A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Index of Canada-wide Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-heritage surnames


The goal of this project to create a series of mini-indexes that make it easier to access information about surnames on this site that are associated with indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage individuals. Each post below serves to reorganize and frequently update information that is currently scattered about the site.

The information is intended for non-indigenous people who are searching for historical family ties to First Nations peoples and who would like to answer this question: Has my surname ever been associated with indigeneous people in Canada and if so, when and where?

This information is not intended for people who are attempting to join specific First Nations or Metis peoples. Each First Nation and Metis organization has its own experts for that purpose. Each nation reaches its own judgement about membership based on its own nation’s knowledge, traditions and community circumstances.

Good luck to everyone in your search for your ancestors of whatever heritage  🙂





Abraham | Chippewayan, Cree, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq


Adam, Laramee | Metis, Algon., Chip., Iroq., Kitimat, Nisga’a, Ojibway, Okanagan, Sioux,


Alary  |  Metis, Cree, French


Amyot  |  Metis, Cree, French


Anderson |  Metis, Cree,  Mohawk, Saulteaux, Tuscorara


Antoine | Metis, Algon., Beaver, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Mon., Shuswap, Slavey, BC, French 


Archibald  | Metis, Cree, Scottish


Atkinson |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Scottish


Aubin  | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet  March 2021


Augustine | Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa, First Nations (BC)





Bacon |  Montagnais


Barnaby / Barnabe | Mi’kmaq


Basque | Mi’kmaq


Beauchamp | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Chippewa, French 


Beaulieu | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibway, Cree, French   April 2021


Beauvais | Iroquois, Mixed  April 2021


Begg  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree, Scottish


Begin |  Montagnais, French


Belanger | Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Mixed-heritage  April 2021


Bellerose | Metis, Cree, French  April 2021


Berger  |  Metis,  French


Bernard |  Metis, Algonquin, Chippewa, Maliseet, Micmac, Abenaki, Cree, Iroquois, Fr.   May 2012


Boivin | Montagnais, French


Bonneau | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, French  April 2021


Boucher  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, French, Ojibway, Pagan


Bourque | Metis, Abenaki, Chipewyan, Cree, Huron, Irish, French


Brazeau | Metis, Algonquin,  Ojibway, French


Breland | Metis, Cree, French  March 2021


Brown | Metis, BC, Chip, Cree, Mississ. Ojib., Oneida, Salish, Nan., Scot., Eng., Fr.  April 2021






Cadieux | Metis, Beaver, Ojibway, Mixed-heritage: Fr.  April 2021


Cadot  | Metis, Cree, French


Calder | Metis, Cree, Scottish


Canadian | Iroquois, Mohawk  May 2021


Caplin | Abenaki, Mi’kmaq


Chartrand | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French


Chatelain / Chastelain   March 2021


Chevret  |  Metis, French


Clement | Malecite, Mi’kmaq


Christmas |  Malecite, Mi’kmaq


Colin  |  Metis, Chippewayan, Cree, French, Ojibway


Collard | Innu Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Montagnais, French


Condo | Mi’kmaq 


Copage | Mi’kmaq


Cote | Algonquin, Salteaux, French  March 2021


Couteau | Indigenous, Metis, French, Cree, Iroquois





Damien  |  Montagnais


Davis | Metis, Assin., BC, Cayuga, Iroq., Mohawk, Oneida, Onon., Salt.   April 2021


Dedam | Mi’kmaw, Cree, Chippewa, Malecite


Delaronde  |  Metis, Iroquois  April 2021


Delisle | Iroquois  April 2021


Desjardins  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  French


Desmarais | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French  March 2021


Diabo | Iroquois, Mohawk  May 2021


Dominic | BC First Nations, Mi’kmaq, Innu Mont. Nas., Fr.  April 2021


Dorion  |  Metis, Cree, French


Dubois | Metis, Saulteaux, Ojjibwa, Chippewa, Stoney, , Montagnais, French


Ducharme  |  Metis, American Indian, Cree, French


Dumont  |  Metis, Cree, Algonquin, French, Mixed heritage


Dusome  |  Metis, Cree, French






Erasmus  |  Metis, Cree, Danish, Norwegian


Etienne  |  Montagnais, Iroquois, Huron, French





Fagnant  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, French


Faubert | Algonquin, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French


Ferland  |  Metis, Ojibway, French


Flamand  | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibwa, Yale Cariboo, Cree, French


Fortier | Metis, Montagnais, Iroquois, Shuswap, French


Fournier  |  Metis, Ojibway, Salteaux, Cree, French


Francis | Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Chippewa, Iroquois, Malecite, Ojibway, Saulteaux   May 2021





Gagnon | Metis, Montagnais, French


Garneau  |  Metis, Cree, French


Garrioch  |  Metis, Cree, Scottish


Gaucher | Metis, Cree,  Mixed  March 2021


Gedeon | Mi’kmaq


Gendron  |  Metis, Mixed, French


Germain, St. Germain |  Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mont., Mixed  March 2021


Gervais  | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Giroux  |  Metis, Algonquin, Iroquois, Cree, French


Godin | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Gouin | Beaver, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Grant | Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Scottish


Grouette  |  Metis, French


Guimond  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Saulteaux






Hall | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree,  Iroq., Sault., Sioux, Six Nations, Chip.  April 2021


Hamelin  | Metis, Cree, Salteaux, Mixed-heritage: French


Hardy |  Cree, Atlin (BC) First Nations, Ojibwa, Mixed-heritage: Scottish


Hupe  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage, French





Isbister | Metis, Cree, Ojibway,  Chippewa, Scot., Eng.  April 2021





Jackson | Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois  April 2021


Jacobs | BC First Nations, Cayuga, Chip., Cree, Delaware,  Iroquois, Nakota Seneca, Oneida, Sioux, Six Nations, Tusc.  April 2021


Jacques | Abenaki, Amalecite, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa


Jerome  |  Chipewyan, Metis, Mi’kmaq


Jobin | Metis, Cree, French


Johnson | Metis, Cayuga, Chip., Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Six Nations, Tuscé  April 2021


Jolibois | Metis, Chipewyan, French


Jones | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Sault., Shaw., Six Nations  April 2021


Julian  |  Chippewa, Cree, Montagnais, Mi’kmaq





Kelly | Metis, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Ojibway, Fr.  April 2021


Klyne  | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French, German





Labatte  |  Metis,  Chippewa, French


Lacombe | Metis, Iroquois, French


Lafond | Metis, Cree, French  March 2021


Lafleur  | Metis,  Cree, French, Iroquois


Laframboise | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Fr.  April 2021


Laliberte | Metis, Chippeway, Mixed Cree, Fr.  March 2021


Lambert  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Cree, Mi’kmaq


Langevin  |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, French


Lapensee | Metis


Lapointe | Metis, Mixed-heritage


Larence |  Metis, Mixed Cree, French   March 2021


Laronde  |  Metis, Iroquois  April 2021


Lavallee | Metis, Saulteaux, Chippewa, Cree, Fr.  April 2021


Ledoux | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French 


Lefebvre | Abenaki, Iroquois, French  March 2021


Lemay | Metis, Chippewa, French  April 2021


Lesage | Metis, Ojibwa, Chippewa, Fr.  April 2021


Letellier, Tellier  |  Metis, Mixed: Cree, French


Lizotte | Metis


Loyer  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Mixed : Chippewa, Cree, Fr.


Lucier, Lussier | Metis, Mixed: Cree, French April 2021





Maracle | Iroquois, Mohawk  May 2021


Marchand | Metis, Mi’kmaq, Cree


Marion | Metis, Cree, French


Martel |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Esclave, Ojibway, Mixed  March 2021


McDonald & Var.  | Metis, Blackfoot, Cree, Iroq., Montag., Scottish


McKenzie | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais, French, Scottish


McComber | Iroquois, Ojibway  May 2021


McGregor | Algon., Chip.,  Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Scot.  April 2021


Metallic  | Mi’kmaw


Miller | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Iro., Mohawk, Six Nations, Tete de Boule (Atikamekw)  April 2021


Mitchell | Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Iroq., Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Fr.


Montour | Iroquois, Metis  April 2021


Montreuil  |  Metis, Algonquin, French


Moreau |  Metis, Montagnais, Cree, French






Nadeau  |  Metis, French, Montagnais


Nault  | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Nolan / Nolin | Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ojibwe  March 2021


Nolet, Wawanolett | Abenaki






Ouellet  | Metis, Cree, French, Montagnais






Papineau | Iroquois  April 2021


Paquet |  Metis, Chipewyan, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree  March 2021


Paradis  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Parisien  |  Metis, Cree, French


Paul | Metis, Abenaki, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq


Pepin | Metis, Cree, French


Perras | Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French


Pictou  | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage


Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations,  Algon., Cree, Monta., Ojib., Salish, Stoney, Fr.  March 2021


Pigeon | Ojibway, Saulteaux, First Nations


Pilon | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French  April 2021

Pinet | Montagnais


Plante  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Prisk | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage: French


Proulx |  Metis, Chippewa, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French






Quintal | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French





Racette | Metis, Cree, French


Rainville | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Raymond | Metis, Assiniboine Stony  March 2021


Rice | Iroquois, Mohawk  May 2021


Riverin  |  Montagnais, French


Robillard |  Metis, Saulteaux, Mixed heritage  April 2021


Robinson | Metis, Algon., BC First Nations, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Ojib., Chip., Cree, Fr.  April 2021


Ross | Metis, Cree, Montagnais, Scottish


Rousseau | Metis, Montagnais


Rousselot |  Montagnais, French


Roussin   |  Metis, Iroquois, Cree, French






Sanderson  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  Scot., Fr., Eng.  May 2021

Sansregret |  Metis, Cree, French


Sauve  |  Metis, mixed-heritage  April 2021


Savard  |  Metis, Cree, Mixed heritage: French, Montagnais


Simard  |  Cree, Montagnais, Cree, Montagnais, French


Simpson |  Metis, Algonquin, American Indian, BC First Nations, Cree, Iro., Mont., Ojibwa, English   April 2021


Smith |   Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Oneida, Peigan, Saul.  April 2021


Spence, Spencer  | Metis, Iroq., Cree, Ojib., Saulteaux


St. Aubin | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet  March 2021


St. Onge  | Montagnais, Metis, French


St. Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations (varied), Cree, Mont., Ojibway, Salish, Stoney, Fr.  March 2021


Sylvestre | Metis, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French





Taylor | Metis, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Missi., Scottish


Thibault  |  Metis, Iroquois, Ojibway, Chippewa, French


Thirnish  |  Montagnais, French


Tourangeau  |  Cree, Salteaux, Chippewyan, Metis


Tremblay  |  Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Montagnais, Fr.





Vachon  |  Montagnais, French


Vandal | Metis, Cree, French  April 2021


Villebrun  |  Metis, Ojibway, Cree, French


Vivier |   Metis, Cree, French


Vollant  |  Montagnais, French




Walker | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iro., Mi’kmaq, Six Nations  April 2021


Whitford  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, English  April 2021






Zacharie | Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais





November 30, 2020 - Posted by | . | ,


  1. Hopefully you are going to add Lanteigne to this list as we go back to one of the first French men to marry Native and cross to many more native/Metis surnames.
    Angel Lantiegne – Lund


    Comment by Angel Lantiegne - Lund | December 1, 2020 | Reply

    • There are so many posts to prepare – I’ll try and move the Lanteignes up the cue 🙂


      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | December 1, 2020 | Reply

  2. Hello Evelyn, I recently found a Baptism Record for my Husband’s 3rd great Grandmother on his Mother’s side and I am not sure if I am reading it correctly. It is in French and I am completely English speaking/writing as is my husband. I have tried to translate it, and what I have been able to decipher is that she was marked as illegitimate by the priest. There is also a name beside hers that I am assuming that it is her last name. I saved the document in the hopes that I could find someone to translate it. I thought that I would ask your advice regarding the translating. The name on the document is Francoise “Timiskamang” daughter of Louis Laplante and a Marie Cou…. She was married to Francois Pilon; I believe his middle name was Xavier. I believe the date of the baptism is on May 24, 1779.
    Is there a website that can translate documents like that?
    Thank you in advance.
    P.S. if you need to email me, you can reach me at, Tammy.Daub@icloud.com


    Comment by Tammy Lecuyer nee Daub | December 3, 2020 | Reply

  3. Looking for Latanville, Botineau or contois


    Comment by Tammy | April 2, 2021 | Reply

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