A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Index of Canada-wide Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-heritage surnames

The goal of this project to create a series of mini-indexes that make it easier to access information about surnames on this site that are associated with indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage individuals. Each post below serves to reorganize and frequently update information that is currently scattered about the site.

The information is primarily intended for non-indigenous people who are searching for historical family ties to First Nations peoples and who would like to answer this question: Has my surname ever been associated with indigeneous people in Canada and if so, when and where?

This information is not intended for people who are attempting to join specific First Nations or Metis peoples. Each First Nation and Metis organization has its own experts for that purpose. Each nation reaches its own judgement about membership based on its own nation’s knowledge, traditions and community circumstances.

Good luck to everyone in your search for your ancestors of whatever heritage  🙂


Abraham | Chippewayan, Cree, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq

Adam, Laramee | Metis, Algon., Chip., Iroq., Kitimat, Nisga’a, Ojibway, Okanagan, Sioux

Alary  |  Metis, Cree, French

Amyot  |  Metis, Cree, French

Anderson |  Metis, Cree,  Mohawk, Saulteaux, Tuscorara

Antoine | Metis, Algon., Beaver, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Mon., Shuswap, Slavey, BC 

Archibald  | Metis, Cree, Scottish

Atkinson |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Scottish

Aubin  | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet

Auger | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Ojibway, Mixed  Aug2021

Augustine | Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa, First Nations (BC)


Bacon |  Montagnais

Barnaby / Barnabe | Mi’kmaq

Basque | Mi’kmaq

Bastien | Abenaki, Algonquin, Blackfoot, Innu Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Algonquin French  Aug2021

Beauchamp | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Chippewa, French 

Beaudry | Metis, Cree, Chipewyan, Ojibway, Mixed  Aug2021

Beaulieu | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibway, Cree, French

Beauvais | Iroquois, Mixed

Begg  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree, Scottish

Begin |  Montagnais, French

Belair | Metis

Belanger | Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Mixed

Bellerose | Metis, Cree, French

Benot | Algonquin  Aug2021

Berard | Metis, mixed  Aug2021

Berger  |  Metis,  French

Bernard |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Maliseet, Micmac, Abenaki, Cree, Iroq., Fr.

Boivin | Montagnais, French

Bolduc | Cree, Mixed Huron, Montagnais, Fr.

Bonneau | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, French

Boucher  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, French, Ojibway, Pagan

Bourque | Metis, Abenaki, Chipewyan, Cree, Huron, Irish, French

Brazeau | Metis, Algonquin,  Ojibway, French

Breland | Metis, Cree, French

Brown | Metis, BC, Chip, Cree, Mississ. Ojib., Oneida, Salish, Nan., Scot., Eng., Fr.


Cadieux | Metis, Beaver, Ojibway, Mixed French

Cadot  | Metis, Cree, French

Calder | Metis, Cree, Scottish

Canadian | Iroquois, Mohawk

Caplin | Abenaki, Mi’kmaq

Cardinal | Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: French, Scottish  Aug2021

Caron | Metis, First Nations, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French   Aug2021

Charles |  Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Mont., Ojibwa, Oneida, Onondaga, Six Nations

Chartrand | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French

Chatelain / Chastelain

Chevret  |  Metis, French

Clement | Malecite, Mi’kmaq

Christmas |  Malecite, Mi’kmaq

Colin  |  Metis, Chippewayan, Cree, French, Ojibway

Collard | Innu Montagnais, Mixed Montagnais, French

Condo | Mi’kmaq 

Copage | Mi’kmaq

Cote | Algonquin, Salteaux, French

Couteau | Indigenous, Metis, French, Cree, Iro.


Damien  |  Montagnais

David | Algonquin, BC First Nations, Chipewyan, Cree, Iroq.

Davis | Metis, Assin., BC, Cayuga, Iroq., Mohawk, Oneida, Onon., Salt. 

Dedam | Mi’kmaw, Cree, Chippewa, Malecite

Delaronde  |  Metis, Iroquois

Delisle | Iroquois

Delorme | Metis, Stony, Saulteaux, Mixed Cree, French  Aug2021

Desjardins  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  French

Desmarais | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French

Diabo | Iroquois, Mohawk 

Dominic | BC First Nations, Mi’kmaq, Innu Mont. Nas., Fr.  

Dorion  |  Metis, Cree, French

Dubois | Metis, Saulteaux, Ojjibwa, Chippewa, Stoney, Montagnais, French

Ducharme  |  Metis, American Indian, Cree, French

Dumont  |  Metis, Cree, Algonquin, French, Mixed

Duquet | Metis  Aug2021

Dusome  |  Metis, Cree, French


Erasmus  |  Metis, Cree, Danish, Norwegian

Etienne  |  Montagnais, Iroquois, Huron, French


Fagnant  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, French

Faubert | Algonquin, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French

Ferland  |  Metis, Ojibway, French

Flamand  | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibwa, Yale Cariboo, Cree, French

Fortier | Metis, Montagnais, Iroquois, Shuswap, French

Fournier  |  Metis, Ojibway, Salteaux, Cree, French

Francis | Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Chip., Iroquois, Male., Ojib., Saulteaux

Francois | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Iroquois


Gabriel | BC First Nations, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Mi’kmaq

Gagnon | Metis, Montagnais, French

Garneau  |  Metis, Cree, French

Garrioch  |  Metis, Cree, Scottish

Gaucher | Metis, Cree,  Mixed

Gedeon | Mi’kmaq

Gendron  |  Metis, Mixed, French

Germain, St. Germain |  Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mont., Mixed

Gervais  | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Gilbert | Metis, BC First Nations Mi’kmaq  Aug2021

Giroux  |  Metis, Algonquin, Iroquois, Cree, French

Godin | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Gouin | Beaver, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Gosselin | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois   Aug2021

Grant | Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Scottish

Gregoire | BC First Nations, Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais  Aug2021

Grouette  |  Metis, French

Guimond  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Saulteaux


Hall | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree,  Iroq., Sault., Sioux, Six Nations, Chip. 

Hamelin  | Metis, Cree, Salteaux, Mixed-heritage: French

Hardy |  Cree, Atlin (BC) First Nations, Ojibwa, Mixed-heritage: Scottish

Hebert | BC First Nations, Metis, Ojibway  Aug2021

Hill | BC, Cayuga, Chippewa, Delaware, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Onodaga, Six Nations, Mixed Cree, Fr. 

Hupe  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage, French


Isbister | Metis, Cree, Ojibway,  Chippewa, Scot., Eng. 


Jackson | Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois 

Jacobs | BC First Nations, Cayuga, Chip., Cree, Delaware,  Iroquois, Nakota Seneca, Oneida, Sioux, Six Nations, Tusc.

Jacques | Abenaki, Amalecite, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa

Jerome  |  Chipewyan, Metis, Mi’kmaq

Jobin | Metis, Cree, French

Johnson | Metis, Cayuga, Chip., Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Six Nations, Tuscé 

Johnston / Johnstone Metis, BC First Nations,Blackfoot, Mixed: Ojib., Eng., Fr., Scot.

Jolibois | Metis, Chipewyan, French

Jones | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Sault., Shaw., Six Nations

Jourdain | Metis, Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Montagnais, Ojib. 

Julian  |  Chippewa, Cree, Montagnais, Mi’kmaq


Kelly | Metis, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Ojibway, Fr. 

Klyne  | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French, German


Labatte  |  Metis,  Chippewa, French

Lacombe | Metis, Iroquois, French

Lacroix | Algonquin, Mixed

Laderoute | Metis, Mixed

Lafond | Metis, Cree, French

Lafleur  | Metis,  Cree, French, Iroquois

Lafleche | Iroquois, Mixed, Metis Ponca

Lafontaine |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Montagnais

Laforme | Chippewa, Iroquois, Mohawk, Mixed-heritage: Mohawk  OCT2021

Laframboise | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Fr.

Lafrance | Algonquin, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ochhippawa

Laliberte | Metis, Chippeway, Mixed Cree, Fr.

Lalonde | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage  Aug2021

Lambert  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Cree, Mi’kmaq

Lamoureux | Metis, Chippewa, Mixed

Landry | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Slavi / Esclave

Langevin  |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, French

Lapensee | Metis

Lapierre | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: French

Laplante |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Lapointe | Metis, Mixed-heritage

Laporte | Abenaki, Cree, Malecite, Mixed heritage English

Larence |  Metis, Mixed Cree, French

Lariviere | Metis, Mixed Cree, French

Laronde  |  Metis, Iroquois 

Larose | Surname Anchor Post  Oct2021

Latour | Algonquin, Iroquois, Mixed heritage  Aug2021

Lavallee | Metis, Saulteaux, Chippewa, Cree, Fr. 

Lavigne | Surname Anchor Post  Oct2021

Laviolette | Metis, Chipewyan, Slavi, Mixed

Leblanc | Surname Anchor Post  Oct2021

Ledoux | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French

Leduc | Metis, Cree, Mixed French

Lefebvre | Abenaki, Iroquois, French

Lefort | Iroquois, Mixed

Lemay | Metis, Chippewa, French

Lemire | Cree, Ojjibwa, Mixed heritage: Cree, French   Aug2021

Lepine | Cree, Iroquois Mixed: Cree, French, Scottish

Lesage | Metis, Ojibwa, Chippewa, Fr. 

Lesperance | Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Letellier, Tellier  |  Metis, Mixed: Cree, French

Letendre | Surname Anchor Post  Oct2021

Lizotte | Metis

Loyer  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Mixed : Chippewa, Cree, Fr.

Lucier, Lussier | Metis, Mixed: Cree, French 


Maracle | Iroquois, Mohawk

Marchand | Metis, Mi’kmaq, Cree

Marion | Metis, Cree, French

Martel |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Esclave, Ojibway, Mixed

Martin | Metis, BC First Nations, Chipewyan, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Six Nations  Aug2021

McDonald & Var.  | Metis, Blackfoot, Cree, Iroq., Montag., Scottish

McKenzie | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais, French, Scottish

McComber | Iroquois, Ojibway

McGregor | Algon., Chip.,  Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Scot. 

Meloche | Iroquois, Mixed-heritage  Aug2021

Metallic  | Mi’kmaw

Miller | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Iro., Mohawk, Six Nations, Tete de Boule (Atikamekw) 

Mitchell | Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Iroq., Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Fr.

Montour | Iroquois, Metis

Montreuil  |  Metis, Algonquin, French

Moreau |  Metis, Montagnais, Cree, French

Morrisseau | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Ojibway, French  Aug2021

Morrison | Cree, Mi’kmaq, Kispiox (Gitskan) Jerome


Nadeau  |  Metis, French, Montagnais

Nault  | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Nicholas, Nicolas | Cree, Iroquois, Malecite / Maliseet, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Oneida, Six Nations  Aug2021

Nolan / Nolin | Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ojibwe

Nolet, Wawanolett | Abenaki


Ouellet  | Metis, Cree, French, Montagnais


Papineau | Iroquois

Paquet |  Metis, Chipewyan, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree

Paquin, Pocha | Metis, Mixed heritage  Aug2021

Paradis  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Parisien  |  Metis, Cree, French

Paul | Metis, Abenaki, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq

Pepin | Metis, Cree, French

Perras | Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French

Pictou  | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage

Phillips (&vari.) |  Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais

Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations,  Algon., Cree, Monta., Ojib., Salish, Stoney, Fr.

Picard | Metis, Abenaki, Iroquois, Malecite, Montagnais, Abenaki  Aug2021

Pigeon | Ojibway, Saulteaux, First Nations

Pilon | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Pinet | Montagnais

Plante  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Poitras | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree

Prisk | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage: French

Proulx |  Metis, Chippewa, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Quintal | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Racette | Metis, Cree, French

Rainville | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

Raymond | Metis, Assiniboine Stony

Rice | Iroquois, Mohawk

Richard | BC First Nations, Chippewa, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Mixed-heritage | Surname Anchor Post  Aug2021

Riverin  |  Montagnais, French

Robillard |  Metis, Saulteaux, Mixed heritage

Robinson | Metis, Algon., BC First Nations, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Ojib., Chip., Cree, Fr.

Ross | Metis, Cree, Montagnais, Scottish

Rousseau | Metis, Montagnais

Rousselot |  Montagnais, French

Roussin   |  Metis, Iroquois, Cree, French


Sanderson  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  Scot., Fr., Eng. 

Sansregret |  Metis, Cree, French

Sauve  |  Metis, mixed-heritage

Savard  |  Metis, Cree, Mixed heritage: French, Montagnais

Sebastien | Abenaki, Algonquin, Blackfoot, Innu Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Algonquin French  Aug2021

Simard  |  Cree, Montagnais, Cree, Montagnais, French

Simon | BC First Nations, Chippewa, Cree, Inuit, Iroquois, Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais, Ojibway, Sioux  Aug 2021

Simpson |  Metis, Algonquin, American Indian, BC First Nations, Cree, Iro., Mont., Ojibwa, English

Smith |   Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Oneida, Peigan, Saul

Spence, Spencer  | Metis, Iroq., Cree, Ojib., Saulteaux

St. Aubin | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet

St. Onge  | Montagnais, Metis, French

St. Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations, Cree, Mont., Ojibway, Salish, Stoney, Fr. 

Sylvestre | Metis, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French


Taylor | Metis, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Missi., Scottish

Thibault  |  Metis, Iroquois, Ojibway, Chippewa, French

Thirnish  |  Montagnais, French

Tourangeau  |  Cree, Salteaux, Chippewyan, Metis

Tremblay  |  Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Montagnais, Fr.


Vachon  |  Montagnais, French

Vandal | Metis, Cree, French

Villebrun  |  Metis, Ojibway, Cree, French

Villeneuve | Metis, Montagnais, Slavi, Mixed Cree  Aug2021

Vincent | Metis, Abenaki, Algonquin, Cree, Huron, Iroquois, Ojibway, Otchipas, Saulteaux

Vivier |   Metis, Cree, French

Vollant  |  Montagnais, French


Walker | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iro., Mi’kmaq, Six Nations 

Whitford  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, English  


Zacharie | Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais

code: index

November 30, 2020 - Posted by | . | ,


  1. Hopefully you are going to add Lanteigne to this list as we go back to one of the first French men to marry Native and cross to many more native/Metis surnames.
    Angel Lantiegne – Lund


    Comment by Angel Lantiegne - Lund | December 1, 2020 | Reply

    • There are so many posts to prepare – I’ll try and move the Lanteignes up the cue 🙂


      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | December 1, 2020 | Reply

  2. Hello Evelyn, I recently found a Baptism Record for my Husband’s 3rd great Grandmother on his Mother’s side and I am not sure if I am reading it correctly. It is in French and I am completely English speaking/writing as is my husband. I have tried to translate it, and what I have been able to decipher is that she was marked as illegitimate by the priest. There is also a name beside hers that I am assuming that it is her last name. I saved the document in the hopes that I could find someone to translate it. I thought that I would ask your advice regarding the translating. The name on the document is Francoise “Timiskamang” daughter of Louis Laplante and a Marie Cou…. She was married to Francois Pilon; I believe his middle name was Xavier. I believe the date of the baptism is on May 24, 1779.
    Is there a website that can translate documents like that?
    Thank you in advance.
    P.S. if you need to email me, you can reach me at, Tammy.Daub@icloud.com


    Comment by Tammy Lecuyer nee Daub | December 3, 2020 | Reply

  3. Looking for Latanville, Botineau or contois


    Comment by Tammy | April 2, 2021 | Reply

  4. Tammy, my Grandfather was a Latanville and my Grandmother was a Bottineau, her mother was a Contois.


    Comment by Deborah Lynn Tutt | June 28, 2021 | Reply

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