A Canadian Family

First Nations, French Canadians & Acadians

Index: Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-Heritage Surname Anchor Posts

Index of Canada-wide Indigenous, Metis & Mixed-heritage surnames

The goal of this project to create a series of mini-indexes that make it easier to access information about surnames on this site that are associated with indigenous, Metis or mixed-heritage individuals. Each post below serves to reorganize and frequently update information that is currently scattered about the site.

The information is intended for non-indigenous people who are searching for historical family ties to First Nations peoples and who would like to answer this question: Has my surname ever been associated with indigeneous people in Canada and if so, when and where?

This information is not intended for people who are attempting to join specific First Nations or Metis peoples. Each First Nation and Metis organization has its own experts for that purpose. Each nation reaches its own judgement about membership based on its own nation’s knowledge, traditions and community circumstances.

Good luck to everyone in your search for your ancestors of whatever heritage  🙂

 

 


A


 

Abraham | Chippewayan, Cree, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq

 

Adam, Laramee | Metis, Algon., Chip., Iroq., Kitimat, Nisga’a, Ojibway, Okanagan, Sioux

 

Alary  |  Metis, Cree, French

 

Amyot  |  Metis, Cree, French

 

Anderson |  Metis, Cree,  Mohawk, Saulteaux, Tuscorara

 

Antoine | Metis, Algon., Beaver, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Mon., Shuswap, Slavey, BC, Fr. 

 

Archibald  | Metis, Cree, Scottish

 

Atkinson |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Scottish

 

Aubin  | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet

 

Augustine | Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa, First Nations (BC)

 

 


B


 

Bacon |  Montagnais

 

Barnaby / Barnabe | Mi’kmaq

 

Basque | Mi’kmaq

 

Beauchamp | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Chippewa, French 

 

Beaulieu | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibway, Cree, French

 

Beauvais | Iroquois, Mixed

 

Begg  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree, Scottish

 

Begin |  Montagnais, French

 

Belair | Metis

 

Belanger | Metis, Cree, Ojibway, Mixed

 

Bellerose | Metis, Cree, French

 

Berger  |  Metis,  French

 

Bernard |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Maliseet, Micmac, Abenaki, Cree, Iroq., Fr.

 

Boivin | Montagnais, French

 

Bolduc | Cree, Mixed Huron, Montagnais, Fr.

 

Bonneau | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, French

 

Boucher  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, French, Ojibway, Pagan

 

Bourque | Metis, Abenaki, Chipewyan, Cree, Huron, Irish, French

 

Brazeau | Metis, Algonquin,  Ojibway, French

 

Breland | Metis, Cree, French

 

Brown | Metis, BC, Chip, Cree, Mississ. Ojib., Oneida, Salish, Nan., Scot., Eng., Fr.

 

 


C


 

Cadieux | Metis, Beaver, Ojibway, Mixed French

 

Cadot  | Metis, Cree, French

 

Calder | Metis, Cree, Scottish

 

Canadian | Iroquois, Mohawk

 

Caplin | Abenaki, Mi’kmaq

 

Charles |  Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Mont., Ojibwa, Oneida, Onondaga, Six Nations

 

Chartrand | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French

 

Chatelain / Chastelain

 

Chevret  |  Metis, French

 

Clement | Malecite, Mi’kmaq

 

Christmas |  Malecite, Mi’kmaq

 

Colin  |  Metis, Chippewayan, Cree, French, Ojibway

 

Collard | Innu Montagnais, Mixed Montagnais, French

 

Condo | Mi’kmaq 

 

Copage | Mi’kmaq

 

Cote | Algonquin, Salteaux, French

 

Couteau | Indigenous, Metis, French, Cree, Iro.

 

 


D


 

Damien  |  Montagnais

 

David | Algonquin, BC First Nations, Chipewyan, Cree, Iroq.

 

Davis | Metis, Assin., BC, Cayuga, Iroq., Mohawk, Oneida, Onon., Salt. 

 

Dedam | Mi’kmaw, Cree, Chippewa, Malecite

 

Delaronde  |  Metis, Iroquois

 

Delisle | Iroquois

 

Desjardins  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  French

 

Desmarais | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French

 

Diabo | Iroquois, Mohawk 

 

Dominic | BC First Nations, Mi’kmaq, Innu Mont. Nas., Fr.  

 

Dorion  |  Metis, Cree, French

 

Dubois | Metis, Saulteaux, Ojjibwa, Chippewa, Stoney, Montagnais, French

 

Ducharme  |  Metis, American Indian, Cree, French

 

Dumont  |  Metis, Cree, Algonquin, French, Mixed

 

Dusome  |  Metis, Cree, French

 

 


E


 

Erasmus  |  Metis, Cree, Danish, Norwegian

 

Etienne  |  Montagnais, Iroquois, Huron, French

 

 


F


 

Fagnant  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, French

 

Faubert | Algonquin, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French

 

Ferland  |  Metis, Ojibway, French

 

Flamand  | Metis, Chippewa, Ojibwa, Yale Cariboo, Cree, French

 

Fortier | Metis, Montagnais, Iroquois, Shuswap, French

 

Fournier  |  Metis, Ojibway, Salteaux, Cree, French

 

Francis | Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Chip., Iroquois, Male., Ojib., Saulteaux

 

Francois | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Iroquois

 

 


G


 

Gabriel | BC First Nations, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Mi’kmaq

 

Gagnon | Metis, Montagnais, French

 

Garneau  |  Metis, Cree, French

 

Garrioch  |  Metis, Cree, Scottish

 

Gaucher | Metis, Cree,  Mixed

 

Gedeon | Mi’kmaq

 

Gendron  |  Metis, Mixed, French

 

Germain, St. Germain |  Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mont., Mixed

 

Gervais  | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Giroux  |  Metis, Algonquin, Iroquois, Cree, French

 

Godin | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Gouin | Beaver, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Grant | Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Scottish

 

Grouette  |  Metis, French

 

Guimond  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Saulteaux

 

 


H


 

Hall | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree,  Iroq., Sault., Sioux, Six Nations, Chip. 

 

Hamelin  | Metis, Cree, Salteaux, Mixed-heritage: French

 

Hardy |  Cree, Atlin (BC) First Nations, Ojibwa, Mixed-heritage: Scottish

 

Hill | BC First Nations, Cayuga, Chippewa, Delaware, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Onodaga, Six Nations, Mixed Cree, Fr. 

 

Hupe  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage, French

 

 


I


 

Isbister | Metis, Cree, Ojibway,  Chippewa, Scot., Eng. 

 

 


J


 

Jackson | Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroquois 

 

Jacobs | BC First Nations, Cayuga, Chip., Cree, Delaware,  Iroquois, Nakota Seneca, Oneida, Sioux, Six Nations, Tusc.

 

Jacques | Abenaki, Amalecite, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibwa

 

Jerome  |  Chipewyan, Metis, Mi’kmaq

 

Jobin | Metis, Cree, French

 

Johnson | Metis, Cayuga, Chip., Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Six Nations, Tuscé 

 

Johnston / Johnstone Metis, BC First Nations,Blackfoot, Mixed: Ojib., Eng., Fr., Scot.  June 2021

 

Jolibois | Metis, Chipewyan, French

 

Jones | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Mi’kmaq, Mohawk, Ojibwa, Oneida, Sault., Shaw., Six Nations

 

Jourdain | Metis, Montagnais, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Montagnais, Ojib. 

 

Julian  |  Chippewa, Cree, Montagnais, Mi’kmaq

 

 


K


 

Kelly | Metis, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Ojibway, Fr. 

 

Klyne  | Metis, Chippewa, Cree, French, German

 

 


L


 

Labatte  |  Metis,  Chippewa, French

 

Lacombe | Metis, Iroquois, French

 

Lacroix | Algonquin, Mixed  July 2021

 

Laderoute | Metis, Mixed  July 2021

 

Lafond | Metis, Cree, French

 

Lafleur  | Metis,  Cree, French, Iroquois

 

Lafleche | Iroquois, Mixed, Metis Ponca  June 2021

 

Lafontaine |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, Montagnais  July 2021

 

Laframboise | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Fr.

 

Lafrance | Algonquin, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ochhippawa

 

Laliberte | Metis, Chippeway, Mixed Cree, Fr.

 

Lambert  |  Metis, Cree, Chippewa, Cree, Mi’kmaq

 

Lamoureux | Metis, Chippewa, Mixed  July 2021

 

Landry | Metis, BC First Nations, Cree, Slavi / Esclave, Mixed French   July 2021

 

Langevin  |  Metis, Algonquin, Cree, French

 

Lapensee | Metis

 

Lapierre | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: French  July 2021

 

Laplante |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Lapointe | Metis, Mixed-heritage

 

Laporte | Abenaki, Cree, Malecite, Mixed heritage English  July 2021

 

Larence |  Metis, Mixed Cree, French

 

Lariviere | Metis, Mixed Cree, French  July 2021

 

Laronde  |  Metis, Iroquois 

 

Lavallee | Metis, Saulteaux, Chippewa, Cree, Fr. 

 

Laviolette | Metis, Chipewyan, Slavi, Mixed  July 2021

 

Ledoux | Metis, American Indian, Cree, French

 

Leduc | Metis, Cree, Mixed French   July 2021

 

Lefebvre | Abenaki, Iroquois, French

 

Lefort | Iroquois, Mixed  June 2021

 

Lemay | Metis, Chippewa, French

 

Lepine | Cree, Iroquois Mixed: Cree, French, Scottish  July 2021

 

Lesage | Metis, Ojibwa, Chippewa, Fr. 

 

Lesperance | Cree, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French  July 2021

 

Letellier, Tellier  |  Metis, Mixed: Cree, French

 

Lizotte | Metis

 

Loyer  |  Metis, Ojibwa, Mixed : Chippewa, Cree, Fr.

 

Lucier, Lussier | Metis, Mixed: Cree, French 

 

 


M


 

Maracle | Iroquois, Mohawk

 

Marchand | Metis, Mi’kmaq, Cree

 

Marion | Metis, Cree, French

 

Martel |  Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Esclave, Ojibway, Mixed

 

McDonald & Var.  | Metis, Blackfoot, Cree, Iroq., Montag., Scottish

 

McKenzie | Metis, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais, French, Scottish

 

McComber | Iroquois, Ojibway

 

McGregor | Algon., Chip.,  Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Scot. 

 

Metallic  | Mi’kmaw

 

Miller | Metis, BC, Chip., Cree, Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Iro., Mohawk, Six Nations, Tete de Boule (Atikamekw) 

 

Mitchell | Metis, Algon., Chippewa, Iroq., Malecite, Mi’kmaq, Fr.

 

Montour | Iroquois, Metis

 

Montreuil  |  Metis, Algonquin, French

 

Moreau |  Metis, Montagnais, Cree, French

 

Morrison | Cree, Mi’kmaq, Kispiox (Gitskan) Jerome

 

 


N


 

Nadeau  |  Metis, French, Montagnais

 

Nault  | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Nolan / Nolin | Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais, Ojibwe

 

Nolet, Wawanolett | Abenaki

 

 


O


 

Ouellet  | Metis, Cree, French, Montagnais

 

 


P


 

Papineau | Iroquois

 

Paquet |  Metis, Chipewyan, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree

 

Paradis  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Parisien  |  Metis, Cree, French

 

Paul | Metis, Abenaki, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq

 

Pepin | Metis, Cree, French

 

Perras | Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Iroquois, French

 

Pictou  | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage

 

Phillips (&vari.) |  Metis, Abenaki, BC First Nations, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Montagnais

 

Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations,  Algon., Cree, Monta., Ojib., Salish, Stoney, Fr.

 

Pigeon | Ojibway, Saulteaux, First Nations

 

Pilon | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Pinet | Montagnais

 

Plante  |  Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Poitras | Metis, Cree, Mixed-heritage: Fr., Cree

 

Prisk | Mi’kmaq, Mixed-heritage: French

 

Proulx |  Metis, Chippewa, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

 


Q


 

Quintal | Metis, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

 


R


 

Racette | Metis, Cree, French

 

Rainville | Metis, Abenaki, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

Raymond | Metis, Assiniboine Stony

 

Rice | Iroquois, Mohawk

 

Riverin  |  Montagnais, French

 

Robillard |  Metis, Saulteaux, Mixed heritage

 

Robinson | Metis, Algon., BC First Nations, Cree, Mi’kmaq, Ojib., Chip., Cree, Fr.

 

Ross | Metis, Cree, Montagnais, Scottish

 

Rousseau | Metis, Montagnais

 

Rousselot |  Montagnais, French

 

Roussin   |  Metis, Iroquois, Cree, French

 

 


S


 

Sanderson  |  Metis, Chippewa, Cree,  Scot., Fr., Eng. 

 

Sansregret |  Metis, Cree, French

 

Sauve  |  Metis, mixed-heritage

 

Savard  |  Metis, Cree, Mixed heritage: French, Montagnais

 

Simard  |  Cree, Montagnais, Cree, Montagnais, French

 

Simpson |  Metis, Algonquin, American Indian, BC First Nations, Cree, Iro., Mont., Ojibwa, English

 

Smith |   Metis, BC, Chippewa, Cree, Iroq., Mi’kmaq, Ojibway, Oneida, Peigan, Saul

 

Spence, Spencer  | Metis, Iroq., Cree, Ojib., Saulteaux

 

St. Aubin | Abenaki, Amalecite / Maliseet

 

St. Onge  | Montagnais, Metis, French

 

St. Pierre | Algonquin, BC First Nations, Cree, Mont., Ojibway, Salish, Stoney, Fr. 

 

Sylvestre | Metis, Iroquois, Mixed-heritage: Cree, French

 

 


T


 

Taylor | Metis, Chip., Cree, Dakota, Iroquois, Mi’kmaq, Missi., Scottish

 

Thibault  |  Metis, Iroquois, Ojibway, Chippewa, French

 

Thirnish  |  Montagnais, French

 

Tourangeau  |  Cree, Salteaux, Chippewyan, Metis

 

Tremblay  |  Metis, Cree, Iroquois, Malecite, Montagnais, Fr.

 

 


V


 

Vachon  |  Montagnais, French

 

Vandal | Metis, Cree, French

 

Villebrun  |  Metis, Ojibway, Cree, French

 

Vincent | Metis, Abenaki, Algonquin, Cree, Huron, Iroquois, Ojibway, Otchipas, Saulteaux

 

Vivier |   Metis, Cree, French

 

Vollant  |  Montagnais, French

 

 


W


 

Walker | Metis, BC First Nations, Chip., Cree, Iro., Mi’kmaq, Six Nations 

 

Whitford  |  Metis, Beaver, Cree, English  

 

 


Z


 

Zacharie | Cree, Iroquois, Montagnais

 

 

 

code: index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 30, 2020 - Posted by | . | ,

5 Comments »

  1. Hopefully you are going to add Lanteigne to this list as we go back to one of the first French men to marry Native and cross to many more native/Metis surnames.
    Angel Lantiegne – Lund

    Like

    Comment by Angel Lantiegne - Lund | December 1, 2020 | Reply

    • There are so many posts to prepare – I’ll try and move the Lanteignes up the cue 🙂

      Like

      Comment by Evelyn Yvonne Theriault | December 1, 2020 | Reply

  2. Hello Evelyn, I recently found a Baptism Record for my Husband’s 3rd great Grandmother on his Mother’s side and I am not sure if I am reading it correctly. It is in French and I am completely English speaking/writing as is my husband. I have tried to translate it, and what I have been able to decipher is that she was marked as illegitimate by the priest. There is also a name beside hers that I am assuming that it is her last name. I saved the document in the hopes that I could find someone to translate it. I thought that I would ask your advice regarding the translating. The name on the document is Francoise “Timiskamang” daughter of Louis Laplante and a Marie Cou…. She was married to Francois Pilon; I believe his middle name was Xavier. I believe the date of the baptism is on May 24, 1779.
    Is there a website that can translate documents like that?
    Thank you in advance.
    Tammy,
    P.S. if you need to email me, you can reach me at, Tammy.Daub@icloud.com

    Like

    Comment by Tammy Lecuyer nee Daub | December 3, 2020 | Reply

  3. Looking for Latanville, Botineau or contois

    Like

    Comment by Tammy | April 2, 2021 | Reply

  4. Tammy, my Grandfather was a Latanville and my Grandmother was a Bottineau, her mother was a Contois.

    Like

    Comment by Deborah Lynn Tutt | June 28, 2021 | Reply


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