Montreuil  |  Metis, Algonquin, French


Moreau |  Metis, Montagnais, Cree, French


Morrison | Cree, Mi’kmaq, Kispiox (Gitskan) Jerome





Nadeau  |  Metis, French, Montagnais


Nault  | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Nolan / Nolin | Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ojibwe


Nolet, Wawanolett | Abenaki





Ouellet  | Metis, Cree, French, Montagnais





Papineau | Iroquois


Paquet |  Metis, Chipewyan, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree


Paradis  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Parisien  |  Metis, Cree, French


Paul | Metis, Abenaki, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq


Pepin | Metis, Cree, French


Perras | Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French


Pictou  | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage


Phillips (&vari.) |  Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais


Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations,  Algon., Cree, Monta., Ojib., Salish, Stoney, Fr.


Pigeon | Ojibway, Saulteaux, First Nations


Pilon | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Pinet | Montagnais


Plante  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Poitras | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree


Prisk | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage: French


Proulx |  Metis, Chippewa, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French





Quintal | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French





Racette | Metis, Cree, French


Rainville | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Raymond | Metis, Assiniboine Stony


Rice | Iroquois, Mohawk


Riverin  |  Montagnais, French


Robillard |  Metis, Saulteaux, Mixed heritage


Robinson | Metis, Algon., BC First Nations, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Ojib., Chip., Cree, Fr.


Ross | Metis, Cree, Montagnais, Scottish


Rousseau | Metis, Montagnais


Rousselot |  Montagnais, French


Roussin   |  Metis, Iroquois, Cree, French





Sanderson  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  Scot., Fr., Eng. 


Sansregret |  Metis, Cree, French


Sauve  |  Metis, mixed-heritage


Savard  |  Metis, Cree, Mixed heritage: French, Montagnais


Simard  |  Cree, Montagnais, Cree, Montagnais, French


Simpson |  Metis, Algonquin, American Indian, BC First Nations, Cree, Iro., Mont., Ojibwa, English


Smith |   Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Oneida, Peigan, Saul


Spence, Spencer  | Metis, Iroq., Cree, Ojib., Saulteaux


St. Aubin | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet


St. Onge  | Montagnais, Metis, French


St. Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations, Cree, Mont., Ojibway, Salish, Stoney, Fr. 


Sylvestre | Metis, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French





Taylor | Metis, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Missi., Scottish


Thibault  |  Metis, Iroquois, Ojibway, Chippewa, French


Thirnish  |  Montagnais, French


Tourangeau  |  Cree, Salteaux, Chippewyan, Metis


Tremblay  |  Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Montagnais, Fr.





Vachon  |  Montagnais, French


Vandal | Metis, Cree, French


Villebrun  |  Metis, Ojibway, Cree, French


Vincent | Metis, Abenaki, Algonquin, Cree, Huron, Iroquois, Ojibway, Otchipas, Saulteaux


Vivier |   Metis, Cree, French


Vollant  |  Montagnais, French





Walker | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iro., Mi’kmaq, Six Nations 


Whitford  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, English  





Zacharie | Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais




code: index








November 30, 2020 - Posted by | . | ,


  1. Hopefully you are going to add Lanteigne to this list as we go back to one of the first French men to marry Native and cross to many more native/Metis surnames.
    Angel Lantiegne – Lund


    Comment by Angel Lantiegne - Lund | December 1, 2020 | Reply

    • There are so many posts to prepare – I’ll try and move the Lanteignes up the cue 🙂


      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | December 1, 2020 | Reply

  2. Hello Evelyn, I recently found a Baptism Record for my Husband’s 3rd great Grandmother on his Mother’s side and I am not sure if I am reading it correctly. It is in French and I am completely English speaking/writing as is my husband. I have tried to translate it, and what I have been able to decipher is that she was marked as illegitimate by the priest. There is also a name beside hers that I am assuming that it is her last name. I saved the document in the hopes that I could find someone to translate it. I thought that I would ask your advice regarding the translating. The name on the document is Francoise “Timiskamang” daughter of Louis Laplante and a Marie Cou…. She was married to Francois Pilon; I believe his middle name was Xavier. I believe the date of the baptism is on May 24, 1779.
    Is there a website that can translate documents like that?
    Thank you in advance.
    P.S. if you need to email me, you can reach me at, Tammy.Daub@icloud.com


    Comment by Tammy Lecuyer nee Daub | December 3, 2020 | Reply

  3. Looking for Latanville, Botineau or contois


    Comment by Tammy | April 2, 2021 | Reply

  4. Tammy, my Grandfather was a Latanville and my Grandmother was a Bottineau, her mother was a Contois.


    Comment by Deborah Lynn Tutt | June 28, 2021 | Reply

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